Aevitum should not be taken during pregnancy, especially during the first twelve weeks, as it contains high doses of fat-soluble vitamins can cause malformations in the fetus. However, vitamin A and E required a pregnant woman, but moderate prophylactic doses.
Do you need vitamins A and E during pregnancy
These vitamins during pregnancy are needed. Thus, vitamin A provides normal fetal development, including its skin, muscle, and other soft tissues, bones and teeth, and placenta. In addition, vitamin A provides the normalization of carbohydrate and protein metabolism in the cells and, to a lesser extent - fat metabolism is involved in the formation of red blood cells, a positive effect on the heart muscle, and central nervous system, which forms a good condition during pregnancy.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is one of the important vitamins during pregnancy. He has a positive effect on the entire sexual function of the pregnant woman, the fetus contributes to the growth, prevents premature termination of pregnancy. But most importantly - it is a beneficial effect on the blood vessels of the placenta.
Both vitamins (A and E) take part, as part of enzymes (coenzymes) in various biochemical processes in cells. They have antioxidant action, i.e. inhibit the toxic effects on the cells of the fetus and the placenta of free radicals. Especially strong antioxidant effect has vitamin E.
Also, both the vitamin increases the barrier function of the skin and mucous membranes, that is, their ability not to pass into the body of various pathogens. This feature is more pronounced among vitamin A, which actively improves the immune system of the skin and mucous membranes. During pregnancy, which is associated with reduced immunity, it is very important.
No less important is another quality of these vitamins: they reduce tissue oxygen demand, ie tolerance to lack of oxygen - hypoxia, which often occurs during pregnancy.
Can I use during pregnancy Aevitum
In contrast to vitamin-mineral complexes for pregnant women, which contain preventive doses of vitamin A and E, Aevitum
Aevitum - for the treatment, rather than prevention
It contains therapeutic doses of these vitamins. For example, if one dragee vitamin-mineral complex vitrum Prenatal contains 4,000 IU of vitamin A and 11 IU (11 mg) of vitamin E, in one capsule contains Aevitum 100,000 IU of Vitamin A and 100 mg of vitamin E.
Such large doses of vitamins are dangerous. The most dangerous large doses of vitamin A, which have teratogenic properties, ie the ability to cause malformations in the fetus. Very often formed urinary tract malformations, growth retardation, early closure of the cartilaginous growth zones in the bones. At high doses of vitamin A is capable of damaging the cells, which results in the formation anomalies. Large doses of vitamin E as unsafe.
It should also take into account the fact that during pregnancy often have poor circulation, stagnation. This can lead to overdose Aevitum. Especially dangerous overdose of vitamin A, which appears six hours after receiving a large dose of his lethargy, drowsiness, irritability
Irritability - you try to control my temper
, Double vision, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. It may appear bleeding gums
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, Dryness of the oral mucosa, the occurrence of mouth ulcers and erosions, cracks on the lips, confusion.
Especially vitamin A is that it can accumulate in the body, it leads to chronic intoxication. It is manifested by pain in the limbs, loss of appetite, dry skin and mucous membranes, cracked lips, constant headaches, sensitivity to light. There are problems with the kidneys, they perform better during sleep, indicating that the decrease in their function. It may turn up the heat. The fact that there is an overdose of vitamin A talk orange spots in the nose, around the mouth, on the palms and soles.
Dangerous for pregnant women, and an overdose of vitamin E. There is a blurring of vision, dizziness, headache, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain
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Weakness. It increases the risk of bleeding in patients with hypovitaminosis K (may even be bleeding in the brain and retina of the eye), thyroid dysfunction. The most dangerous in overdose of vitamin E is the appearance of thrombophlebitis, and thromboembolism (blood clot separation followed by occlusion of their major blood vessels).
When the appointment Aevitum during pregnancy is justified
Aevitum given to pregnant women with caution and only for health reasons. For example, in severe vitamin A deficiency can appear and progress quickly ulcerated cornea. The process can grow literally within days, and perforation of the cornea and result in loss of the lens. In such cases Aevitum pregnant women appointed under strict medical supervision.
Aevitum in most cases is contraindicated during pregnancy.