- Therapeutic dentistry: dental treatment
- Main goals
What does the preventive dentistry
Preventive dentistry is aimed at the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the teeth, periodontal tissues and oral mucosa. The functions of restorative dentistry also includes the development of various new diagnostic and preventive methods, revealing the links between dental diseases and diseases of the internal organs.
The main objectives of restorative dentistry:
- detection, treatment and prevention of dental caries;
- restoration of damaged teeth with modern filling materials;
- endodontic dental treatment - treatment of tissue positioned within the cavity and root canals of the tooth;
- detection, treatment and prevention of diseases of carious teeth;
- treatment of diseases of the oral mucosa;
- detection, treatment and prevention of diseases of periodontal tissues (periodontal).
Diagnostics in restorative dentistry
Dental diseases are identified using different survey methods. Apply heat and cold to determine the response of dental tissues. With the help of these techniques can identify the difference between caries, pulpitis
Pulpit: what to do to not get on the table of the surgeon?
(inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth, which are located in the cavity) and periodontitis
Periodontitis - a serious complication of pulpitis
(inflammation of the ligament that holds the tooth in the cell).
With the electric pulp test (EDI) determine the threshold of soft tissues of the tooth and periodontal tissue, it allows the disease to identify those tissues.
Sometimes, to clarify the nature of the lesion of the oral mucosa and soft tissues is performed microbiological testing. By plating on nutrient media of material taken from the inflammatory focus, identify the infectious agent and its sensitivity to antibiotics.
For intraoral X-ray examination is carried out, sights and review shots, exterior shots, including tomographic studies (layered images). With the help of contrast medium are conducting a study of the salivary glands (sialography).
There are also special biological samples that help to clarify the diagnosis. For example, the sample Aldrich, with which you can identify hidden swelling of the oral mucosa or the method of determining Kulazhenko capillary permeability.
Treatments used in restorative dentistry
In service dental therapist many treatments. Thus, caries in the stage of spot is treated in different ways remineralization (recovery of mineral composition) of enamel. This introduction into solid teeth tissues and calcium fluoride using the applications and electrophoresis.
To treat the deeper stages of dental caries performed first cavity preparation (expansion of its cutoff carious
More about caries - take care of your teeth until it's too late
tissue), and then filling. For dental fillings
Tooth filling - do not fear the dentist
Today there is a wide range of filling materials, dental therapist tells the patient to be sure about their advantages and disadvantages. With the help of modern filling materials can not only be sealed, and fully restore the appearance of the tooth so that it will not differ from healthy.
Treatment of pulpitis and root canal section provides therapeutic dentistry called endodontics. This is a relatively new area has many of its techniques. Thus, inflammation of the pulp is treated with special medical dressings or temporary seals it completely or partially removed, or removed mummified root canal pulp. When pulpitis is impossible to fill the aching tooth, it is first necessary to cure. After treatment imposed a temporary filling, and if within 7-14 days of the tooth does not hurt - it's constant.
Great importance is attached to preventive dentistry techniques of anesthesia. Today, there are anesthetics for topical application which can completely eliminate the pain. Even before the treatment of the patient concerned about severe pain, it will be removed and the treatment will be painless.
Another problem - treatment periodontal tissues. Inflammatory processes (periodontitis) and metabolic disorders (periodontal disease) in these tissues are able to completely destroy teeth. Periodontics has many methods of treating such diseases. But the treatment is long, it requires patience from both the dentist and the patient.
Preventive dentistry - this is the first stage in the dental clinic: it is the dentist-therapist handle all problems with the teeth, and he was send to the dental offices of other profiles.