Removal of warts can be performed using different techniques. The volume of transactions could also be different. It depends on the kind of warts and on how to change the mucosa on which it is located - the extent of such changes can only be identified by means of histological investigations.
How are genital warts removal of different kinds
Warts can be pointed and flat. And those and others are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), but its various subspecies. Genital warts tend to a significant widening, but rarely enough maligniziruyutsya - transformed into a malignant tumor. Diagnosis of genital warts is not difficult, it can be done even on the basis of one survey, but require other tests.
Flat warts are located inside the mucous membrane, nor do they grow outward and inward. Favourite localization of flat warts is the cervix. Flat warts are often maligniziruyutsya and therefore more dangerous, than pointed. Notice flat warts
Flat warts - the most dangerous form
during the inspection difficult. However, an experienced doctor as mucous membranes may suspect its presence. In this case, it is sure to colposcopy
Colposcopy - how to prepare it properly?
(study of the walls of the vagina and cervix using a special optical equipment) and the material is taken for cytology (smear) and histological (piece of cloth) study.
Laboratory studies reveal the degree of change in the basal cells of the epithelium. They can not be altered, modified slightly, to be different to other cells (atypical) or be a malignant tumor cells
Malignant tumor: cells are mad
Warts are removed by various methods, but the scope of operation will depend on laboratory data. If changes in the epithelial cells are absent or minimal, remove warts and adjacent portions of the epithelium. In identifying epithelial cells in significant changes removed vast areas of the mucous membrane - it is considered a precancerous condition. All removed tissue is sent for histological examination.
But if the cancer cells are found, the woman sent to the Oncology Center and in the treatment is carried out in accordance with the methods of treatment of malignant tumors.
The most effective and safe disposal methods
The most effective and safe method for the removal of warts is a radiosurgical technique. It consists in the removal of warts using radionozha (Surgitron apparatus). Radionozh remove abnormal tissue without touching them - there is evaporation of cells without affecting the healthy tissues. Method efficient, fast and painless. Bleeding in its application does not happen, because the vessels cauterized. Wound healing is quick and painless, scar remains.
Removing warts with a laser is also effective, some doctors prefer to use just this method, a laser knife, you can remove all the abnormal foci to the desired depth, leaving no scars.
Both methods are ideally suited for precise removal of abnormal areas of the epithelium in the precancerous diseases.
What other methods of removing warts apply
To remove warts is often applied cryosurgery - destruction of abnormal tissue cold. It usually uses liquid nitrogen. This method is effective only when there is no change in the basal cells of the epithelium, as has an impact surface. Suitable for removal of small genital warts on the mucous membrane of the external genitalia. To remove warts on the cervix to apply it is not necessary. Wound healing after application of cryoablation can be painful.
Removing warts with a scalpel is performed mainly in the field of cervical cancer in detecting significant pathology (dysplasia) in the cells of the basal epithelium. Effective method, but not gentle, after the cervix remain scar, which can lead to its deformation. In the future, this may make it difficult labor. The advantage of the method is that it can not completely save the removal of tissue for histological examination.
This method, like electrocoagulation, now rarely used, as has elevated traumatic and painful. Wound healing after the application is long, the scars remain.
Chemical coagulation warts - used for this purpose such drugs as Solkovagina
Solkovagina - help with cervical lesions
and kondilin causing superficial necrosis and scab formation, after which there is a healing wound, sometimes with scarring.
Whichever method of removing warts has not been applied, the amount of surgery depends on the data of histological examination.