Infectious Prostatitis - is inflammation of the prostate gland that develops after the introduction of its tissue of infectious agents of bacterial, viral or fungal nature. It is often a complication of infectious prostatitis infections, sexually transmitted diseases.
Why and how to develop infectious prostatitis
Infectious prostatitis - an inflammation of the prostate (prostate) infectious nature can develop in different ways. The most common complication is inflammation of the prostate and not transferred dolechennoy (or no treatment), genital infections - gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, ureaplasma, mycoplasma, genital herpes, and so on. In this case, the inflammatory process is often very beginning with a chronic - disease is seamlessly with minimal symptoms.
It may be another mechanism of infectious prostatitis. The disease may start after a strong hypothermia due to lower immunity. In this case, the cause of prostatitis
Causes of prostatitis: it can lead to disease
usually a private opportunistic and pathogenic microflora living on the walls of the urethra - E. coli, Staphylococcus, Proteus and so on. Infectious agents in this case can be transferred to the blood or lymph from distant foci of infection. Prostatitis thus most often occurs in the form of an acute inflammatory process.
Contributing factors for the development of infectious prostatitis is stagnant processes in the prostate.
Stagnation of blood and lymph in the body leads to disruption of supply of tissues, cell metabolism and reduced local immunity. The stagnation in the prostate is usually the result of sedentary lifestyle, poor nutrition, constipation, age-related hormonal changes, prolonged sexual abstinence, and so on.
By the nature of the disease infectious prostatitis is divided into acute and chronic. And the nature of the changes in the prostate - by catarrhal (affecting prostate ducts), follicular (affecting the glandular tissue of the prostate) and parenchymatous (purulent inflammation of the prostate).
Symptoms of acute infectious prostatitis
Disease begins acutely, with a sharp rise in temperature, malaise, weakness, headache, pains in muscles and joints. At the same time a man, pain in the lumbosacral region, perineum and genitals. After some time there urination disorders associated with swelling of the prostate, which is in the way urine in the urethra (urethritis). Become frequent urination, urine is released a little while, there is a sense of overcrowding in the bladder. The urine is cloudy, it is often possible to see the blood of impurities.
Complications of acute prostatitis is a prostate abscess formation. This dramatically increases the temperature amplified perineal pain due to swelling of the prostate urination and defecation become impossible. Such a patient requires emergency medical care.
Symptoms of chronic infectious prostatitis
Chronic infectious prostatitis may be a consequence of untreated acute process, but can also develop initially. In the beginning of the disease for several months in urine and prostate juice can detect infectious agents, and then, in most cases, the process becomes not bacterial.
Initially, the disease is wiped out, almost imperceptibly. But gradually, as the increase in the volume of the prostate gland, symptoms of urination (urinary retention, persistent and painful urination), pain in the urethra and rectum, violations of the genital organs (pain during ejaculation, premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, lack of orgasm and so on).
Prolonged urinary organs function disorder leads to the development of neuroses, insomnia, a significant reduction in the quality of life of the patient.
Treatment of infectious prostatitis
Treatment of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis - the culprit bacteria
start immediately, without waiting for the results of the survey. The patient is recommended bed rest, drink plenty of liquids. Assign usually broad-spectrum antibiotics
Broad-spectrum antibiotics - not only treat but also cripple
, Which show sensitivity to the majority of agents of urinary tract infection. Such antibiotics include tetracyclines (e.g., doxycycline) and fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin). The course of treatment lasts for at least 10-14 days.
At the same time appointed antihistamines, diuretics (swelling of the prostate is removed), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, diclofenac - well snizhet temperature, relieves pain).
Treatment of chronic prostatitis is carried out strictly according to the survey. Appointed by antibiotics, which showed sensitivity to infectious agents. If pathogens have been identified, then antibiotics are not always prescribed. But recently, as a result of clinical studies have shown that antibiotics have a positive effect even in the absence of an infectious agent.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis
Chronic prostatitis - every man should know his signs
It should be comprehensive, so patients received drugs according to current treatment regimens of prostatitis.