- Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe
- Sexual mycoplasmosis
- Among women
Mycoplasma men - the danger of infertility
Mycoplasmas are of various kinds. Basically, they are representatives of conditionally pathogenic, ie cause disease under certain conditions. But there is a kind of pathogenic mycoplasmas, in most cases, it causes infectious-inflammatory processes that occur in men quietly. Therefore, not all sick time does not go to the doctor.
What types of mycoplasma can be detected in men
Mycoplasmas - microorganisms are small (smaller than bacteria, but more viruses) that contain the gene - a set of genes that convey hereditary characteristics. Mycoplasma, there are many, but the disease urinary organs in men produce mainly ureaplasma
This insidious ureaplasma - often too late
urealitikum, Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium
Mycoplasma genitalium - most of the pathogenic mycoplasmas
. The first two types are considered to be opportunistic, and Mycoplasma genitalium - pathogenic. The difference between opportunistic pathogenic microflora on is that the first can cause disease (mycoplasmosis) only under certain conditions, and the second ever.
Often at the same time detect mycoplasmas and other pathogens of sexual infections - gonorrhea, trichomonas, chlamydia
Chlamydia: insidious and widespread disease
and so on.
How is mycoplasmosis men
Mycoplasmosis is transmitted mainly through sexual contact. The incubation period (time from infection to the first signs of it) is an average of one to five weeks (mycoplasmosis is still poorly understood disease).
The disease begins with, mycoplasma penetrate the mucus layer of epithelial cells cover the male genitalia, attached to it by means of receptors and start to secrete substances that cause inflammation of the cells which leads to their destruction.
Symptoms depend on the type of pathogen and the general condition of the patient, including his immunity. Very often opportunistic species of mycoplasmas does not cause disease, they just live on the male genitals. Such a person can be a source of infection to a sexual partner. But if she has a good immune system, it also does not get sick.
But sometimes opportunistic mycoplasma and cause disease - mycoplasmosis, which often occurs erased a minimum manifestations: a small transient burning sensation during urination, and itching of the genitals. In the morning of the urethra may appear minor transparent allocation
Transparent allocation when they are normal?
. At sufficiently inflammatory process may appear nagging pain in the groin and back pain, inflammation of the scrotum and inguinal lymph nodes increase.
In men, inflammation often located in the foreskin and urethra. Began inflammation often spreads to the prostate gland (prostatitis), bladder (cystitis), kidney (pyelonephritis) and other pelvic organs.
Complication mycoplasma male infertility may be that develops against the backdrop of the defeat of the internal reproductive organs. In addition, mycoplasma capable of joining to the sperm by modifying their activity, which can also lead to infertility.
As confirmed diagnosis of mycoplasma in men
Mycoplasmosis men is confirmed by laboratory tests. Any species of mycoplasmas can be detected using the polymerase chain reaction (RCR), which determines the type of microorganism genome. To investigate the isolation and scrapings taken from the genitals.
Confirm the diagnosis of mycoplasma is also using immunofluorescence (AFA) - is determined by the presence of antibodies to the mycoplasma.
There are also crop nutrient discharges to the environment - in this way it is possible to identify any kind of mycoplasma, Mycoplasma genitalium except (it is too slow growing).
Identification opportunistic mycoplasmas forms in small quantities in the absence of symptoms of an infectious inflammatory process usually does not require treatment.
If there are signs of disease or are found pathogenic species of mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma genitalium), treatment is required to be appointed.
First of all prescribed antibiotics, which are sensitive mycoplasma - a group of antibiotics tetracycline and macrolides. Be sure to also prescribers restorative actions - they are required to activate the body's defenses. If necessary, appointed immunomodulators.
All treatment is under laboratory control. But the treatment does not guarantee that a man does not catch mycoplasmosis re - immunity to the disease hardly produced.
Mycoplasmosis men is mild, but can produce serious complications.