- Inflammation of the bladder - inconvenient and unpleasant
- Folk remedies
Treatment of inflammation of the bladder
Inflammation of the bladder, especially if it is caused by chronic diseases - this is extremely unpleasant problem that can lead to a significant deterioration in the quality of life. Fortunately, there are a lot of tools to ease the symptoms of this disorder, or even completely get rid of them.
The diagnosis of cystitis is made by medical examination, laboratory data and instrumental studies.
Laboratory tests - a general analysis of urine (found a large number of white blood cells or pus), urine culture (to clarify the nature of the pathogen, causing inflammation), CBC (detects the presence and degree of inflammation in the body), if necessary - immunogram (blood test detecting violations of immunity).
Instrumental studies - is ultrasound of the bladder and kidneys, the study of the internal condition of the bladder using special equipment (cystoscopy), X-ray studies.
Treatment of acute inflammation of the bladder begins with bed rest, diet, eliminating sharp and savory food, plentiful drink (juice, infusions and decoctions of diuretic herbs, fruit drinks).
Painful urination removed heat (heating pads, warm baths, foot baths), medication, relieves spasms of smooth muscles (muscles of internal organs), such as No-Spa, papaverine
Papaverine - for pain caused by spasms of smooth muscles
. In marked during acute appointed antibiotics.
In the treatment of chronic inflammation of the bladder necessarily detected and possibly address the underlying causes of disease, such as prostate adenoma removed. Antibiotics are appointed only after a urine culture and identify infectious agent. Of great importance in the treatment of chronic cystitis given immune reconstitution and treatment of permanent foci of infection (carious teeth, chronic tonsillitis).
A method of treating inflammation of the bladder depends on the cause of the disease.
Treatment of bacterial inflammation
For the treatment of inflammation of the bladder caused by bacteria, most commonly used antibiotics. Which antibiotics are assigned and how long the treatment lasts depends on the general state of health, and on what exactly are the causative agents of disease bacteria.
- Primary infection. Symptoms often improve considerably already within days after starting antibiotics. However, the treatment should last from three days to one week, and depending on how severe the infection was form. Regardless of the duration of treatment, patients need to pass all the designated course to eliminate infectious agents.
- Repeated infections. Repeated inflammation of the bladder can be recommended more long-term treatment with antibiotics; in some cases, the patient is sent to a doctor who specializes in diseases of the urinary system. This will identify any abnormalities of the internal organs, which lead to recurrent infections. Some women makes a single dose of an antibiotic after intercourse.
- Nosocomial infections. Treatment of inflammation of the bladder caused by nosocomial infection, particularly difficult as living in the hospital bacteria are often resistant to the most common use of antibiotics. In such cases, use special treatments. In particular, it is recommended to prescribe antibiotics with the most narrow spectrum of action. Often treated with combination therapy - taking two antibiotics simultaneously.
Women after menopause is particularly prone to develop inflammation of the bladder. They were under the treatment may be recommended to use a vaginal ointment containing estrogen
Estrogen - the key to bone health
0 if their use is not associated with an increase in other health risks.
Treatment of bladder inflammation of unknown origin
When the cause of inflammation is unclear (such cases are known as interstitial cystitis), treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms. To do this, use the following tools:
- Medicines, relieving the symptoms of inflammation of the bladder;
- Special treatments to alleviate the symptoms, e.g., tensile bladder water or gas, or surgery;
- Stimulation of the nerve endings of the weak electrical impulses, which relieves pain and, in some cases, reduces the frequency of urination.
Treatment of other forms of non-infectious inflammation of the bladder
If the inflammation is caused by hypersensitivity to certain substances, containing, for example, in foams for baths or a spermicide, the main treatment is avoiding the use of these substances. Inflammation of the bladder, is a complication of chemotherapy or radiotherapy, are treated with analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Normally such inflammation passes after the end of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
In most cases, inflammation of the bladder can be managed with medication. Usually, treatment is given anti-inflammatory and anticholinergics, and antihistamines. Patients with more severe symptoms the doctor may prescribe anti-depressants or anti-epileptic drugs - they help to cope even with the severe pain.
Often, doctors prefer to use a combination of different drugs. During the course of treatment, patients should be screened regularly - this will allow the doctor to assess the effectiveness of therapy, and reduce the risk of side effects.
Gidrodistenziya or tensile bladder used for diagnosis and therapy of diseases that cause inflammation of the bladder such as interstitial cystitis
Cystitis: urgently take action
. While the patient is under general anesthesia, the surgeon fills the bladder with liquid, and leaves its walls stretched for two minutes. Thereafter, the bladder is emptied, and the procedure can be repeated several times. When you stretch the walls of the bladder are seen various consequences of inflammatory processes. During gidrodistenzii doctor may also perform sampling of mast cells for further analysis. Based on the test results can be diagnosed (or excluded) interstitial cystitis.
Gidrodistenziya often has a therapeutic effect - many people after this procedure comes improvement. Specialists there is no consensus about why this happens, but many people associate this effect with the procedure in that it increases the capacity of the bladder. Within 24-48 hours after gidrodistenzii inflammatory symptoms may temporarily worsen, but after two to four weeks the condition is completely normal. Long-term improvement occurs in 30% of patients who did gidrodistenziyu bladder.
For the treatment of inflammation of the bladder can be used under its stimulation of nerve endings walls weak electrical pulses. Implement stimulation can be either through the skin or through special implantable device. The technology using pulses which penetrate into the deeper tissues through the skin, called percutaneous electroneurostimulation (TENS). This technique involves electrical stimulation trigger points, which are located on the back, in the pubic region and perineum. Devices implementing the stimulation may also be administered in the vagina or anus. In typical cases, the patient undergoes a single session TENS a week. Stimulation of electrical pulses helps to strengthen the pelvic muscles responsible for bladder control, and causes secretion of substances that block pain signals.
In one embodiment, the method TENS electrical pulses transmitted through thin needles like the ones used for acupuncture. Needles are inserted into the skin on the tibia, and they stimulate tibial nerve which is associated with the bladder. The patient takes one half hour procedure once a week for six weeks.
One of the newest technologies for treating inflammation of the bladder - a sacral nerve stimulator implanted. Using this technique is carried out direct stimulation associated with the bladder nerves. The patient wears an external test stimulator for three weeks. If during this time a noticeable improvement made real stimulator implanted.
Surgery is used to treat inflammation of the bladder only when other therapies have been ineffective and the patient experiences pain, preventing him from living a normal life.
Fulguration and resection of ulcers
Fulguration - a cauterization ulcers with a laser and electrical impulses. When the tissue in the area, which worked laser beam or an electric pulse, begin to heal, the site of the ulcer are dead cells, which will eventually be replaced by new and healthy cells. Resection involves cutting ulcers from the walls of the bladder. Both of these procedures are carried out under general anesthesia. They are carried out using a cystoscope, and are minimally invasive surgical technique.
The increase in bladder
This type of surgery is to increase the bladder capacity. The surgeon removes part of the wall of the bladder, inflammation of the affected, leaving only healthy tissue. Then he cuts out a part of the colon of the patient, giving it the desired shape, and sew it to the remains of the bladder. As a result, the volume of the bladder is increased, but the majority of patients for emptying necessary to resort to catheterization. Painful symptoms of inflammation of the bladder after surgery does not disappear in all patients.
Removal of the bladder or cystectomy
Such an operation for the treatment of inflammation of the bladder is rarely used, and only in the most severe cases. After removal of the bladder using a variety of methods to redirect urine flow. This is a complex reconstructive surgery, which requires patience and a strong patient motivation. Only very experienced surgeons can correctly carry out such an operation. Complications cystectomy may be a kidney infection, obstruction of the small intestine and metabolic disorders in the body.
At home, the symptoms of inflammation of the bladder can be facilitated by the following means:
- Warmer. Sometimes heater applied to the lower abdomen, significantly reduces symptoms such as pain and a feeling of pressure;
- Drinking plenty of fluids. When inflammation of the urinary bladder is recommended to drink plenty of fluids, especially water and herbal teas. Before elimination of symptoms should avoid caffeine, citrus fruits and spicy foods;
- Bathtub seat with warm water for 15-20 minutes can significantly relieve symptoms of inflammation of the bladder.
Often inflammation of the bladder can not cope alone home treatments. However, if the disease is frequently renewed, be sure to contact your doctor - Only a specialist will be able to develop effective treatments that will prevent the development of repeated episodes of illness.