Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe - Women

December 8, 2012

  • Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe
  • Sexual mycoplasmosis
  • Among women
  • Men

 mycoplasma in women

Mycoplasma women - often causes inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs

There are many species of mycoplasmas, but diseases of the female genital organs usually cause three types: Mycoplasma genitalium Mycoplasma genitalium - most of the pathogenic mycoplasmas  Mycoplasma genitalium - most of the pathogenic mycoplasmas
 , Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealitikum Ureaplasma urealitikum - kind of mycoplasmas causing ureaplasmosis  Ureaplasma urealitikum - kind of mycoplasmas causing ureaplasmosis
 . Fully mycoplasma role in the development of infectious and inflammatory diseases of female genital mutilation is still unclear.

 Women | Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe

Types of mycoplasmas which cause diseases of the female genital organs

Mycoplasma - is a microorganism smaller sizes of less bacteria and more viruses. Inside mycoplasma is a set of genes - the genome. The very first view of mycoplasma isolated from the genital organs in 1937, was Mycoplasma hominis. It was found that this type of mycoplasma is often detected in clinically healthy individuals, as well as causing erased form of the disease.

In 1954 it revealed another kind of Mycoplasma - Ureaplasma This insidious ureaplasma - often too late  This insidious ureaplasma - often too late
   urealitikum, which is also often the cause of inflammatory processes of female genital mutilation.

Finally, in 1981, it opened another kind of microorganisms - Mycoplasma genitalium, which is today considered the most pathogenic, as rarely causes erased form of the disease and almost always transmitted to sexual partners.

Since mycoplasmas are difficult to see under a microscope, they usually identify it in the genome by polymerase chain reaction - PCR. To detect Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma urealitikum crops are also used in the culture media. Additionally, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) may identify antibodies mycoplasma that helps establish disease duration.

 Women | Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe

What diseases are caused by mycoplasma in women

Mycoplasma usually cause latent or indolent inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs (pelvic inflammatory disease), as well as the external genitalia - vaginitis and cervicitis. Diseases caused by mycoplasma, called mycoplasmosis.

Depending on the species of mycoplasmas, these diseases can manifest more of less severe symptoms. All of them are prone to long duration and constant recurrence. At present, established involvement of various species of mycoplasma in the formation of female infertility.

It was also established that all species of mycoplasmas reduce local immune tissues of urogenital organs and contribute to the implementation of other infections, including viral (eg, HIV infection). Often inflammation caused by a number of infectious agents, while mycoplasma perfectly cohabit with infectious agents of bacterial, viral, fungal origin. as well as protozoa.

Women infected mycoplasmoses mainly sexually, but not eliminated, and household way of infection of girls and young women by close contact (eg family) through linen and personal hygiene items.

Infection contribute to non-compliance with personal hygiene, use of hormonal contraceptives, intrauterine contraception and pregnancy.

 Women | Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe

How does mycoplasmosis women

The incubation period (time from infection until the first signs of the disease) is according to various estimates from three days to two months. This acute form of the disease have a shorter incubation period compared with subacute and chronic forms.

Mycoplasmosis women usually begins with the external genitals and the urethra, and then proceeds to testes and kidneys.

The lesions of the external genitalia and the urethra (urethritis) is usually manifested in the form of a small and short, and itching of minor discharge from the genital tract and urethra. In most cases, it goes on their own without any treatment, and women do not seek medical attention.

But the disease does not stop, it usually passes or asymptomatic and women infect their sexual partners, or inflammation gradually spreads to the internal reproductive organs (uterus and its appendages - fallopian tubes and ovaries) and the development of kidney inflammation smoldering.

Most of these inflammatory processes are long, did not show themselves and are identified in the survey process for infertility or any violation of the kidneys and urinary tract.

 Women | Mycoplasma - the smallest microbe

How is mycoplasmosis women

For the treatment of mycoplasmosis Mycoplasmosis - infection does not always equal disease  Mycoplasmosis - infection does not always equal disease
   women used antibiotics, which revealed the sensitivity of mycoplasma - a tetracycline antibiotics and macrolides. Today it is considered. What is most sensitive to azithromycin mycoplasma exhibit (Sumamed). At the same time appointed longer treatment regimens than those specified in the instructions, since mycoplasma are prone to long-term growth.

In addition, prescribed drugs that strengthen the immune system and the local anti-inflammatory treatment in the presence of external symptoms of urinary organs.

Mycoplasmosis in women is often caused by long flowing inflammatory processes.

Genital infections - which are the most dangerous? - Pathogens

April 23, 2009

  • Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?
  • Pathogens

What diseases are related to genital infections

Genital infection - a disease caused by spread from person to person through sexual contact. These include, first of all, the so-called sexually transmitted diseases - syphilis Syphilis - punishment of Venus  Syphilis - punishment of Venus
 , Gonorrhea, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, and granuloma venereum. To combat these diseases in addition to medical and even taken legal action in the form of compulsory treatment, criminal liability for infecting another person and so on. The causative agents of sexually transmitted diseases, are generally very unstable in the environment.

Recently, in medicine often uses the term "infections, sexually transmitted infections" (STI), this includes a large group of infections, both bacterial and viral origin. In addition to sexually transmitted diseases STD diseases such as chlamydia are, ureaplasmosis Ureaplasmosis - inflammation of the urogenital system  Ureaplasmosis - inflammation of the urogenital system
 , Mycoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, genital herpes, human papilloma virus, HIV.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

Venereal diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases have long been known, their control is conducted by all available means, however, such sexually transmitted diseases as gonorrhea Gonorrhea - self-ruled  Gonorrhea - self-ruled
   and syphilis in recent years received a significant spread. Advanced cases of syphilis produce numerous complications of all organs and body systems, especially the severely affected the central nervous system. A woman with syphilis can have a baby with a congenital form of the disease.

Latent cases of gonorrhea (most often they are found in women) cause inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs and persistent infertility.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

Simple as causative agents of genital infections

A typical representative of this type of infection is trichomoniasis, which is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis - single-celled protozoa that can exist not only within the human body, but also outside it. Feeding occurs by absorption of Trichomonas cells, including bacteria (e.g., Neisseria gonorrhoeae) that can long maintain its viability in trichomonads. This explains the numerous relapses (exacerbation of the disease) gonorrhea when combined it with trichomoniasis.

Undertreated or incorrectly treated trichomoniasis is causing long flowing pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

"New" sexual infections

Due to the fact that medicine has learned to identify an increasing number of infectious agents, it turned out that in the genital tract for a long time, there are human pathogens that are found in the "dormant" state. These intracellular pathogens include bacteria and viruses.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

Intracellular pathogens of sexual infections

For intracellular pathogens of sexual infections are chlamydia, ureaplasma, mycoplasma and some other pathogens. Infection is introduced into the cells of the mucous membrane of urinary organs, breaks its ability to phagocytosis (phagocytosis - "devouring" cells, bacteria) in the future is already freely propagated. The infection mainly affects the genitourinary system, but sometimes goes to other organs: respiratory tract, eyes. Reproduction of microorganisms can be enhanced under the influence of female hormones, so these infections are more common in women of childbearing age. Infection by intracellular pathogens, often the cause of infertility and miscarriage.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

Viral genital infections

Typical representatives of viral sexually transmitted infections are genital herpes, papillomatosis and HIV. These infections occur usually at lower immunity. For example, the herpes virus can be prolonged in the human body, without causing disease. But with lowered immunity, for example, against the common cold or exacerbation of chronic diseases, there are typical lesions on the genitals. Thus there is a further decline in immunity and the disease takes a protracted recurrent (with frequent exacerbations) character. All genital virus infections are dangerous because by reducing immunity "open access" in the human body of any other infection. It is known that HIV infection is not a person is killed by the virus, and joined by the infection.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

Prevention of sexually transmitted infections

Prevention of any infections, sexually transmitted infections - a sex life with one partner. At the slightest suspicion of infection, seek medical advice and carefully examined, while not forgetting that both partners should be treated, otherwise re-infection is possible. Prevention is the use of barrier methods of contraception (condoms, impervious to viruses labeled "Anti-AIDS"). If a lot of sexual partners, it must be periodically examined by a dermatologist.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

Symptoms of genital infections

Genital infections can lead to various complications if they are not treated in time. Often in the early stages of these diseases have no symptoms, or they are so small that people do not pay attention to them. This increases the likelihood of serious complications in the future. For this reason, it is essential to mark any changes in their body - they can talk about the disease.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

Genital secretions

It - one of the most common symptoms of genital infections, which often pay attention. Unusual secretion from the penis or vagina to change the color, consistency or odor, is a cause for immediate treatment to the doctor.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?


Pain or burning during urination are often signs of STDs, especially chlamydia and gonorrhea. However, this symptom is often mistaken for a sign of a urinary tract infection; in any case, you need as soon as possible to talk to your doctor.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?


Skin rash in the genital infections usually appear when the disease has already passed the initial stage of development, although sometimes painless sores on the genitals occur within a few days after infection. Even after a few days they are in most cases disappear without treatment, but can not be ignored. Despite the disappearance of the external symptoms, the disease progresses further and its following symptoms that you notice are much more serious.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?


Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases are: pain when urinating, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
   and pain during intercourse. These symptoms can occur in both women and men. If you notice you have such signs of infection, refrain from sex at least until such time until you pass a medical examination.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?


Because heat can be many reasons for this symptom, usually pay little attention. In most cases, people attribute a fever of colds and take an antipyretic or treated folk methods. However, if you have the slightest suspicion that you might catch an STD, you should be screened at least in order to make sure that you are healthy.

 Pathogens | Genital infections - which are the most dangerous?

Dangerous or fatal disease

Ignore the symptoms of sexually transmitted infections is extremely dangerous. For example, even today, it is not always possible to save patients with syphilis to seek help in the later stages of the disease. Chlamydia that is not treated in time, can cause infertility in both men and women.

HIV, for which the human body becomes susceptible to various diseases in the early stages often has no symptoms. Therefore, if you are sexually active, regular medical examination - the only way you can protect yourself and those you love.

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  • genital infections