Diet for hepatitis helps relieve the liver cells from excessive load. Detoxification of the liver with hepatitis reduced by inflammation, so eating, hinders the digestive process can significantly worsen the patient's condition.
Hepatitis and diet - what does it do?
Nutritional care for hepatitis - an important element in the complex therapy. Consuming foods minimizes the strain on all the organs of digestion, it will offload the liver, reducing its burden of detoxification of toxic products of metabolism. Energy conservation is the restoration of the metabolism in the liver cells (hepatocytes).
Diet for hepatitis to be observed constantly. During acute inflammatory process it becomes severe during remission list of authorized food increases. In chronic hepatitis proper diet can provide long-term remission (a state without exacerbation), while the error in the diet can cause a worsening of the disease.
Nutritional care for hepatitis in the acute stage
Health food is hepatitis tables 5 and 5A. In acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis and hepatitis diet appointed room 5A, the purpose of which - the maximum sparing of the liver. It is mechanically and chemically gentle diet with normal protein and carbohydrates, some reduced fat and salt. Proteins and carbohydrates are contained in the dishes in accordance with the physiological norm.
From the daily diet excludes cold dishes, enhancing the processes of fermentation (peas, beans) and decay (fatty meats) in the gut, stimulating the secretion of bile, gastric juice and pancreatic juice. You can not eat spicy seasonings, meats, foods rich in essential oils (onion, garlic
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, Radish, radish). Prepare all steamed or boiled, cooked dishes rubbed.
Diet for hepatitis patients in remission
Diet number 5 in hepatitis is indicated for persistent (benign, non-progressive) hepatitis with signs of mild functional impairment of the liver. The purpose of the diet - the restoration of impaired liver function, mechanical sparing the stomach and intestines that are usually involved in the pathological process. A diet full with some restriction of animal fats. All dishes are boiled, steamed or baked in the oven. Food is not wiped.
Diet for liver hepatitis in remission, when patients do not show almost no complaints (except, of course, weakness and reduced performance - these symptoms remain the same), they feel almost healthy diet but still necessary.
Diet during remission is built in such a way that its main components had a positive effect on all digestive organs, primarily the liver.
Of great importance is the diet. Restoration of normal digestion promotes reception of small portions of food in the same hours. At the same time, long breaks between meals, and receive large amounts of food causes bile stasis, which immediately affects the state of the liver tissue.
Do I need a low-fat diet for hepatitis? Recent clinical studies have not confirmed the harmful effects of a small amount of fat in the daily diet of patients with hepatitis. But it noted that fat is better administered in the form of vegetable oils, because of their involvement in metabolic processes and choleretic action.
Nevertheless, choleretic effect vegetable fats may be contraindicated in the case where hepatitis
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combined with the formation of stones in the bile ducts and gall bladder: increased motor activity of smooth muscles of the biliary tract can provoke an attack of biliary colic - infringement of the stone. For these patients, we recommend the introduction of a daily diet of the usual ratio of animal and vegetable fats - 3: 1. From animal fats like butter, it is recommended the most easily digested and absorbed. Refractory fats (fatty meats and fish) from the diet is better to exclude.
Vegetables, berries and fruit in hepatitis stimulate the secretion of bile and other digestive glands, reduces the concentration of cholesterol in the blood, eliminate constipation. The positive effect on digestion have carrots, zucchini, tomatoes, cauliflower and brussels sprouts, grapes, melons, strawberries, apples, prunes and others. Especially effective is the use of fresh or steamed vegetables with vegetable oil. Seeds and nuts can be consumed with hepatitis, but in limited quantities.
From the daily menu for hepatitis excluded vegetables rich in essential oils
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(onions, garlic, radishes
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, Radish) and oxalic acid (spinach). They are poorly tolerated due to their irritating effect on the mucous membrane of the digestive system.
Power hepatitis is of paramount importance. Sticking to a diet during remission is not difficult, because of a set of products recommended for hepatitis, can be prepared a variety of dishes.