Household syphilis - infection is quite real

February 1, 2014

 Household syphilis
 Household syphilis - an infection resulting from household contacts of a healthy person with syphilis. Domestic mode of transmission of syphilis is much rarer than sexual, however, become infected with syphilis by close contact with sick this infection is quite real.


Features causative agent of syphilis

The causative agent of syphilis - pale treponema is a microorganism spiral shape, which in large quantities can be found in the elements of the rash on the skin and mucous membranes of the patient's primary and secondary syphilis Secondary syphilis - can proceed unnoticed for several years  Secondary syphilis - can proceed unnoticed for several years

Stability of Treponema pallidum to external influences small. Household goods, it is viable to dry. In a moist environment can be maintained for several hours. Sensitive to high temperatures and absolutely insensitive to the poor. At a temperature of Treponema pallidum 40-42˚S activity first increases, and then it dies. At temperatures 55˚S not die within 15 minutes.


How is syphilis home

In most cases, syphilis is transmitted through sexual contact. Does the household by syphilis? Of course, it passed. Household syphilis is transmitted through the skin and mucous membranes, which are sores or microcracks. It is believed that through the intact skin syphilis is transmitted. The source of infection are skin elements, which contain a huge number of infectious agents. Especially patients with contagious skin elements, accompanied by the release of inflammatory content. Such isolation characteristic of primary and secondary syphilis.

The source of infection may be the hands of the patient with secretions from sores, objects that come into contact with such secretions. If affects the mucous membranes of the mouth and upper respiratory organs, the source of infection may be the saliva of the patient (eg, kissing), common kitchen utensils and so on. Domestic syphilis infection through close contact with the patient's real.


Household syphilis: symptoms

Household syphilis is characterized in that the primary element of it - is not a chancre on the genitals, and in the place of introduction into the skin or mucous membranes of the pathogen. And since the introduction of infection may occur anywhere on the skin or mucous membranes, the location of the chancre may be very different. This facial skin, legs, body, and mucous membranes, mainly oral cavity. Symptoms of syphilis also have domestic and similarities with signs of sexual syphilis chancre, and in fact, and in another case, developing the same, and 3-4 weeks after the onset of the disease in the patient's blood appear first syphilis antibodies to Treponema pallidum.

After the chancre regress, the skin is cleansed (but sometimes chancre remains), the skin of the limbs and trunk (at least - face and neck) appears polymorphic (diverse in character) rash. Most often it is a pale pink spots, but sometimes instead of spots appearing papules (round rash with swollen base) or pustules (pustules).

This period of the disease is most dangerous in terms of contracting. In the transition of secondary syphilis in the tertiary it becomes less contagious.

Tertiary Syphilis - punishment of Venus  Syphilis - punishment of Venus
   characterized by the fact that infectious agents is becoming very little - their main volume has destroyed the immune system. But while there is increased sensitivity of the organism to infectious agents. Elements of the rash appearing at this stage on the skin and mucous membranes, are the result of an allergic reaction and contain almost no pale treponem. Therefore, in this step of contracting the disease is virtually impossible.


How to make a correct diagnosis

Household syphilis has all the characteristics of the infection, so the diagnosis is to put a snap. However, the diagnosis is confirmed by several diagnostic tests. For example, using microscopy scraping with elements of an eruption, combined with serological reactions, to detect the presence of antibodies to syphilis.


How is syphilis home

Treatment of syphilis home is no different from the treatment of syphilis Treatment of syphilis - a laborious process  Treatment of syphilis - a laborious process
 Sexually transmitted. The first step is identified and examined all the household and sex of the patient, if necessary, all of them appointed by the preventive treatment.

Patients with syphilis household is assigned a comprehensive treatment of the patient, which includes antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?  Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
   penicillin, if necessary - bismuth preparations, immunomodulators, bracing means. If you have sores on the skin, the local treatment is appointed.

Syphilis - a disease that can be transmitted not only sexually but also through everyday.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • syphilis

Secondary syphilis - can proceed unnoticed for several years

February 2, 2014

 secondary syphilis
 Secondary syphilis - is the emergence of infectious agents (pale treponem) in the blood and control the body's defenses - immune system. This struggle is due to the alternation of recurrent infection with its total external disappearance without any treatment. But sooner or later treatment of syphilis go to the next stage - tertiary syphilis Tertiary syphilis - the final stage of the disease  Tertiary syphilis - the final stage of the disease


What happens in the body when secondary syphilis

Primary and secondary syphilis - a disease onset, when the body begins to form an infectious non-sterile immunity to infectious agents - Treponema pallidum.

With further development of the disease secondary and tertiary syphilis - a struggle immunity to infection, resulting in a tertiary period in the body is stored only small amounts of infectious agents and increased sensitivity to them tissues.

The secondary period of syphilis begins with the appearance in the blood of a large number of pathogens - is actually treponemal sepsis, accompanied by general malaise and sometimes fever (especially at night), weakness, headaches, pains in muscles and joints and other signs of intoxication in combination with abundant rashes on the skin and mucous membranes. This so-called secondary fresh syphilis, which can last several weeks.

During this time, the body produces antibodies to infectious agents that destroy most of the pale treponem. This leads to the fact that all the symptoms are - there comes a hidden or latent period of secondary syphilis.

But infectious agents once again begin to multiply, there comes a new aggravation - developing secondary recurrent syphilis, for which - it is an undulating course of the infection, in which relapses followed by periods of latency of the disease. Thus there is a constant "battle" between pathogen infection and immunity, which leads to the end of the secondary period of syphilis to the almost complete destruction of treponem and significant sensitization of the whole organism.


Secondary syphilis: symptoms

Signs of secondary syphilis sometimes appear with signs of primary syphilis - chancre.

In addition to general signs of intoxication secondary syphilis Syphilis - punishment of Venus  Syphilis - punishment of Venus
   characterized by the appearance of generalized (all over the body), rash.

The rash of secondary syphilis may be polymorphic (different) character. It may be light pink spotty (sometimes barely visible), rash, rash of reddish-bluish papules (swollen elevations on the skin), or in the form of pustules (pustules). The rash of pustules (pustular syphiloderm) is considered a negative factor - a sign of severe syphilis.

This secondary fresh syphilis is characterized by a small eruption abundant, is not prone to the merger. But the longer the disease recurs, the rash becomes larger, vague. The number of elements in recurrent syphilis rash is less than the open, but the lesions are larger, they tend to group in the form of rings, garlands and so on. Untreated secondary syphilis lasts 3-4 years and goes to tertiary syphilis.


Diagnosis of secondary syphilis

Diagnosis of secondary syphilis is made by medical examination and confirmed by laboratory tests. This absolutely does not give an accurate result, no analysis, so used, as a rule, several types of diagnostic tests. Be sure to take scrapings from the elements of an eruption or discharge from them - they can detect pathogens.

But the basis for the diagnosis of syphilis Diagnosis of syphilis - the necessary amount of diagnostic measures  Diagnosis of syphilis - the necessary amount of diagnostic measures
   are serological tests that use the mechanism of formation of antibodies to infectious agents and their interaction with specific antigens. These reactions include Wasserman (RW), the reaction microprecipitation with cardiolipin antigen - RPR (RMP - a modern version of the RW), enzyme immunoassay blood (IFA), the analysis of the reaction of passive hemagglutination (PHA), immunofluorescence (RIF), the reaction of blast transformation (RIBT).


Treatment of secondary syphilis

Treatment for syphilis is always carried out only after thorough laboratory examination and the establishment of an accurate diagnosis. The treatment process also takes place under laboratory control. Usually prescribed complex treatment of syphilis Treatment of syphilis - a laborious process  Treatment of syphilis - a laborious process
 , Which includes penicillin antibiotics, immunomodulators, vitamins and minerals, as well as drugs for the treatment of opportunistic diseases and foci of infection, which may contribute to a more severe and protracted course of syphilis.

Neither of which self-medication in syphilis is not out of the question, too heavy might be the consequences: the infection will hide and quietly destroy the patient's body.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • syphilis