It is believed that duodenal ulcer is found in 5-10% of the population, with approximately equal frequency in women and men. Diet is an effective means of alleviating the symptoms of the disease; it also helps to slow down its development.
The essence of the diet
The diet duodenal ulcer should include a lot of fiber and less fat as possible. The best sources of healthy fats to a diet will serve salmon, mackerel, sardines and herring - they contain nutrients help prevent the further destruction of the inner lining of the wall of the duodenum.
In addition, be sure to include a diet of fresh fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, cabbage, wiki and apricots - they also protect the wall and the stomach and duodenum. However, it should be avoided citrus - contrary, they may exacerbate the symptoms of duodenal ulcer.
Foods rich in vitamin E, for example, wheat germ and walnuts, are very useful for intestinal health in general.
Large portions of even the most useful food stimulate the production of large amounts of gastric juice, which can aggravate ulcers. Therefore, duodenal ulcer is recommended to eat small portions.
Sample menu diet duodenal ulcer:
- Breakfast: a cup of oatmeal, one boiled or roasted (no oil on a nonstick pan) egg, black coffee without caffeine.
- Lunch: 60-80 grams of turkey, 50 g cheddar cheese, a piece of whole-wheat bread.
- Dinner: steamed or baked in foil fish or chicken and mashed potatoes.
During the day you can have a snack of fresh fruit and berries, such as grapes or kiwi.
What kind of products should be avoided
Patients with duodenal ulcer should be excluded from the diet of hot spices
Spices - delicious slimming
Such as pepper, curry, mustard, ginger
Ginger and the most unexpected, but pleasant useful properties
- They contribute to deepening and rapid increase in ulcer. Alcohol and caffeine increase the acidity of the stomach, which is why the symptoms of duodenal ulcers can be aggravated. Salty foods also increases the likelihood of deterioration of the patient. Solite only ready-made meals, or replace salt for other seasonings. Do not buy these salty foods like potato chips, smoked meat, some types of biscuits and breakfast cereals.
Diet during exacerbation of duodenal ulcer
During exacerbation of duodenal ulcer
Duodenal Ulcer - blame the bacteria?
in the first week of the diet appointed 1a, then (if the condition improves) for two weeks - 1b, and in the end - №1 diet for a long time, up to six months and even years.
Diet 1a - the hardest: all dishes are mashed, semi-solid and liquid, eating 6-8 times a day. Prepare mashed mucous porridges and soups, dairy products, eggs, soft-boiled eggs, compote.
Diet 1b - previous meals added cottage cheese, mashed potatoes, semi dishes of chicken meat.
Diet 1 - food is more solid, is added to boiled chicken, steam cutlets, beef stroganoff from boiled meat, soup with cabbage and sour cream, the dried white bread.
Staying on a diet 1 long after sharpening it lasts from several months to a year. This diet is well appointed and is worsening with the anti-treatment, which is carried out in all patients with peptic ulcer twice a year (spring and fall).
Diet duodenal ulcer complicated by hemorrhage
In the first hours of bleeding to reduce the rush of blood to the organs of the gastrointestinal tract and reduce bleeding to supply the patient using chilled cream, butter, milk in small portions. If the patient is vomiting, the routine proceeds to parenteral (bypassing the gastrointestinal tract) power in the form of intravenous nutrient solutions.
In the first days after the cessation of bleeding resolved white dried bread, carefully grind the meat (as a souffle), milk, cream, butter, mashed potatoes mashed with milk, mashed milk porridge (cooked on the water, and then divorced milk), fresh fruit juices diluted by half with water. This diet helps to reduce the muscle of the stomach and duodenum, which constricts blood vessels and help stop bleeding. Diet certainly enriched vitamin K (improves blood clotting) and C (reduces the permeability of blood vessels). After the patient's condition is stable, he is transferred to the table 1a.
Diet duodenal ulcer complicated by stenosis
One of the complications of peptic ulcer disease is stenosis (narrowing of the stable), duodenal ulcer, which is manifested by repeated and uncontrollable vomiting. This is due to the fact that food is retained in the stomach for a long time, since the duodenum narrows (at the site of the ulcer formed scar connective tissue, which in contrast to the muscular tissue is not stretched).
Feature therapeutic nutrition in this complication is very strict mechanical and chemical shchazhenie mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract and the fluid replacement and salts lost during vomiting by the body. Meals should be frequent and fractional (small portions). Calorie dishes are enhanced by a large number of milk protein, meat protein, carbohydrates, fruit juices and enrichment of food with vitamins and minerals.
Well tolerated with respect to solid food, have been subjected to increased cooking. Of the ground several times meat cooked souffle and meatballs. Eggs - or boiled, or as an omelette. Desserts - jelly, jellies, puddings. Typically, before a meal entered spasmolytics (e.g., papaverine
Papaverine - for pain caused by spasms of smooth muscles
, No-spa), which helps to relax the muscles of the duodenum and the better the passage of food.
When reducing the signs of stenosis (vomiting), the patient gradually shifted to a diet 1a.
When conservative therapy patient in combination with a therapeutic feeding is often possible to avoid surgery and to achieve long-term remission of duodenal ulcer.