- Intestinal flu - rotavirus which affects the intestinal tract
- How does
How does intestinal flu
The intestinal flu is caused by rotaviruses that infect the gastrointestinal tract, and (like most viruses), upper respiratory tract. Rotavirus is widespread in the environment, they are not afraid of bleach, so for the prevention of the infection you should drink only boiled water.
The virus quickly spread from person to person with dirty hands, through everyday objects, sneezing, coughing, runny nose. Very often seriously ill and young children. Most intestinal flu outbreaks occur during a flu epidemic, in connection with which there was a name "intestinal flu".
When are all manifestations of intestinal flu, the virus did not immediately leave the human body, man is a carrier of infection for at least two weeks. After intestinal flu for some time retained immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
to the disease. But in order to become a strong immune system, intestinal flu
Influenza - expect the unexpected but always
you need to recover a few times that happens with almost all the adults who have borne the infection often erased form.
On what grounds can detect intestinal flu
Intestinal flu begins acutely, often in a day (but not more than 5 days) after exposure of rotavirus gastro-intestinal tract. The child high fever, vomiting, appears first, followed by diarrhea, stomach aches and swells. If the disease is not very severe, and vomiting is observed in more than 5 times a day, and diarrhea - no more than 10 times, the child is usually treated at home. The intestinal flu is also accompanied by a slight catarrhal symptoms of the upper respiratory tract - coughing, sneezing and runny nose. Catarrhal symptoms sometimes begin in a few hours before the vomiting and diarrhea
Diarrhea (diarrhea) - a familiar nuisance
And sometimes in conjunction with them. Ongoing acute illness to a week, and sometimes more, then the body is gradually restoring its function for about four days.
Danger are frequent vomiting and diarrhea which leads to dehydration - exsicosis. This is very dangerous because it can cause a violation of water-salt balance in the body of the child and his death. The child, who began exsicosis, easily recognizable by their appearance: it sluggish, confusion, all the time asking to drink, face opavshee, especially noticeable in the area of the eyes, facial features sharpened. Child with exsicosis can not leave the house - it should be immediately hospitalized.
How can you identify the intestinal flu
It is quite difficult, because you can only detect rotavirus based virology laboratory, equipped with an electron microscope. In addition, possible to detect antibodies in blood of patients
Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity
in rotavirus. Such studies are usually conducted at a mass disease, in rare cases, limited to the standard formulation of the diagnosis "intestinal infection", but it does not affect the treatment as any special treatment of rotavirus infection is not developed.
Treatment and prevention of intestinal flu
In severe disease in the first day or two appointed by starvation with abundant fractional (by teaspoonful) drinking or intravenous drip of saline solutions and blood substitutes. After the vomiting and diarrhea stop, designate sparing diet of pureed cooked dishes (vegetable soups, porridge on the water) and a large amount of liquid (apple juice, weak tea). If the disease is not very difficult for the child hunger enough to hold a few hours.
Special treatment of rotavirus infection does not exist. At high temperatures prescribed antipyretics to combat dehydration and toxicity are introduced different solutions, supported by the work of the cardiovascular system, impaired under intoksikatstii. To maximize the removal of toxic substances from the intestines into the patients received medications - adsorbents (activated charcoal, smectite), which is deposited on the surface toxins and remove them from the body. After the acute phase of illness is over, patients are administered drugs that restore normal intestinal microflora - probiotics (they contain beneficial for digestion colony of bacteria) and prebiotics (contribute to their own multiplication of beneficial microflora).
Prevention of intestinal flu - is the observance of hygiene: frequent hand washing with soap and water, use for drinking only boiled water, careful processing of fruits and vegetables before eating them for food.
Intestinal influenza can be very serious, so the increased incidence of a particular need to protect the young children of the first three years of life.