Periodontal disease: deep problem

July 7, 2011

 periodontal disease
 In violation of the metabolic processes in periodontal tissues of the teeth begin to break down one after another. This condition is called periodontitis. His treatment may take more than one year. Today, we developed modern methods of treatment of periodontal disease, which keep the periodontal tissues in good condition.

 Periodontal disease: deep problem

What is periodontal disease and why it begins

Periodontal disease - periodontal disease (periodontal tissue), characterized by lesions of all its constituent parts, the destruction of the tooth connection with the destruction of the gums and strengthens the jaw bone. If periodontal disease is not treated, the teeth fall out. Periodontal disease was first described in the middle of the XVIII century, but then it was called "false scurvy." Periodontal disease - it is a common disease, the incidence of which increases with age.

The cause of periodontal disease - a violation of the metabolic processes in periodontal tissues under the influence of external and internal causes. External causes include poor diet (deficiency of protein, vitamins and minerals, excessive consumption of sweet and fatty foods), malocclusion Malocclusion: fix is ​​never too late  Malocclusion: fix is ​​never too late
 , Poor oral hygiene, the formation of tartar on the teeth, which is located between the gum and tooth, forming pockets where the infection is accumulated.

Internal factors contributing to the development of periodontal disease include genetic disorders, dysregulation of metabolic processes in the central nervous system (CNS) disorders, immune disorders, severe diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, and other reasons.

 Periodontal disease: deep problem

What happens to the periodontal tissues with periodontitis

Changing periodontal tissue in this disease depends on the general and local factors. The basis of the development of periodontal disease - a violation of immunity under the influence of the components of dental plaque, periodontal disturbance in metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
 , Inflammation and circulatory disorder arising from neurohumoral (CNS and the blood) in the body shifts. Particular substances that cause inflammation (inflammatory mediators, e.g., histamine), enzymes, bacteria, accumulated in plaque, and other factors cause irritation and ligament destruction circular tooth, the tooth is separated from the periodontal tissues to form a pocket therebetween. As a result of these processes, the metabolism in the jaw bone, which leads to a reduction in the volume of the alveolar bone and dental resorption, loosening and loss of teeth.

Poor circulation in the periodontal tissues begins with a short-term phase of expansion vessels under the influence of inflammatory mediators. Then comes the phase of narrowing of blood vessels stable with a tendency to form blood clots that clog the lumen of blood vessels. As a result of disrupted supply of nutrients and oxygen to the tissues and periodontal slows down metabolism Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting  Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
 . Gradually, the blood vessels become narrow and winding.

Due to the loss of teeth broken chewing of food, and can develop diseases of the digestive system. Periodontal pockets, as the focus of infection, can cause sensitization and development of autoimmune (allergic to its own tissues) lesions of the heart, kidneys and joints.

 Periodontal disease: deep problem

Symptoms of periodontal disease

Periodontal disease begins gradually, with the defeat of several teeth. But gradually, the process captures all periodontal tissues. There are the following stages of periodontal disease: initial, develop and stage of stabilization (remission).

In the initial stages of periodontal disease occurs as an inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) with their redness, swelling, or growth of the decrease in the amount of gum tissue. At the stage of gingivitis which developed captures all the gums are reddened, swollen, with large periodontal pockets, of which often pus. From the large amount of tartar teeth become mobile, are beginning to fall, there is bad breath, and violation of diction. Overall condition is usually not impaired, but in some cases it worsens. Remission occurs after the complex treatment: inflammation subsides, reduced mobility of teeth and the depth of periodontal pockets.

Meet and periodontal disease, which occurs with advantageous metabolic disorders, it proceeds more slowly, without sudden exacerbations. At the same time there is a significant decline in the jaw bone, which does not allow to form periodontal pockets.

 Periodontal disease: deep problem

Diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease

The diagnosis of periodontal disease put on the basis of survey data confirm the dentist and laboratory and radiological studies.

Treatment - is, as a rule, general and local effect on the pathological process in the periodontium. Local treatment - the removal of tartar, anti-inflammatory treatment and curettage Curettage - Women's mini-operation  Curettage - Women's mini-operation
   (scraping the special tool) periodontal pockets. Sometimes there are special periodontal surgery: cut off the dead tissue, increases soft tissue and bone. Prescribe, improves blood circulation in the periodontal field.

General treatment - is the elimination of inflammatory processes, increase immunity, restorative treatment in the form of vitamin and mineral complexes.

Treatment of periodontal disease should be comprehensive, individual and systematic.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • periodontal disease

Periodontal disease - it's scary?

June 1, 2008

  • Periodontal disease - it's scary?
  • Gingivitis and periodontitis

 periodontal disease periodontal disease
 Periodontal disease - is, as a rule, infectious diseases affecting the gums and bone supporting the teeth. One of the easiest of periodontal disease - gingivitis causes an inflammation of the gums, and sometimes bleeding. Periodontitis - a more serious periodontal disease, which can lead to loosening of the teeth and hair loss, as well as more severe health effects. Periodontal disease is most common in adults. In addition to tooth decay, it is the most serious threats to the health of the teeth.

 Periodontal disease - it's scary?


Bacteria living in the mouth can infect the tissues surrounding the teeth, causing inflammation and periodontal disease. If the bacteria are in a tooth long enough to form a coating, which eventually will harden and form tartar. Gradually the area of ​​dental tissue coated stone will increase, spreading, including and below the gum line; Simultaneously there is the spread of bacteria. At this stage, only a specialist can leave the development of periodontal disease.

 Periodontal disease - it's scary?

Warning signs

Listed below are the features that are in the early stages of periodontal disease:

  • Halitosis and / or bad taste in the mouth that does not go for quite a long time;
  • Red or swollen gums;
  • Sore or bleeding gums How to prevent bleeding gums: important rules  How to prevent bleeding gums: important rules
  • Pain while chewing food;
  • Stagger teeth;
  • Tooth sensitivity Tooth Sensitivity - sudden pain  Tooth Sensitivity - sudden pain
   a hot and cold food and drink;
  • Education gaps between the gums and teeth.

 Periodontal disease - it's scary?

Risk factors

Certain factors increase the risk of periodontitis:

  • Smoking;
  • Diabetes;
  • Poor oral hygiene;
  • Stress;
  • Heredity;
  • Crooked teeth;
  • Conditions causing immunodeficiency, such as AIDS;
  • Receiving drugs that cause dry mouth;
  • Hormonal changes in women, such as those associated with pregnancy or oral contraceptives.

 Periodontal disease - it's scary?

Prevention and Treatment

In the early stages of periodontal disease can be controlled with good oral hygiene Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair  Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair
   and regular professional cleanings. In more serious cases may require prolonged treatment, including the application of surgical techniques.

For the prevention of periodontal disease should be regularly and carefully clean teeth How to brush your teeth: interesting facts  How to brush your teeth: interesting facts
   and at least once a year to be screened at the dentist.