Placental insufficiency - severe consequences

April 2, 2009

 Placental insufficiency
   Nowadays obstetricians recommend to plan pregnancy and to conduct a thorough examination before this couple. This saves a pregnant woman from a variety of problems that may occur with infection or other diseases (internal organs, endocrine and nervous systems, metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
   and so forth) that have adverse effects on the fetus.

 Placental insufficiency - severe consequences

What is the placenta and placental insufficiency

The placenta - a temporary organ that is produced during pregnancy and provides a link with the mother of the fetus, that is, eating and breathing fetus. When failure of some functions of the placenta (hormonal, metabolic Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting  Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
   et al.) there is placental (fetoplacental) insufficiency (FPI), which can lead to serious violations of the fetus.

Violation of the placenta can occur under the influence of various factors, such as chronic diseases of internal organs, endocrine diseases, exposure to toxins (alcohol, smoking, drugs), infections (including sexually transmitted diseases), trauma of the walls of the uterus during the abortion, malnutrition , medication (especially in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy), and so on.

 Placental insufficiency - severe consequences

Acute placental insufficiency

Placental insufficiency can be both acute and chronic. Acute placental insufficiency occurs against a background of acute disorders of utero-placental circulation. Such situations often occur in premature detachment of normally situated placenta and cause abortion.

 Placental insufficiency - severe consequences

Chronic placental insufficiency

Chronic placental insufficiency occurs gradually as a result of violations of adaptive mechanisms in conjunction with disorders of blood circulation in the placenta, in violation of its power and slow reverse development. This process may offset when the body cope with disturbances (it does not require treatment) and decompensated - the body is unable to cope with disturbances, the woman needs help.

Absolute (asthma) placental insufficiency occurs in severe and is accompanied by oxygen starvation of the fetus, which can lead to its destruction. Pregnancy in these women often occurs on the background of the threat of interruption. There are two main forms of chronic placental insufficiency, which may be combined:

  • violation of the Food, in which disturbed absorption and assimilation of nutritious foods, as well as the synthesis of metabolic products of their own in the fetus;
  • respiratory dysfunction due to insufficient supply of oxygen.

Chronic placental insufficiency can cause intrauterine growth retardation or fetal death.

 Placental insufficiency - severe consequences

Intrauterine growth

Chronic placental insufficiency eventually leads to the fact that the fruit does not get the required amount of nutrients and oxygen, is lagging behind in weight and development. This condition is called intrauterine growth retardation Fetal development - week after week  Fetal development - week after week
   (IUGR). In contrast, children with low birth weight who were born perfectly normal, these children may suffer development of internal organs, the nervous system, the immune system Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults  Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults

For timely diagnosis of fetal growth retardation held control over its growth (height measurement of uterine fundus above the vagina), determination of placental hormones in the mother's blood, the registration of fetal heart rate (cardiotocography, in order to avoid hypoxia - lack of oxygen), fetal ultrasound. Typically, children with a history of IUGR and birth lag behind their peers, often sick, they may have may have problems with memory, concentration, and perseverance. But all this can be overcome.

 Placental insufficiency - severe consequences

Treatment of placental insufficiency

Chronic placental insufficiency, which manifests itself in growth retardation, must be treated in order to normalize the metabolism and maintain the vital functions of the fetus. At the same time, the sooner treatment is started, the more effective it will be. Treatment must necessarily be individualized and take into account, the cause of placental insufficiency.

Women with placental insufficiency need a rest, limit physical activity, high-grade feed.

Of the medicines used drugs relaxing the uterus to dilate blood vessels, reducing blood viscosity and facilitate its passage through the capillaries, improve nutrition of the placenta (eg, aktovegin), vitamins (especially vitamin C and E) and amino acids (they help to normalize the blood and enrich it substances necessary for the construction of organs and tissues of the fetus, its synthesis of enzymes and hormones) enriching blood with oxygen (e.g. oxygen-enriched breathing air pressure in a pressure chamber, etc.).

Typically, these treatments produce results, and children are born without serious violations. But if the fetus continues to lag behind in weight, there are signs of oxygen deficiency, then held an emergency delivery.

Remember that to worry about the welfare of the child is necessary before pregnancy, which is why it is recommended to plan the birth of a child.

  Galina Romanenko

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Placental insufficiency - a deviation from the norm - Dangers

November 16, 2014

  • Placental insufficiency - deviation from the norm
  • Dangers

 fetoplacental insufficiency danger

The dangerous fetoplacental insufficiency?

Risks to the mother's health. Generally, fetoplacental insufficiency is not very dangerous to the health of the woman, but if she has health problems such as high blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?  Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
   or diabetes, increases the risk of the following complications:

  • Pre-eclampsia;
  • Detachment of the placenta;
  • Complications during childbirth.

Symptoms of preeclampsia can be stagnant fluid in the body and, as a consequence, edema and weight gain, headaches, blurred vision, pain under the ribs, vomiting, malaise.


The risks to the health of the fetus

The earlier in pregnancy develops fetoplacental insufficiency, the more severe are the consequences for the child. The main risks associated with this disorder:

  • The increased likelihood of death of a child at birth;
  • Increased risk of lack of oxygen during birth, which can cause cerebral palsy and other serious complications that can have a negative impact on the entire future life of the child;
  • An increased risk of learning difficulties;
  • Slow fetal growth (with placental insufficiency child's weight can be, on average, ten percent less than the norm);
  • Hypothermia (low body temperature in a child);
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar);
  • Hypocalcemia (reducing the concentration of calcium in the blood);
  • Polycythemia (increased number of red blood cells);
  • Premature birth.

According to the study, which was conducted in 2007, 40% of cases when the fetoplacental failure develops in early pregnancy, the child has found a variety of health problems, among them - lung disease, stroke, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.


Diagnosis of placental insufficiency

To identify this disorder can be carried out the following diagnostic procedures:

  • Ultrasound examination, during which the physician can estimate the size of the fruit and the size of the placenta;
  • Assay for alpha-fetoprotein in maternal blood (so called protein produced by the fetal liver);
  • Measuring heart rate of the child.


Treatment of placental insufficiency

A method of treatment for this disorder depends on its shape, the presence of other complications, general health of the patient, stage of pregnancy, and other factors. The primary goal of treatment - to normalize the functioning of the placenta and prevent the occurrence of serious health problems for both mother and the fetus. In some cases, women with placental insufficiency hospitalized, but many women with this diagnosis may pass out-patient treatment and lead a rather active life. However, in any case, a pregnant woman with this disorder are strongly encouraged to set aside time daily quality vacation, be sure to get enough sleep, avoid stress as much as possible. Of course, proper nutrition Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food  Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food
   and receiving prenatal vitamins are also important for the successful treatment of placental insufficiency.

In addition, the doctor should tell the patient in detail about the signs of complications of placental insufficiency in the first place - pre-eclampsia. When her symptoms women should seek immediate medical attention.

How exactly are placental insufficiency at birth it depends on to which she brought complications from the pregnancy and the health status of women. In some cases it may be necessary to carry out caesarean section, but often women successfully give birth naturally. If the fetus is at doctors fear may decide to induce labor prematurely; it is associated with some risk, but in some circumstances the only way to preserve the health and sometimes the life of the child.

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  • placenta