First aid for fractures - do not panic

July 23, 2009

 First aid for fractures
 Providing first aid for fractures, it is important not to harm humans. Therefore, if you are not confident that you can help, just call an ambulance and Stay with the victim until medical help arrives. Call an ambulance for the victim - it is the duty of every person; the rejection of its implementation in many countries is a punishable offense.

 First aid for fractures - do not panic

If the broken bone A bone fracture - the scourge of children and the elderly  A bone fracture - the scourge of children and the elderly
   occurred as a result of severe injuries, call an ambulance. Also, seek emergency medical care in the following cases:

  • A person does not respond to external stimuli, not breathing, and / or does not move. After calling a doctor, start artificial respiration and / or cardiac massage;
  • The victim severe bleeding;
  • Even a slight pressure and / or movement causes pain;
  • A broken limb or joint looks deformed;
  • The bone pierced the skin;
  • Fingers broken arms or legs are numb and / or their skin becomes bluish;
  • You suspect that the victim's broken spine, base of the skull or neck;
  • You suspect that the victim is broken pelvis or hip.

In all these cases, especially in cases of suspected fracture of the spine or neck, do not move the patient unless it is absolutely necessary - for example, to prevent further damage.

 First aid for fractures - do not panic

While waiting for the arrival of doctors, provide first aid

  • If there is bleeding, take measures to stop it. If you do not use any bandages, clean cloth;
  • Immobilize the affected part of the body. If the joint and / or limb you seem distorted, do not try to give them a familiar form. Put the tires above and below the fracture; pribintuyte their wide bandages or any clean cloth. Tires can be made from scrap material - planks or straight, rather thick branches. They will help ease the discomfort, but in any case not to apply the patches man with a broken spine;
  • Apply ice wrapped in some cloth to the skin in the area of ​​the fracture to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

If the fracture does not prevent a person to move around independently and had no bleeding - for example, in closed fractures hands should be on their own to go to the Emergency stations. Tires need to impose necessary.

 First aid for fractures - do not panic

General principles of first aid for fractures

First aid for fractures is divided into pre-medical and medical. Pre-hospital first aid could have anyone familiar with the rules of care. At the same time this person should call an ambulance.

Emergency doctor providing first medical aid to alleviate the patient's condition, prevent complications and timely deliver the injured to hospital.

 First aid for fractures - do not panic

First aid patients with fractures

If you witness an accident, first of all, you need to calm down and assess the situation there not an additional source of danger, perhaps, the victim will need to move the scene to a safer place. If multiple fractures or suspected fracture of the spine Fracture of the spine - how to get out with minimal losses?  Fracture of the spine - how to get out with minimal losses?
 Then (if possible) the victim is better not to touch it or move it to another location on the hard stretcher.

The next step - a good look at the victim and to decide what assistance he needs to have in the first place. First of all, you need to pay attention to bleeding. To stop it, you need to give the bleeding limbs elevated position, apply a pressure bandage or a tourniquet. If the bleeding is small and you have to yourself a sterile bandage, then gently fold it in several layers, apply to the wound, the top cover with a bandage does not spill, and then tightly bandage around the limb.

If bleeding is severe, it can be stopped with a tourniquet. For this purpose, fit the rope, belt, tie, etc. Harness superimposed above the bleeding on any fabric (not to injure the skin) and swing the limb around 2-3 times. Loosely tourniquet perezhmet only veins (they are closer to the surface). Harness imposed no more than two hours (about the hour tourniquet, to warn emergency doctor).

The next phase - have a look .  If there is absolute or relative signs of fracture, the victim needs to be done immobilization (immobilization) limb .  To do this, you can also use the material at hand in the form of tablets, sticks, hard bags, and so on .  Such improvised splint is applied no less than two joints, surrounding the fracture site (of course you need to fix in the position it occupies and not try to connect the bone fragments) .  The exception is the hip and shoulder joints - bus must capture three joints .  After splinting it pribintovyvayut (improvised means, for example, a piece of torn clothing) to the affected limb) .  You need to call an ambulance as soon as possible, but if this is not possible, the victim used to transport a stretcher with a solid base (they also can be made independently of the two poles and planks between them) .

 First aid for fractures - do not panic

First medical aid

First medical aid is an emergency room physician. If the bleeding does not stop, then stop it adopted additional measures. The patient may be in a state of shock (shock - a state of severe weakness and general oppression of the body caused by the defeat of the vital systems of the body; it is a very dangerous condition that can lead to the death of the victim), and then the doctor introduces him protivoshokovym funds.

Once a doctor decides a patient with a life-threatening condition, he prepares it for transport, trying to make optimal immobilization of the limb. And only then transported the victim to a hospital, where he will be provided with specialized care.

  Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • fractures

Shock wave therapy - the use of sound medical purposes

December 17, 2009

  • Shock wave therapy - the use of sound medical purposes
  • Indications

 Shock wave therapy
 Shock wave therapy (SWT) - a new therapeutic technology that uses shock waves to treat a variety of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The shock wave - is intense, but very short wave of energy that moves faster than the speed of sound.

Treatment with UHT can be assigned, if a patient meets the following criteria:

  • The diagnostics is assumed that the patient can be cured using UHT;
  • Simpler and less expensive treatments have proven ineffective or for some reason is not suitable to the patient;
  • If the alternative is a UHT surgery or other invasive treatments;
  • Contraindications UHT absent;
  • The patient understands the essence of his upcoming medical procedure.

UHT not usually used in the presence of bone tumors, in certain metabolic disorders involving bone tissue and also in certain disorders of the nervous and cardiovascular system. Additionally, SWT is not recommended during pregnancy.

 Shock wave therapy - the use of sound medical purposes


The answer to the question of the effectiveness of shock wave therapy often depends on a specific study on this subject, research methods, how scientists understand the word "efficiency" and other factors. How much less, according to the most modern research, UHT is a highly effective method of treatment. On average, the treatment is successful in 80% of cases.

Many patients are relieved after the first session UHT. However, this effect is usually temporary - it is associated with the anesthetic effect of hyperstimulation tissue UHT. It takes several days before the damaged tissues begin to heal and the patient can see a marked effect by the end of the second week of treatment. The whole process of treatment can last up to several weeks - depending on the original condition of the patient.

 Shock wave therapy - the use of sound medical purposes


For several decades, UHT applied to several million people around the world and for all time to use it side effects are extremely rare. Even such minor side effects such as tingling, redness and / or bruising occur infrequently and quickly pass.

 Shock wave therapy - the use of sound medical purposes

How does UHT

Speaking quite simply, the UHT stimulate certain components inside the body, contributing to the recovery. UHT can be effective even for chronic diseases, who could not be treated by any other methods.

The shock wave has a mechanical pressure to the affected tissue. This improves the microcirculation and metabolic processes at the cellular level. Furthermore, the pressure of the shock wave leads to the formation of so-called cavitation bubbles. These are small cavities that appear after the passage of the shock wave. They grow to their maximum size, and then burst - like soap bubbles; As a result, energy is released. When cavitation bubbles burst in the human body, released energy causes the destruction of calcium deposits in soft tissues.

Furthermore, the destruction of the cavitation bubbles formed secondary energy waves that have on calcium deposition direct mechanical impact.

UHT not only contributes to the destruction of calcium deposits, but also stimulates body cells known as osteoblasts. They are responsible for the formation of new bone tissue - and their stimulation, respectively, accelerates the healing process in various diseases of the musculoskeletal system. UHT also stimulates fibroblasts Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue  Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue
 Responsible for the healing of connective tissue.

Normally UHT performed under local anesthesia; One procedure lasts about thirty minutes. When using a new technology in UHT anesthesia is not necessary, and the procedure takes an average of ten minutes.