- Bulimia: the consequences - when you are completely dependent on food
- Symptoms of bulimia
Symptoms of bulimia
In bulimia have both physical and psychological symptoms. Here are the most common ones. Note that the presence of a person some of them do not necessarily indicate that he bulimia or indeed any eating disorder. Conversely, patients are not always present bulimia all of these symptoms.
Physical symptoms of bulimia:
- The wounds on the palms and fingers, which appear from the fact that people often put their fingers in the mouth to induce vomiting
- Caries, erosion of tooth enamel, bleeding gums
- Cardiac arrhythmias
- Swollen salivary glands
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Sore throat
- Weakness, tiredness
- Red squirrel eyes
- Stomach pain
- Fluid retention
- Fluctuations in weight
- Changes in biochemistry
- Violation of mineral and electrolyte balance
- Stomach Ulcer
- Violation of the liver
In severe cases, may occur gap tissue of the stomach or a heart attack
Heart disease and heart attacks: that every woman should know
Which sometimes lead to sudden death
Psychological symptoms of bulimia:
- Mood swings and irritability
- Low self-esteem
- The feeling of losing control
- Increased concern about their appearance and weight
- Obsession with food, diet and fitness
- Detachment from others
Bulimia is much more common in women than in men. At risk are teenage girls and young women. It is believed that an important factor in the development of bulimia is the impact of media, duplicating images of very slim women as beauty ideal and role model. In many countries, doctors have repeatedly expressed their views on the danger of increased media attention to such images, but has not yet adopted any significant measures to change the situation.
Complications of bulimia
If bulimia is not treated, it may appear very serious and even life-threatening complications.
Because of self-induced vomiting, over time, destroy tooth enamel, caries develops
More about caries - take care of your teeth until it's too late
Increased tooth sensitivity
Tooth Sensitivity - sudden pain
cold and hot food.
In the mouth, there are sores, swollen salivary glands.
The esophagus and intestines can also suffer from frequent vomiting, in particular, it is possible to ulceration, and even tears.
Exhaustion and dehydration, which is also a result of bulimia can lead to disruption of the menstrual cycle or the complete absence of menstruation.
Abuse of diuretics can lead to accumulation of fluid in the body - the swelling. Prolonged use of laxatives can be formed dependent on them, that is, without the process of defecation in the patient will be very difficult.
In addition, it is likely imbalance of electrolytes, which can be life threatening.
When bulimia pregnancy threatens the health of both mother and unborn child.
How to treat bulimia?
Patients with bulimia often have more or less serious psychological disorders, from which you can get rid of using different methods. In particular, treatment of bulimia psychiatrist can perform, using both drugs and psychotherapy.
Often used in the treatment of bulimia antidepressants; the most popular of them are fluoxetine (Prozac) - selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, whose effectiveness is proved by many researchers. Used other antidepressants, including monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants, and buspirone (Buspar). However, while Prozac remains the most effective and safe treatment for bulimia.
In very serious complications, including mental health, you may need hospitalization. In most cases, patients with bulimia are at home and regularly attend sessions of psychotherapy.
The goal of therapy - to help the patient understand what makes him cravings to overeating and subsequent purification of the body
Cleansing the body - comprehensive restoration
And, in general, the constant fear of being too thick. Understanding the causes of their problems - a huge step toward healing. Sometimes family therapy is used to help family members better understand the patient and to create conditions for mutual support, which is very conducive to recovery.
Restoration of physical and mental health may take some time, the results of treatment will not be seen immediately. It is important not to rush the healing process, and gradually pass through all its stages, to ensure long-term and reliable results.