- Gum disease - do not treat lightly
Why becomes inflamed gums
Inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) can occur acutely and chronically. The cause of the acute inflammation in the gingival area most often injury caused, for example, in the treatment or dental fillings. After destroying the integrity of gingival mucous membrane in the wound fall infectious agents (oral them always enough) and starts the inflammatory process.
Acute inflammation, if left untreated, can turn into a chronic but often chronic gingivitis occur in the presence of mouth some constant stimuli, such as prostheses, incorrectly installed seals, damaged teeth, malocclusion
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and so on. Another common cause of inflammation in the gums are chronic digestive diseases - chronic gastritis, colitis, peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer, cholecystitis. Chronic gingivitis often develop when hypovitaminosis, diabetes
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and hormonal changes (adolescence, during pregnancy and so dadee), long flowing allergic process, often uncontrolled use of antibiotics and other drugs, and so on.
Finally, there are professional gingivitis, they develop in those who constantly has to deal with the harmful substances such as lead or aluminum dust, gasoline, bismuth, mercury, and so on.
Acute inflammation of the gums
Acute inflammation in the gums may be catarrhal or necrotizing. Catarrhal inflammation can occur unnoticed, appearing only a small bleeding and halitosis.
Acute necrotizing inflammatory process usually begins with reduced immunity. This state is typical for hypovitaminosis, chronic disease with frequent exacerbations, the recovery period after severe acute infections, and so on.
Starts acute necrotizing process with redness and swelling of the gum tissue, that is, as catarrhal gingivitis. But catarrhal stage of the process does not stop on the gums and in the region of their edges appear ulceration, with the edge of the gum loses its relief - interdental papillae smoothed. Enhanced bleeding gums
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, Breath, in some cases, increased body temperature, showing signs of intoxication. Inflammation in the gums may be complicated stomatitis.
Chronic inflammation of the gums
Chronic inflammation may also proceed differently. Chronic gingivitis is divided into catarrhal, hypertrophic and atrophic. In chronic catarrh may experience intermittent exacerbation of the process - the gums are swollen (especially evident in the area of the interdental papillae) there is pain when chewing, especially solid food.
For chronic hypertrophic inflammation characterized by an increase in the amount of gum tissue, especially increased interdental papillae. Gums can swell so that it is completely closed at the crown of the tooth. It causes pain and discomfort when chewing and creates a significant cosmetic defect.
Chronic atrophic gingivitis is usually the outcome of any long-term inflammation, including hypertrophic. Gums with the decrease in volume, become thin and fragile. Atrophic process can affect any part of the gums, for example, if it is constantly injured denture. But perhaps atrophy and all gums, while their edges are smoothed out and become smooth, without the characteristic interdental papillae.
Chronic gingivitis should always be treated, otherwise they will become hotbeds of infection in the body and cause an exacerbation of chronic processes in the internal organs.
How to treat inflammation of the gums
The main thing in the treatment of inflammation of the gums - is to identify and eliminate the cause of the disease. If this is some kind of disease of teeth, overbite or incorrectly installed the prosthesis, the dentists themselves cope with gingivitis. If there is a suspicion of a disease of the digestive system, or endocrine disease, then sent for treatment to other specialists.
Often the cause of gingivitis is plaque - solid dental plaque between the tooth and gum, and if not removed, gingivitis progresses. Therefore, tartar is removed first. Held as inspection, treatment and, if necessary prosthetics or correction of bite
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For topical treatment of gum appointed antibacterial, anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs that promote tissue repair gums in the form of gels, solutions for topical administration and so on. Appointed as physiotherapy. If chronic hypertrophic gingivitis is not amenable to conservative treatment, then held his surgery.
Gum disease is often a signal the body that it has any violations.