Pregnancy itself - quite a difficult period in the life of a woman, so a cold or allergy can significantly worsen the health of the expectant mother. During pregnancy, regularly taking any medicines, except in special cases, is not recommended - even if it is antihistamines, which are considered the safest medications to combat the symptoms of allergic diseases.
Cetirizine (brand name Zyrtec) - an antihistamine prescription. Cetirizine, according to the official classification of the safety of drugs in pregnancy, is a category B - which means that, theoretically, it is safe for both mother and the developing fetus. In cetirizine, unlike the first generation antihistamines, no pronounced sedative effect, so it is suitable for the treatment of allergy symptoms even in pregnant women. Among the possible side effects of cetirizine include dizziness, dry mouth, sore throat, cough, nausea, constipation and headache.
Chlorpheniramine - antihistamine, available on prescription and is sold under many different trade names. Like cetirizine, chlorpheniramine included in category B and a potentially safe for pregnant women. The main side effects of chlorpheniramine - drowsiness, dry mouth, dizziness, mild
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
and blurred vision, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
, Constipation, decreased concentration and attention.
Fexofenadine (brand name Allegra), as well as other representatives of the group of antihistamines, available only by prescription, and according to the basic classification, included in the category C - a potential threat to the health of the developing fetus fexofenadine unknown. It is for this reason that fexofenadine during pregnancy are often not recommended to take. The main side effects of the drug - nausea, diarrhea, stomach upset, cramping, similar to menstrual pain, back pain and muscle aches.
Loratadine - an antihistamine, which is available in some pharmacies without a prescription (one of the most common trade names of loratadine - Claritin). Loratadine belongs to the category B - the antihistamine is considered one of the safest for pregnant women and the least likely cause drowsiness. Possible side effects of loratadine - dizziness, dry mouth, headache
Headache: Causes and Complications
, Increased nervousness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nosebleeds, skin rashes.
Diphenhydramine (brand name Benadryl) is sold without a prescription, not only in pharmacies, but also in some superkarmetah. This drug belongs to a category B, it is potentially safe for the health of the pregnant woman and the fetus. The main possible side effects of diphenhydramine include drowsiness, headache, dizziness, dry mouth, difficulty urinating.
Antihistamines are breastfeeding
Very few drugs are contraindicated during breast-feeding. Although it is known to be drug passes into breast milk, it is almost always the number is so small that it can not damage the health of the newborn, and is less than one percent of the dose of the drug for an adult. However, during the period of breast-feeding to take medication must be cautious.
Opinions about antihistamines breastfeeding
Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!
rather contradictory - in particular, many believe that taking antihistamines during breastfeeding may reduce the amount of milk. Although research this relationship has not been proven in any way, in the period of breast-feeding in the first few weeks after giving birth receive antihistamines better minimized.
Careful in choosing
Even if as a result of regular intake of antihistamines, a decrease milk supply, these changes are usually temporary - in this case it is better to consult a doctor about the drug or change the deadline. If you reduce the amount of milk was actually caused by antihistamines, after receiving the drug situation will normalize itself.
For nursing mothers medications short-term action rather than long-acting medications that increase the risk of accumulation of the drug components transmitted from the mother's milk in the body of the newborn.
Antihistamines that are considered safe, even for pregnant women and women immediately after childbirth, so many, so to recommend the most appropriate treatment option antihistamines may only doctor. In addition, it must be remembered that in the case of drugs that are used nasally rather than orally, the risk of transmission of the ingredients of the drug to the mother's milk to the newborn much less.