Rheumatism - is an inflammatory disease that is characterized by lesions of connective tissue, mainly in the heart and joints. Rheumatic fever is a disease that develops after a previous infection caused by certain pathogens (mainly beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A).
How is rheumatic fever and its forms
Rheumatic fever develops only when the body has some kind of immune system disorders. In this case, in response to the introduction of the pathogen the immune system produces antibodies that should neutralize the "enemy." But immunity changes lead to antibodies that "do not know their" and deposited on the connective tissues of the patient's body (mainly in the heart and joints), causing damage. This is explained by the presence of certain strains of beta-hemolytic streptococcal antigenic substances from the heart tissue.
Rheumatic fever can occur acute, subacute, in a protracted process, continuous process and recurrent symptoms. It can manifest mainly as lesions of the heart, joints, and nervous system.
Polyarthritis is a major occurrences rheumatism. At the heart of rheumatic fever is an acute and subacute synovitis - inflammation of the synovial membrane lining the inside of the joint cavity.
Rheumatoid arthritis begins two to three weeks after infection. In this patient the temperature rises sharply, there are chills, alternating with heavy sweats on the background of a sudden drop in temperature. Then there are volatile pain in large joints, the joints of the individual appear redness and swelling
Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
soft tissue. Swelling leads to deformation of joints, because of the pain limited their mobility. Severe pain and swelling appear at once or sequentially in two - three middle or large joints (especially frequently affected knee, elbow, shoulder joints), whereby the patient becomes completely immobile. At the same time he develops insomnia and nervous disorders.
Changed joints swell significantly, in large joints appears serous content. Soft tissue surrounding the joints, swollen, the skin over the joints tight, hot, touching the painful joint, there is symmetry of joint damage. However, all these inflammatory phenomena is extremely unstable, they may "jump" from one joint to another in rapid and complete elimination of all disease phenomena for several days.
Some patients may remain small for a long time pain in the joints, aggravated by weather changes, colds, under the influence of acute respiratory diseases. Arthritis lasts for about a month (sometimes less), and then disappears without a trace.
To join rheumatic fever heart disease, nervous system, skin, and so on. Rheumatoid arthritis
What is arthritis - when it hurts everywhere
accompanied by significant changes in laboratory parameters, indicators of inflammatory activity and usually corresponds to the maximum degree of activity of rheumatism.
Chronic arthritis postrevmatichesky
In some cases (especially if struck by the small joints of the feet and hands), there is enough proof deformation of joints - a disease called chronic arthritis postrevmaticheskim. Its features include rheumatoid kind of bending of the hands combined with flexion contractures (resistant mixing joint) metacarpophalangeal joints. Pain syndrome while absent or weakly expressed.
Rheumatoid arthritis should be treated comprehensively as any disease rheumatic nature. The patient is assigned to a strict bed rest, comfortable position patients limbs, hygiene (a marked sweating patient), easily digestible food with salt restriction. Treatment of rheumatic fever usually begin in the hospital, after the patient can improve dolechivatsya outpatients. The treatment takes four to six weeks.
Always being treated all possible foci of infection, for this purpose are usually used antibiotics
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
penicillin. Pain and inflammation is removed using NSAIDs if the pain is very strong, then using glyukokortikodnyh hormones.
When does an exacerbation, patients with rheumatism
Rheumatic fever - are possible complications of heart
observed rheumatologist, spring and fall get anti-treatment.
Prevention of rheumatic fever is timely treatment of foci of infection.