Many people dream of a pill or drink that would allow no effort to maintain a normal weight and even lose weight. It is the desire of people to take advantage of the many businesses of varying degrees of good faith. In the early 1980s the first "blocker calories", which was said to contain an enzyme beans, which greatly reduces the assimilation and processing of starch.
This enzyme works effectively in vitro, but the human body produces more starch processing enzymes than can block the drug. In addition, undigested carbohydrates that reach the large intestine start to ferment. In 1982 he had received numerous reports of abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and other adverse reactions from those who used the "blockers calories."
In the 1990s, a new blocker of calories, which was said to the producers, called "automatic" decreased appetite and blocking the absorption of fat. One of its ingredients - Guar gum (soluble fiber) is used in small quantities as a thickener in the manufacture of sauces, desserts, syrups and other products. Guar gum has a laxative effect, moreover, it can lower cholesterol and control blood sugar
Blood sugar - one of the main indicators of human health
, So that it is included in several antidiabetic drugs. Effect of the substance to control or decrease weight gain was not proved.
When taken orally, guar gum
Guar gum - Applications
It forms a gel in the stomach, which may cause a feeling of satiety and block the uptake of certain nutrients. However, none of these properties is not sufficient to promote weight loss. Many overweight people continue to eat even when they feel they have fed. Further, if the absorption of nutrients is reduced, a person may have more to compensate for the shortage of vitamins and minerals.
But some calories blockers proved not only ineffective. Displacement of one of the blocker, Cal-Ban, when placed in water can become four or five times larger than its original size; thus it becomes thick and viscous. In the United States it has been reported in at least 17 cases of esophageal obstruction in people taking Cal-Ban. 10 of 17 were hospitalized, one of whom died. In addition, there is information about the obstruction of the stomach and the different parts of the bowel, nausea and vomiting that occurs after taking this blocker calories.
Now more popular ingredient blockers calories has become a plant extract Gymnema sylvestre, a native of India; Advertising claims that it promotes weight loss by preventing the absorption of sugar in the body. It is known that chewing the leaves of this plant for some time impairs the ability to feel the sweet taste. At the same time, there is no reliable evidence that the chemicals contained therein may actually block the absorption of sugar and / or promote weight loss.
In recent years, chitosan has been announced as the new tool for weight loss - the substance is attributed to the ability to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood and bind fats, preventing their absorption and processing. Some manufacturers effectively called chitosan "fat magnet." Chitosan is derived from chitin, a polysaccharide, which is contained in the shell of shellfish - shrimp, lobster and crab. Although chitosan can reduce the absorption of fat by the body, its content in one capsule is too small to be able to achieve a significant effect. Scientific studies have shown no significant differences in the level of cholesterol in the blood of those who took chitosan and those in the framework of the test were given a placebo
Placebo - an effective tool for self-hypnosis
Phase - 2
A revolutionary solution for those unfortunates who have exhausted yourself diets and took this know-how with great enthusiasm, was the emergence of a variety of drugs, naturally burning calories accumulated regardless of the diet and the diet of man. Recently, more and more common to hear about one of these products - "blocker calories", also known as "Phase - 2". And you can hear both positive and negative.
"Blocker calories", in contrast to various types of "burners" are not capable of eliminating excess fat
. Its mechanism of action is different, and to understand it, recall physiological characteristics of the digestive system: the absorption of carbohydrates in the gastro-intestinal tract, and therefore their assimilation in the body is possible only after splitting them up to the simplest form - glucose, fructose and galactose, the excess of which stimulates processes of conversion of carbohydrates into fat tissue
. The collapse of complex carbohydrates into simple does not happen by itself, but under the influence of various digestive enzymes
. "Blocker calories" has an inhibitory effect on one of these enzymes - α-amylase, which is synthesized in the salivary gland and pancreas
. Thus, entering the body complex carbohydrates are not broken down and are "in transit", taking with them all their calories
. And if you remember that complex carbohydrates are part of "common usage" foods like pasta, cereal, roasted and boiled potatoes, the whole range of bakery products and much more, it turns out very solid calorie savings
. Incidentally, the relevant experts of the Russian Scientific Research Institute compiled a special table, through which can be estimated as the total caloric value of certain foods and the calorie content that these products will represent for the body in the case of "blocker calories"
. Thus, according to this table, with one hundred grams of white bread we learn 240 kcal, at the same time with the use of the drug, we will receive only 99 kcal 27; vermicelli against these figures are, respectively, 354 and 144 kcal
In its origin "blocker calories" is a dietary supplement consisting of plant cells and, despite the proliferation in pharmacies, does not belong to any of the groups of drugs.
Opinions of experts
"Blocker calories" passed control studies in the American administration FDA (the organization that oversees the Food and Drug Administration), where he was recognized as an additive effective in reducing body weight. The "blocker calories" was the first drug to receive approval this strict organization.
Many experts do not approve of the principle of action "blocker calories", believing that unsplit complex carbohydrates can bring harm to the body, although some side effects in extreme cases there is only a flatulence. However, taking the drug is not recommended during pregnancy and lactation
Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!