Citoflavin, like all other drugs during pregnancy may be administered only by a physician with the necessary evidence and the absence of contraindications for such treatment. The main contraindication is the individual intolerance of components.
Hypoxia during pregnancy
One of the main hazards to the fetus during pregnancy is hypoxia, ie insufficient supply it with oxygen. At the same time the most affected cells in the brain of the child.
Hypoxia is a complex process in which there is a violation of the delivery and absorption of oxygen in the cells of the body. It can develop in violation of the functions of respiration, circulation, metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
in these cells and so on. At the same time developing a mismatch between tissue oxygen demand and entering the bloodstream. Sometimes hypoxia occurs with metabolic disorders in the cell itself due to lack of the necessary components for biochemical reactions. In most cases those components are vitamins - they are part of enzymes involved in the biochemical reactions.
Depending on how severe hypoxia was and how long it lasted, brain injury can range from minor to severe, resulting in the child's disability.
Such a complex mechanism of development and treatment of hypoxia are doing it is also quite complicated. In order to prevent loss of brain cells child under hypoxia today often prescribed cytoflavin - a drug that meets all the requirements of the treatment of hypoxia.
How does the drug
The structure of the combined drug cytoflavin includes four components (succinic acid, Riboxinum
Riboxinum - a drug that will charge the cells with energy
, Nicotinamide and riboflavin mononucleotide) to reinforce the effect of each other and have a generally neuroprotective effect, i.e. to protect brain cells (neurons) from the harmful effects
. In addition, reduces the need cytoflavin neurons in oxygen, ie "make work properly" cell in a saving of oxygen
. This happens due to the fact that cytoflavin prevents significant reduction of the energy level in the cell, stimulating the activity of the enzymes involved in anaerobic (oxygen-free) reaction energy from glucose and is itself the source of energy
. It also activates the intracellular synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins, the intracellular accumulation of energy reserves, improves blood oxygen saturation, limiting the area of ischemic tissue damage the fetal brain and stimulates the recovery of affected cells
Succinic acid, part of cytoflavin can be used tissue cells as an additional source of energy: the energy produced by a lack of oxygen a little - this is the main cause of degradation of the cells. Succinic acid has also antioxidant (inhibits the action of free radicals) and cytoprotective (protects cells from any impacts) properties.
Riboxinum also has an antioxidant effect, which is realized by stimulating the process of formation of energy from glucose
Glucose: The energy source
without air activation and synthesis of nicotinamide enzymes that protect cells against free radicals.
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) has a direct anti-hypoxic action, as it is a part of enzymes involved in cell respiration. He has an antioxidant effect.
Nicotinamide (Vitamin PP) - as a coenzyme (part enzymes) activate enzymes of cells, including antioxidant system to protect the cell membranes from degradation by free radicals. Nicotinamide is also a selective inhibitor of the enzyme, which leads to disruption of the synthesis of intracellular proteins and subsequent apoptosis (self-destruction) of cells.
Thus, all components cytoflavin have a positive effect on cells and tissues primarily brain tissue of the fetus. They activate metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
in general, by increasing cell energy resources, promote the absorption of free oxygen, thereby reducing the level of oxidation-reduction reactions resulting in the formation of free radicals.
Application cytoflavin for treatment of hypoxia during pregnancy
Since cytoflavin has all the necessary properties for the treatment and prevention of fetal hypoxia, it quite often used in obstetric practice. For treatment of minor hypoxia it is prescribed in tablets, and treatment is carried out in an outpatient setting.
In severe hypoxia administered intravenous drip of the drug, most often this treatment is carried out in a hospital.