Herpes type 2 is also widespread. Moreover, the incidence of herpes infection, herpes simplex virus type 2, is increasing and it is of great concern by the World Health Organization (WHO), as the herpes virus belongs to the TORCH infections - diseases caused severe malformations in the fetus.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 - as they can be caught
Herpes simplex virus
Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
Type 2 (HPV-2 or herpes second type) in contrast to HPV-1 is transmitted primarily through sexual contact. Therefore, the infection usually occurs with the onset of sexual activity, which coincides with adolescence.
Just like other types of herpesvirus, HSV-2 in one hanging his body remains there permanently. If a person has good immunity, he may not even notice the infection, and with a decrease in immunity can develop recurrent herpes. Often, it is developing and primary herpes infection. There is usually a few days after exposure (the incubation period can last up to three weeks).
Herpes simplex in children
Herpes in children - less than in adults
Type 2 is rare for them is more typical of infection with HSV-1, with the defeat of the lips, oral mucosa and throat. However, to eliminate child transmission of HSV-2 can not be, especially if he is sleeping in the same bed with an adult person who has herpes. Herpes type 2, a child may develop after infection from a patient labial herpes, in the event that it is not caused by HSV-1 and HSV-2.
Herpes type 2: Symptoms
Primary herpetic infection caused by HSV-2, more severe and prolonged than subsequent recurrences. The disease can start with a small rise in temperature, general malaise, headache. Against this background, the mucous membranes and the skin of the genitals, as well as the crotch and inner thigh areas appear redness and swelling
Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
Within a few hours or days the swelling increases, followed by swelling of tissues appear groups of small vesicles that can fuse together to form larger bubbles. Bubbles burst rather quickly, becoming very painful erosions and ulcers. The skin sores within a few days are covered with crusts, after the falling away of which on the skin, as a rule, there is nothing left. But sometimes it can be dark or discolored spots that disappear in a few weeks. Crusts on the mucous membranes does not happen, but there usually is not any changes. Primary herpes lasts two to three weeks.
Recurrences of genital herpes occur most frequently during the first year after infection, and then they gradually become less frequent and prolonged. Relapse occurs more easily than the primary herpes and lasts about 10 days.
How dangerous genital herpes
Long flowing untreated genital herpes with frequent relapses can go to the internal reproductive organs and cause inflammation. Which sooner or later lead to sexual dysfunction in men and women, including infertility.
But the most dangerous primary herpes in pregnant women. During the initial contact with HSV-2 in the body of a pregnant woman with no antibodies to the pathogen infection, herpes virus can penetrate to the fetus, causing his death in the early stages and severe malformations in later.
Recurrences of herpes in a woman who was infected before pregnancy, and she has managed to form immunity to infection, less dangerous - as a rule, the immune system does not allow penetration of HSV-2 to the fetus. But in any case there is a risk of infection of the child during childbirth as it passes through the birth canal. In this case the infection in a newborn baby takes a very heavy and has a generalized character.
Herpes simplex type 2: Treatment
How to treat herpes type 2? Second type of herpes - treatment should be complex. For the treatment of this disease are applied anti-viral drugs. It is particularly important and timely appointment of adequate treatment for primary herpes. Properly prescribed treatment can permanently suppress the manifestations of infection.
Genital herpes is the herpes virus type 2, the treatment of this disease is carried out mainly by means of three antivirals for systemic effects - acyclovir
Acyclovir - as it is safe?
, Valacyclovir (Valtrex) and famciclovir (Famvir). The most advanced drug in this group is Famvir. The dose and duration of use of any antiviral drug is determined by the doctor individually. Assign as immunomodulatory agents in common action, mainly on the basis of interferons.
Typically prescribed treatment and local - in the form of creams and gels with antiviral and immunomodulatory effects.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 causes genital infections, which can cause serious complications during pregnancy.