Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe - Men

December 8, 2012

  • Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe
  • Sexual mycoplasmosis
  • Among women
  • Men

 Mycoplasma men

Mycoplasma men - the danger of infertility

Mycoplasmas are of various kinds. Basically, they are representatives of conditionally pathogenic, ie cause disease under certain conditions. But there is a kind of pathogenic mycoplasmas, in most cases, it causes infectious-inflammatory processes that occur in men quietly. Therefore, not all sick time does not go to the doctor.

 Men | Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe

What types of mycoplasma can be detected in men

Mycoplasmas - microorganisms are small (smaller than bacteria, but more viruses) that contain the gene - a set of genes that convey hereditary characteristics. Mycoplasma, there are many, but the disease urinary organs in men produce mainly ureaplasma This insidious ureaplasma - often too late  This insidious ureaplasma - often too late
   urealitikum, Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium Mycoplasma genitalium - most of the pathogenic mycoplasmas  Mycoplasma genitalium - most of the pathogenic mycoplasmas
 . The first two types are considered to be opportunistic, and Mycoplasma genitalium - pathogenic. The difference between opportunistic pathogenic microflora on is that the first can cause disease (mycoplasmosis) only under certain conditions, and the second ever.

Often at the same time detect mycoplasmas and other pathogens of sexual infections - gonorrhea, trichomonas, chlamydia Chlamydia: insidious and widespread disease  Chlamydia: insidious and widespread disease
   and so on.

 Men | Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe

How is mycoplasmosis men

Mycoplasmosis is transmitted mainly through sexual contact. The incubation period (time from infection to the first signs of it) is an average of one to five weeks (mycoplasmosis is still poorly understood disease).

The disease begins with, mycoplasma penetrate the mucus layer of epithelial cells cover the male genitalia, attached to it by means of receptors and start to secrete substances that cause inflammation of the cells which leads to their destruction.

Symptoms depend on the type of pathogen and the general condition of the patient, including his immunity. Very often opportunistic species of mycoplasmas does not cause disease, they just live on the male genitals. Such a person can be a source of infection to a sexual partner. But if she has a good immune system, it also does not get sick.

But sometimes opportunistic mycoplasma and cause disease - mycoplasmosis, which often occurs erased a minimum manifestations: a small transient burning sensation during urination, and itching of the genitals. In the morning of the urethra may appear minor transparent allocation Transparent allocation when they are normal?  Transparent allocation when they are normal?
 . At sufficiently inflammatory process may appear nagging pain in the groin and back pain, inflammation of the scrotum and inguinal lymph nodes increase.

In men, inflammation often located in the foreskin and urethra. Began inflammation often spreads to the prostate gland (prostatitis), bladder (cystitis), kidney (pyelonephritis) and other pelvic organs.

Complication mycoplasma male infertility may be that develops against the backdrop of the defeat of the internal reproductive organs. In addition, mycoplasma capable of joining to the sperm by modifying their activity, which can also lead to infertility.

 Men | Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe

As confirmed diagnosis of mycoplasma in men

Mycoplasmosis men is confirmed by laboratory tests. Any species of mycoplasmas can be detected using the polymerase chain reaction (RCR), which determines the type of microorganism genome. To investigate the isolation and scrapings taken from the genitals.

Confirm the diagnosis of mycoplasma is also using immunofluorescence (AFA) - is determined by the presence of antibodies to the mycoplasma.

There are also crop nutrient discharges to the environment - in this way it is possible to identify any kind of mycoplasma, Mycoplasma genitalium except (it is too slow growing).

 Men | Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe


Identification opportunistic mycoplasmas forms in small quantities in the absence of symptoms of an infectious inflammatory process usually does not require treatment.

If there are signs of disease or are found pathogenic species of mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma genitalium), treatment is required to be appointed.

First of all prescribed antibiotics, which are sensitive mycoplasma - a group of antibiotics tetracycline and macrolides. Be sure to also prescribers restorative actions - they are required to activate the body's defenses. If necessary, appointed immunomodulators.

All treatment is under laboratory control. But the treatment does not guarantee that a man does not catch mycoplasmosis re - immunity to the disease hardly produced.

Mycoplasmosis men is mild, but can produce serious complications.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • mycoplasmosis

Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe - Sexual mycoplasmosis

December 8, 2012

  • Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe
  • Sexual mycoplasmosis
  • Among women
  • Men

 genital mycoplasmosis

Sexual mycoplasmosis

A special feature is the lack of solid mycoplasma cell membranes, organelles limiting microorganism. Border and protective functions are performed by cytoplasmic membrane. That is why many experts believe that mycoplasma can not live independently in the environment, but only parasitize the human or animal body, otherwise the weak protection against external aggressive factors will certainly lead to their death. According to other authors, it is not so. As evidence, they cite information on the facts of the detection of mycoplasma in the soil, and even in geysers.

Mycoplasma are human pathogenic microorganisms that can cause specific diseases of the sexual sphere - mycoplasmosis. In modern microbiology is known about fifty species of these microorganisms, however mycoplasma pathogens can only be four of them. And often coexist with human pathogens without showing any clinical symptoms and are activated only when the immune system is weakened The immune system - how it works?  The immune system - how it works?
 That may occur after an illness at a constant stress load at peremerzanii and so on. Another risk factor for mycoplasma is pregnancy. The source of infection with the mycoplasmosis Mycoplasmosis - infection does not always equal disease  Mycoplasmosis - infection does not always equal disease
   a sick man, and the main route of transmission - sexual (in rare cases, infection can occur by household).

The incubation period is from three days to five weeks, an average of 15-20 days. The main clinical symptoms are characterized by pain or a burning sensation or itching of the vulva. These feelings become stronger when urinating and during sexual intercourse (sometimes a few minutes after sexual intercourse). Furthermore, for specific diseases are characterized from the genital tract, low-grade fever and frequent colds, which only confirms immunosuppression.

Mycoplasmosis very dangerous for its severe complications, which are included in the list of male and female infertility Female infertility - whether all known to science?  Female infertility - whether all known to science?
 , Abortions, intrauterine fetal death, various diseases of the male and female genitalia.

The correct diagnosis when mycoplasmosis is very difficult due to nonspecific symptomatic picture and the microscopic dimensions of the pathogen. Nevertheless, mycoplasma can be grown in special nutrient broth. There is a more accurate method for determining microorganism: using the polymerase chain reaction. This laboratory study based on molecular diagnostics of individual sections of DNA and a high-precision method for identifying a microorganism. Unfortunately, it complicates diagnosis and the high proportion of asymptomatic disease. For this reason, the definition of mycoplasma is often possible only in the later stages, when treatment is very difficult and requires a lot of patience and patient exposure.

Therapy mycoplasma complicated by the high resistance of the microorganism to the main antibiotics - antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?  Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
   and sulfonamides. Thus, despite the poor survival of mycoplasma in the environment, no hard cell wall makes microbe certain advantages over agents that have a shell. The fact that the mechanism of action of antibiotics penicillin groups - one of the most common antibacterial agents - is based on the adverse effect on the microorganisms for some cell wall structure. If no cell wall, there is no effect of these antibiotics. Therefore, for the treatment of mycoplasma applied tetracyclines and macrolides. A great therapeutic importance as physiotherapy, light diet, and strengthening the immune system.