Dislocated shoulder - do not try to put everything in place
June 10, 2010
- Dislocated shoulder - do not try to put everything in place
- Traumatic dislocation
Dislocated shoulder - this is a common problem that usually poses little danger to health, but significantly increases the risk of dislocation in the future.
Symptoms of shoulder dislocation may be:
- The visible deformation of the shoulder;
- Swelling and / or bruising at the shoulder;
- Strong pain;
- Violation of the mobility of the shoulder joint.
In addition, the dislocation of the shoulder can lead to numbness, weakness and / or tingling in the affected area.
It is often difficult to distinguish fracture
A bone fracture - the scourge of children and the elderly
of dislocation; In any case, the appearance of the above symptoms you need as soon as possible to see a doctor. While waiting for medical care, try to immobilize the shoulder joint using a sling. To relieve pain and reduce inflammation, apply a cold compress to the joint.
The most common causes of shoulder dislocation are:
- Sports injuries. Especially dangerous in this sense sports such as football, hockey, skiing, gymnastics, and volleyball;
- Other injuries, for example, obtained in the fight, as well as for his own negligence.
Dislocated shoulder most often occurs in men under the age of thirty years - obviously, this has a direct connection with their level of activity.
Complications of shoulder dislocation may be:
- Rupture of muscles, ligaments and / or tendons in the shoulder joint;
- Damage to nerves and blood vessels in the area of the shoulder joint;
- Increased likelihood of recurrent dislocation of the shoulder.
For the diagnosis of shoulder dislocation commonly used diagnostic techniques such as X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging and electromyography. EMG measures the electrical impulses produced by the muscles. This allows you to identify the nerve damage caused by repeated or severe sprains.
- Closed reposition. Your doctor may straighten sprained shoulder joint with a few seemingly simple manipulation - this procedure is called a closed reduction. Depending on the symptoms, the patient beforehand give a muscle relaxant, or in rare cases, the injected anesthetic. When the joint will take its normal position, the pain will pass almost immediately.
- Surgery. When the weakened shoulder joint, because of which the patient is often the case a dislocated shoulder, may be necessary surgery. In rare cases, surgery due to damaged as a result of dislocation of the blood vessels or nerves.
- Immobilization. When dislocated shoulder doctor may recommend immobilization of the shoulder joint using a special sling for a period of a few days to three weeks. However, a few days after the dislocation of the patient must begin very cautiously develop dislocated joint. Complete immobility causes stiff muscles and joints.
- Medications. Often, doctors prescribe painkillers and receive muscle relaxants during treatment shoulder dislocation. In most cases, non-prescription drugs such as aspirin, paracetamol
Paracetamol - is effective for moderate pain
Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug
and naproxen, relieve pain effectively. Prescription painkillers for sprains usually not written.
- Rehabilitation. After the treatment of dislocation of the patient may need a course of rehabilitation for the gradual restoration of range of motion of the shoulder joint.
To prevent a dislocated shoulder during contact sports need to use special protective devices. Regular exercise increases the flexibility and mobility of joints, reducing the likelihood of dislocation of the shoulder.
Precautions are especially important for those who have ever had a dislocated shoulder, because it increases the risk of recurrent dislocation
Dislocation - Prevention and Treatment
Joint disease - prevention is better than cure
June 18, 2009
By joint disease includes all diseases or injuries affecting joints. The best-known joint disease - rheumatoid arthritis, but this is not the only disease. Diseases of the joints can be both short-term and chronic, causing unbearable pain, or bring minor discomfort may affect one or more joints. All diseases of the joints, depending on the nature of the lesion is divided into inflammatory (arthritis) and non-inflammatory (arthritis). In most cases, arthritis are the result of infectious diseases, particularly angina, tuberculosis dizentirii, influenza and even ARI. When inflammation of the joint case of monoarthritis, inflammation in multiple joints - a polyarthritis.
Other reasons for the appearance of arthritis include joint injuries, malfunction of the immune system, metabolic disorders, long-term state of intoxication, severe hypothermia, a critical flaw of some vitamins.
Rheumatoid arthritis - an autoimmune inflammatory disease characterized by lesions of the joints, swelling, and pain in the joints. In the morning stiffness of the joints observed when a person is difficult to get out of bed. Symptoms of arthritis also include fatigue, redness of the skin on the hands, weight loss, fever and formation of rheumatoid nodules (hardening under the skin on the hands). Typically, rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis - when the sore joints
It extends from the ankles, wrists, feet and hands, hitting hip joints, shoulders, jaw, neck and knees. Curious fact that rheumatoid arthritis - a chronic disease that develops in spurts: now you can not move because of the acute rheumatic and tomorrow feel fine, all the symptoms disappeared safely. For the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis used NSAIDs (ibuprofen), steroids (metilprednizon), immunosuppressants (azathioprine) and modifying antirheumatic drugs (leflunamid). If drug therapy is ineffective, surgical treatment is recommended. In some cases, perform total joint replacement, restore the tendon (tissue that connect muscles and bones), or remove the synovial membrane - the inner layer of the joint capsule.
- Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is similar to rheumatoid arthritis in adults, with the difference that strikes children under 16 years. Since the symptoms of juvenile arthritis correspond clinical arthritis in adults, the treatment administered the same. However, dose adjustment may require medication in accordance with the age of the child.
- Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease caused by the rupture of cartilage in the joint, and the gap can occur in any joint, but most often affects the joints of osteoarthritis, which account for the largest load, that is, the joints of hips, knees and spine. This is the most common type of arthritis in which the bones because of damage to the cartilage rub together, causing pain. Symptoms of osteoarthritis: a sharp pain in the joints
Joint pain - how to understand what is going on?
Sensitivity, swelling and stiffness of the joints, and weakness. As with rheumatoid arthritis stiffness and pain most strongly manifested in the morning. Nevertheless, when driving are reduced manifestations of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis may be associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment includes use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), in particular, acetaminophen, or cortisone, or injection of steroids into the affected joints. To reduce stress on the joints, you should get plenty of rest and do not intensive exercise
Myths about exercise: do not believe
. In case of failure of drug therapy used surgical technique: arthroplasty and arthrodesis (joint fixation surgery in position) joints.
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
- Is an acute inflammatory condition caused by deposition of uric acid in the joint cavity. Uric acid is produced in the destruction of organic compounds in the body; It normally dissolves in the blood and excreted by the kidneys in urine. In patients with gouty arthritis uric acid forms crystals which can be deposited around the joints, which in turn causes pain and swelling of affected joints. Certain foods can enhance the uric acid level, for example, anchovy, herring, meat by-products, mushrooms and asparagus.
Excessive alcohol consumption also increases the risk of gouty arthritis. A factor contributing to the development of gout, it may be a decrease excretion of uric acid by the kidneys. Gout attacks are characterized by severe pain. Gout most often affects the joints of the toes, but it may result in joint wrists, hands, ankles. Attacks of gouty arthritis may be repeated and continued for several days.