Herpes type 2 - the causative agent of genital herpes

January 21, 2014

 Herpes type 2
 Herpes type 2 is also widespread. Moreover, the incidence of herpes infection, herpes simplex virus type 2, is increasing and it is of great concern by the World Health Organization (WHO), as the herpes virus belongs to the TORCH infections - diseases caused severe malformations in the fetus.


Herpes simplex virus type 2 - as they can be caught

Herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple  Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
   Type 2 (HPV-2 or herpes second type) in contrast to HPV-1 is transmitted primarily through sexual contact. Therefore, the infection usually occurs with the onset of sexual activity, which coincides with adolescence.

Just like other types of herpesvirus, HSV-2 in one hanging his body remains there permanently. If a person has good immunity, he may not even notice the infection, and with a decrease in immunity can develop recurrent herpes. Often, it is developing and primary herpes infection. There is usually a few days after exposure (the incubation period can last up to three weeks).

Herpes simplex in children Herpes in children - less than in adults  Herpes in children - less than in adults
   Type 2 is rare for them is more typical of infection with HSV-1, with the defeat of the lips, oral mucosa and throat. However, to eliminate child transmission of HSV-2 can not be, especially if he is sleeping in the same bed with an adult person who has herpes. Herpes type 2, a child may develop after infection from a patient labial herpes, in the event that it is not caused by HSV-1 and HSV-2.


Herpes type 2: Symptoms

Primary herpetic infection caused by HSV-2, more severe and prolonged than subsequent recurrences. The disease can start with a small rise in temperature, general malaise, headache. Against this background, the mucous membranes and the skin of the genitals, as well as the crotch and inner thigh areas appear redness and swelling Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause  Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause

Within a few hours or days the swelling increases, followed by swelling of tissues appear groups of small vesicles that can fuse together to form larger bubbles. Bubbles burst rather quickly, becoming very painful erosions and ulcers. The skin sores within a few days are covered with crusts, after the falling away of which on the skin, as a rule, there is nothing left. But sometimes it can be dark or discolored spots that disappear in a few weeks. Crusts on the mucous membranes does not happen, but there usually is not any changes. Primary herpes lasts two to three weeks.

Recurrences of genital herpes occur most frequently during the first year after infection, and then they gradually become less frequent and prolonged. Relapse occurs more easily than the primary herpes and lasts about 10 days.


How dangerous genital herpes

Long flowing untreated genital herpes with frequent relapses can go to the internal reproductive organs and cause inflammation. Which sooner or later lead to sexual dysfunction in men and women, including infertility.

But the most dangerous primary herpes in pregnant women. During the initial contact with HSV-2 in the body of a pregnant woman with no antibodies to the pathogen infection, herpes virus can penetrate to the fetus, causing his death in the early stages and severe malformations in later.

Recurrences of herpes in a woman who was infected before pregnancy, and she has managed to form immunity to infection, less dangerous - as a rule, the immune system does not allow penetration of HSV-2 to the fetus. But in any case there is a risk of infection of the child during childbirth as it passes through the birth canal. In this case the infection in a newborn baby takes a very heavy and has a generalized character.


Herpes simplex type 2: Treatment

How to treat herpes type 2? Second type of herpes - treatment should be complex. For the treatment of this disease are applied anti-viral drugs. It is particularly important and timely appointment of adequate treatment for primary herpes. Properly prescribed treatment can permanently suppress the manifestations of infection.

Genital herpes is the herpes virus type 2, the treatment of this disease is carried out mainly by means of three antivirals for systemic effects - acyclovir Acyclovir - as it is safe?  Acyclovir - as it is safe?
 , Valacyclovir (Valtrex) and famciclovir (Famvir). The most advanced drug in this group is Famvir. The dose and duration of use of any antiviral drug is determined by the doctor individually. Assign as immunomodulatory agents in common action, mainly on the basis of interferons.

Typically prescribed treatment and local - in the form of creams and gels with antiviral and immunomodulatory effects.

Herpes simplex virus type 2 causes genital infections, which can cause serious complications during pregnancy.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • types of herpes

Herpes throat - severe infection

January 26, 2014

 Herpes throat
 Herpes throat or herpangina often develops in young children during the initial introduction into the body of herpes simplex virus type 1 Herpes Type 1 - is rarely a significant threat to human  Herpes Type 1 - is rarely a significant threat to human
 . Leaking such infection may seriously. In the future, with recurrent herpes disease manifests itself in the form of herpes on the lips.


Causes of herpes throat

Herpes in the throat is often the result of primary introduction to the baby herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple  Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
   Type 1 (HSV-1) - the pathogen that causes adult "cold" on the lips. HSV-1 is extremely common in the environment and the adult population is infected with it almost completely except for a small percentage of people, for whatever reason (it is currently not possible to reveal) immune to this virus.

Children under one year rarely get sick herpes, as they in utero and through breast milk transferred maternal antibodies to HSV-1. Gradually, however, this immunity is reduced to three years and disappears. Therefore initial introduction into the body of HSV-1 usually occurs in age from three to seven, settled in this case the herpes virus in the throat. Students almost all infected with the virus.

Many children primary infection with HSV-1 is seamless - a virus enters the body and hides in the nerve ganglia, are inactive. In the future, with a decrease in immunity, he may give in the form of recurrent infection herpes sores on the lips.

But it also happens that the initial implementation of HSV-1 in the body of the child takes place in the form of severe disease - angina herpes or herpetic stomatitis. The subsequent recurrences tend to occur easily in the form of Herpes on the lips.



Herpes in a child's throat may cause an acute inflammatory process, which begins with high fever. The temperature can be maintained at all times during the appearance of lesions in the throat and usually gets off with great difficulty.

Developing the disease suddenly among full health, the temperature rises to 39-40˚S, aching muscles and joints. Sore throat may not appear immediately, but after a few hours. In the region of the throat and palate appear small rash with blisters. The contents of the bubbles can be colorless, but more often it is a hemorrhagic (bloody) character. Bubbles disposed mucosal not shed groups and individually. The mucous membrane at the same reddened and swollen.

The general condition of the child at herpangina can be difficult for children who have suffered trauma during childbirth and is prone to seizures, convulsions is almost always accompanied by a sharp rise in temperature.

The child may complain of severe pain in the throat, sometimes the infection spreads to the mucous membrane of the mouth and sore throat joins stomatitis that weigh down the child's condition. With the emergence of new elements in the throat of the rash, the temperature of the child increases. The disease is rarely lasts less than two weeks, then the temperature drops and the child recovers.

Herpangina may be complicated by the addition of a bacterial infection (especially if the child has a permanent source of infection - chronic tonsillitis Chronic tonsillitis - inflammation of the tonsils  Chronic tonsillitis - inflammation of the tonsils
 , Otitis media, sinusitis and so on), and then there is pus in the throat. Purulent tonsillitis accompanied by a new rise in temperature. Enough rare complications such as the spread of herpes infections in the skin, ear and eye area, where the infection may spread to the membranes and brain tissue.


Treatment of herpes sore throats in children

How to treat a cold sore throat? Treatment of herpes throat must start with bed rest, drink plenty of warm and call a doctor at home. Only a doctor can prescribe treatment for herpangina Herpangina - a mild form of the disease  Herpangina - a mild form of the disease
 . He will observe the child in the case of complications take the necessary measures.

In mild to moderate disease course of administering antivirals is generally not required. Appointed as a symptomatic treatment and antipyretic analgesics - Nurofen, paracetamol ibuklina and so on. Parents should know that children and young people today do not prescribe aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) - the most common antipyretic in the past.

In recent years it has been established that aspirin viral diseases may cause serious, sometimes fatal brain lesions, and liver.

The throat can rinse any antiseptics - infusions herbs (chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort), 2% solution of baking soda (a teaspoon per cup of water) to irrigate miramistinom. Zev can be lubricated with an aqueous solution of methylene blue or Vinylinum.

In severe herpetic angina appointed systemic antiviral treatment (usually acyclovir) or a child is hospitalized.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Herpes Body