Oxalates in the urine during pregnancy are normally present even in a smaller amount than before pregnancy, as calcium oxalate is used to build bone fetus. Therefore, a persistent increase in oxalate in the urine of a pregnant woman becomes a signal for its further investigation and establish the causes of this phenomenon.
What do the oxalate in the urine during pregnancy
Oxalate - a salt of oxalic acid, mainly calcium oxalate. Normally they are formed during the cellular metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
and only a small amount coming from outside the body with food. Then 85-95% of oxalate excreted human urine. Thus in urinalysis detect oxalate as crystals can be used only if the content exceeds the norm.
Oxaluria can develop and exist long before pregnancy, may be due to some processes that occur during pregnancy.
Oxalates in the urine during pregnancy first appear on a background of various diseases. For example, diseases of the digestive organs (intestines, liver, biliary tract, pancreas), diabetes, lack of vitamins (B6, A, E), some minerals (magnesium, potassium), any acute infectious diseases and so on.
All these factors can cause metabolic oxalate. Very often as a result of compression of the growing uterus digestive organs impairs their function, which contributes to increased absorption of oxalate in the blood coming from the food.
Oxalate in the urine of pregnant dangerous because they can lead to impaired renal function. This happens because of oxalate excreted in the urine, and increased concentration in urine can promote the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones
Kidney stones: identify and treat
The kidneys during pregnancy bear a double burden, and even a slight decrease in their function is fraught with complications, both from the mother and from the fetus.
What are the symptoms of oxalate in the urine
Oxaluria in pregnant women often asymptomatic and the state of health of pregnant women is not reflected. But if she has a kidney disease, then oxaluria becomes dangerous. All kidney disease, especially infectious and inflammatory processes tend to identify asymptomatic and their sometimes not easy.
During pregnancy there is a physiological depression of immunity, which contributes to recurrence of infectious and inflammatory diseases, including recurrence of pyelonephritis
Pyelonephritis - kidney disease
. In addition, there is such a thing as pyelonephritis pregnant - a disease which develops during pregnancy and disappears after childbirth.
Against the background of infectious and inflammatory processes in the kidneys oxaluria enhanced, which creates prerequisites for renal dysfunction.
Oxalate in the urine during pregnancy may also occur with diabetes mellitus pregnant women - another disease that occurs during pregnancy and disappears after delivery. In diabetes
Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
affects the peripheral vessels, including the vessels of the kidneys, which, as well as oxaluria will contribute dysfunction of this organ.
If the kidney function in the blood accumulate toxic substances, and there is a gradual poisoning of the mother's body and fetus. The woman there is a weakness, lethargy, headaches and other symptoms of intoxication. Increased amounts of toxins in the blood affects the condition of the child, especially for the development of his brain. If the damage of kidney function begins the second half of pregnancy toxemia (preeclampsia), it takes very seriously.
Oxalate in the urine of pregnant - what to do?
Do not panic - the main thing in time to detect and take action. It is for the identification and timely elimination of all kinds of complications observed in the woman a monthly women's clinic.
If you notice in the general analysis of urine from pregnant oxalate crystals it is prescribed quantitative analysis of urine oxalate - the study of their content in daily urine. If oxaluria confirmed, but there is no concomitant diseases that contribute to its strengthening, woman recommended a special diet with the exception of foods rich in oxalate. In identifying latent diseases of the kidneys, diabetes and other diseases of women appointed timely treatment.
Oxalate in the urine during pregnancy often does not affect the condition of the mother and child. But they need special prenatal care in order to detect and prevent serious complications.