Flu - this is a highly contagious viral disease that is spread by airborne droplets. They can be caught year-round, but the flu is particularly common in the winter, so it is also known as "seasonal flu." Influenza causes sudden fever, headache,
Headache: Causes and Complications
, Muscle aches, malaise and sore throat
What to do at the first sign
People who are generally healthy, with flu symptoms do not necessarily go to the doctor (if you do not need a certificate of illness for the employer). In this case, the best remedy for the flu is bed rest and drinking plenty of fluids.
To relieve the symptoms, you can take acetaminophen, ibuprofen
Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug
If you have symptoms of flu should contact a doctor for people over 65, pregnant women and those who have chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, lung disease, kidney or neurological disease.
Help your doctor if flu is needed and people with weakened immune systems.
In these patients, influenza can be especially difficult and may need to take an antiviral medication.
Antiviral drugs weaken flu symptoms and speed up recovery, but that the treatment was effective, they need to start taking as soon as possible after the onset of flu symptoms.
Antibiotics are useless in treating flu, as flu is caused by a virus, not bacteria.
As a general rule, a person begins to feel unwell for a few days after getting the flu.
Symptoms are especially strong for another two or three days later, and a week later there is a significant improvement, although the overall weakness may persist for several weeks.
A person can infect others have flu the day before the onset of symptoms, and over the next five or six days. Children and people with weakened immune systems
The immune system - how it works?
For example, cancer patients may remain infectious for a longer time.
Vaccinated against influenza is recommended to almost everyone, but it is especially important for pregnant women, people aged 65 or older, seriously ill patients, health care workers, as well as all those who by virtue of their professional activities should be every day to chat with many people.
New vaccines against influenza usually occur in October. For vaccination should contact their doctor.
The most common symptoms of the flu:
- The rapid rise in body temperature;
- Weakness, malaise;
- Muscle aches;
- Stomach upset.
Treatment of influenza
The flu requires bed rest, a balanced diet and drink plenty of liquids. If a person is generally healthy, after a while the flu will pass. If necessary, you can take non-prescription pain relievers.
However, in some cases, a special reception antivirals
Antivirals - basic classification
Tamiflu taken orally in capsule or as a syrup. This drug is effective if you start taking it within 48 hours after the first symptoms of influenza.
It is usually recommended to take one tablet twice a day for five days. Patients with kidney disease may go lower doses.
Tamiflu can cause nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea. Typically, these side effects are weak, but if they cause you concern, consult a doctor.
Like Tamiflu, the drug need to start taking 48 hours after the onset of symptoms of influenza.
It is safe and very rarely gives any side effects.