Longetka on hand - intended use

July 4, 2014

 longetka at hand
 Longetka on hand - is a locking device contributes immobility limb. Longuet, for different purposes, have different appearance and have different functions. In addition, splints imposed for fractures, experts today prefer to cook on the individual measures.


Splint on the arm fracture

Bone fractures of the upper extremity after comparing fragments superimposed rigid fixation bandage. It can be as circular (solid), and the arm cover half or two thirds of a circle (splint).

Longetka on hand after breaking often made from gypsum - it allows us to give the desired fixing bandage individual form. Sufficient stiffness of bone results from fixation splint with a bandage or an elastic bandage. Splint applied to the fracture site and into two adjacent joint disposed on opposite sides of the fracture site.

This splint allows you to adjust the degree of fit to the body by loosening the tension studs or bandage, which is very important in the propensity to edema of the injured limb. We have plaster splints and disadvantages: a lot of weight, fragility, fear of water, it quickly gets dirty, irritating to the skin.

An alternative to a plaster splint is a splint from a plastic plaster. Such a splint is applied as well as gypsum, takes into account all the anatomical features of the hand, but at the same time has such advantages as ease water resistant (you can wash in the shower), air permeability (skin under the bandage breathing, so is not easily angered).

Available in standard splint and the hand, but they are usually used for temporary immobilization, for example, during transportation of the victim, and then superimposed splint of gypsum plaster or plastic.

The fact is that from the look longetka at hand, whether it is made by taking into account individual measurements of anatomical features hand depends efficacy.

If you want to longetka finger fracture, it applied the same rules as the splint on his hand, capturing all the metacarpophalangeal joints and metacarpophalangeal joints of the damaged finger. Available course and finished longetki different designs for fingers, but most experts believe that it is unacceptable for fractures.


Splint on his hand after a stroke

Stroke - an acute ischemic stroke, caused by different reasons. As a result, part of the stroke necrosis of brain cells (neurons) and damage to the surrounding neurons. This leads to a wide variety of symptoms - a violation of speech, movement, mental abilities, and so on.

Often as a result of a stroke patient develops paralysis of the hand - traffic violations in the shoulder joint, as well as in the whole hand. The appearance of such a patient: shoulder pressed against the trunk and turned inward, arm bent at the elbow, turn his hand palm up and straighten your fingers folded into a fist impossible.

In this case, experts recommend to reconstructive procedures, which uses splint on his hand. The patient is placed on his back. To avoid excessive muscle tension in the hands, it is placed on a flat not too soft pillow. Paralyzed arm while forcibly flexes the elbow, palm turned up, straighten your fingers.

To save this state of fingers and prevent the development of resistant contractures (details) muscle, from the fingertips to the elbow impose removable longetu, and on top of the forearm is placed a bag of sand. In this position, the arm should be no more than three hours, after which it changed the situation: a straightened arm lay along the body.

If such procedures are carried out daily and later combine them with physiotherapy, massage, physical therapy and medication, the patient increases the chances for a full or partial (depending on the severity of the stroke) restoration movement in the hand.


Longetka on hand for fitness

Today industry produces special longetki gym on different parts of the body, including the hands. They are made usually of a dense material to perfectly fix the wrist. Recorded wrist can withstand higher loads.

Longetka on the wrist and hand will prevent injuries, and her light material provide good ventilation and comfort during workouts.

Splint on a hand may have different designs and, accordingly, functions. And if in the treatment of fractures still prefer splints that mimic the anatomical features of the affected limb, for the rehabilitation of patients with stroke Stroke - a serious brain injury  Stroke - a serious brain injury
 , Transport of patients with fractures and sports are more suitable ready splints.

Galina Romanenko

Heel spur - treatment at home is possible

November 29, 2014

 heel spur treatment at home
 Do you ever formed heel spurs? With this problem at least once in his life faced by many people, especially those who are actively involved in sports, often goes on long hikes, or wearing uncomfortable shoes with very high heels. When formed heel spurs, home treatment can be very effective, but it requires time and patience person. You must be prepared for the fact that the Spurs will take place at once, and for some time, you may need to limit physical activity.


Means for treatment of heel spurs at home

  • Analgesics

Spurs on the heel, especially early in treatment, can cause very severe pain, because of which a person can be difficult not only to train, but to go to work. If pain is causing you significant discomfort, you can for some time to take non-prescription analgesics. The drug of first choice in such cases - Paracetamol: it is the most safe and in many cases, good help. If he is not efficient enough, you can take aspirin, ibuprofen Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug  Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug
   or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Although these medications are sold without a prescription, people with chronic diseases, those who are already taking any medication, as well as pregnant and lactating women in front of their reception it is necessary to consult with your doctor.

  • Natural anti-inflammatory drugs

Ginger and turmeric Turmeric: the benefits and harms of the Indian saffron  Turmeric: the benefits and harms of the Indian saffron
   anti-inflammatory effect, and in many cases they can be used instead of other drugs or NSAIDs. They rarely produce side effects and can be used for a long time. You can take turmeric or ginger Ginger and the most unexpected, but pleasant useful properties  Ginger and the most unexpected, but pleasant useful properties
   capsules, and add these herbs in various dishes.

  • Cyanocobalamin

Lack of this vitamin can lead to various problems with the bone tissue, among them - heel spurs. To increase consumption of this vitamin, you can include in the diet more seafood (especially shellfish), and liver, or begin taking supplements, which include vitamin B12.

  • The fatty acids omega-3

This is one of the strongest natural anti-inflammatory substances. The emergence of heel spurs are usually accompanied by inflammation of the plantar fascia, so omega-3 will do you good. Eat more sea fish, flax seeds, salad with vegetable oils, as well as take fish oil capsules Fish oil - so whether it is useful to think?  Fish oil - so whether it is useful to think?

  • Cold compresses

Cold compresses are an effective analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent, although their effect lasts very long. After a workout, or walking in a towel wrap a plastic bag with ice or frozen vegetables, and attach it to the quarter of an hour on foot. As a rule, due to such compression heel pain is just a few minutes.

  • Warm foot bath with Epsom salts

A simple warm bath is well relieves tired feet after a hard day, but with Epsom salts (also called magnesia or Epsom salt - under the name of the city where it is produced) it becomes even more effective. This salt has anti-inflammatory effect and relieves pain.

  • Apple vinegar

Apple cider vinegar also has anti-inflammatory properties, which appear as if swallowed, and in outdoor use. To relieve the symptoms of heel spurs, in the evening moisten the towel with warm water mixed with a small amount of apple cider vinegar and wrap their feet.

  • Insoles

Special insoles, which placed under the heel, can help relieve the pain that causes heel spurs. They are also slightly weaken the load on the foot, thereby accelerate recovery of the plantar fascia.

  • Massage

Massage with warm oil well helps with heel spurs. It relieves pain, improves blood circulation in the skin and deeper layers of tissue. Heat two or three tablespoons of olive or coconut oil to a comfortable temperature, and apply it to the skin of the feet, legs and massage in a circular motion and intense strokes, paying particular attention to the heels. Take a massage every day or at least every other day.

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  • heel spur