- Warts in women - a tendency to frequent recurrence
Causes of viral infection
Warts in women - causes of this disease are not yet fully understood. However, it is known that the two main reasons - the introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV), and decreased immunity. If one of these factors is missing, the warts appear. What kind of a virus - HPV, which is infiltrating into the body, it remains there forever, causing disease only when lowered immunity?
Features of human papillomavirus
About genital warts or genital warts was known to Hippocrates. But on the human papilloma virus (HPV), humanity has learned relatively recently, in the 60s of the last century. Today, found that HPV - is one of the most common viruses, they are the majority of the adult population is infected. The prevalence of infections caused by them is increasing, as is evident, due to the deterioration of the environment, the frequent use of antibiotics, high neuro-mental stress and other factors that lead to decreased immunity.
Until a few decades ago it was thought that the main cause of cervical cancer is a herpes virus. Only at the end of the last century, it was found that the real "culprit" of cervical cancer is HPV. It was also found that there are many subtypes of HPV, some of which have low carcinogenic potential (ability to cause malignant tumors), and other high.
By subspecies (strain) with a low HPV carcinogenic potential are 6, 11, 42, 43 and 44. These subtypes cause exogenous growth (surface epithelium) warts. These are called genital warts - they rarely transformed into cancer (maligniziruyutsya).
Subspecies 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 68 cause the endogenous (oral tissue) growth of warts. These are called flat warts - they often cause changes in the basal layer of the epithelium. Such changes are called dysplasia - they can transform into cancer. And as flat warts often located on the cervix, it is believed that HPV is a cause of cervical cancer.
As transmitted warts in women - causes infection
The most common mode of transmission of HPV - sexual, but also the way home is not ruled out in close contact with the patient and using his laundry (eg towels). A feature of papilloma virus infection (PVI) is that it is practically impossible to determine exactly when a person infected with HPV, and from whom, as the virus after the introduction of "hiding" in the cells of the deeper layers of the skin or mucous membranes and causes disease only at lower immunity.
PVI treated only if there is any of its manifestations, as to remove the virus from the human body have not yet learned.
How are warts in women
HPV can long exist in the human body, does not prove itself. The appearance on the mucous membranes of the genital warts is usually associated with a decrease in immunity. Immunosuppression may develop a cold, any acute illness, exacerbation of chronic diseases, after surgeries, injuries, stress, hormonal changes in the background (including during pregnancy), and so on.
By reducing HPV immunity "come alive" and begins to move with the cell in which it is located, towards the outer layers of the epithelium. Once on the mucosal surface, it begins to multiply rapidly and "colonize" epithelial cells, making them hard to share - this process is very fast - primary warts can grow for several hours. Then the process may either stop or continue - warts grow, capture new areas of the skin or mucous membrane, fuse together, forming a "cockscomb" or conglomerates like cauliflower.
In addition to flat warts tend to malignancy giant genital warts, in the form of huge conglomerates (Buschke-Lowenstein tumor).
How is the diagnosis of genital warts
Genital warts have a very distinctive look, so the doctor can make a diagnosis based on the examination. It is difficult to make a diagnosis only when warts are just starting to grow and have the form of small nodules. In any case, to confirm the diagnosis carried out a study taken from the surface of the warts smear - polymerase chain reaction (PCR) revealed the DNA of the virus.
In addition, a study is mandatory for syphilis
Syphilis - punishment of Venus
(genital warts can be confused with large warts
Extensive warts - one of the many manifestations of syphilis
Which are a sign of secondary syphilis). Another mandatory analysis - HIV, since HPV infection develops with reduced immunity, and often accompanies AIDS.
In the presence in the cervix of flat warts
Flat warts - the most dangerous form
be sure to colposcopy
Colposcopy - how to prepare it properly?
(endoscopy, which allows to consider in detail the surface of the cervix and vaginal walls) during which a piece of tissue is taken for histological examination - identified cell changes induced by HPV.