Polysegmental osteochondrosis - is osteochondrosis, which evolved in several segments of the spine. Defeat can be in several segments of a single department or segment changes may be in different parts of the spine - cervical, thoracic or lumbosacral.
What polysegmental osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis - a degenerative disease of the intervertebral discs, which eventually strikes and vertebrae. Vertebral-motor segment is called an anatomical complex, which consists of two adjacent vertebrae with ligaments and located between the intervertebral disc. When polysegmental osteochondrosis may be affected by a number of segments in a row or more segments located in different parts of the spine - cervical (C), thoracic (Th) or lumbar (L). A total of 24 spinal segments: 7 cervical, 12 thoracic and 5 lumbar. Last, the lowest segment to form the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum.
From each segment depart spinal nerves that are responsible for the innervation of the different organs and tissues. Therefore, depending on which segment amazed may be different disorders.
Reasons polysegmentary osteoarthritis such as other types and causes of the disease. It is based on inherited structural features of the spine and the metabolism in the cartilage. Contributing factors include a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, poor diet, long stay in the same position, heavy physical exertion.
Various combinations of these causes and leads to the development of osteochondrosis polysegmental.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis polysegmental
Symptoms of osteoarthritis polysegmental depend on which segments affected. Polysegmental osteochondrosis cervical spine may show different symptoms. The first two segments of the cervical intervertebral disc does not contain a segment C2 - C3 osteochondrosis rarely affected. The defeat of the spine C2 is rare and is manifested by pain and impaired sensitivity in the occipital-parietal region, malnutrition sublingual muscles and speech impairments and smell. It is not often affected and the segment C3 - C4 - C4 root infringement is accompanied by violation of the sensitivity in the collarbone and shoulder girdle, increased muscle tone, head and neck, breach of respiratory movements, hiccups, pain in the heart and the right hypochondrium.
Osteochondrosis often affects segments C5 - C6 (pain in the neck, shoulders and back of the head), C6 - C7 (impaired mobility of the shoulder, pain in the shoulders and elbows). Cervical-thoracic segment C7 T1 is affected infrequently, you may experience pain and numbness in the hands and palms, asthma, cough.
Compression of the blood vessels supplying the brain, accompanied by headache, dizziness, blurred vision, hearing, swallowing.
Polysegmental osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine can be confused with other diseases
. In the upper segments of the thoracic osteochondrosis rare. Degenerative disc degenerative changes are more common in segments Th4 - Th5 and below. And is characterized by chronic pain in the back. There may also appear on the type of pain intercostal neuralgia and pain, mimic heart.
Osteochondrosis - learn how to properly distribute the weight
lumbar spine - the most common disease that can manifest bouts of acute pain in the lumbar region (lumbago), aching in the back and waist (lumbalgia). Pain may enroll in the course of the sciatic nerve - in the buttock, hamstring, the outer surface of the leg and foot.
Treatment of osteoarthritis polysegmental
Treatment polysegmental osteochondrosis should be complex and lengthy. When the acute pain appointed painkillers, but it is symptomatic treatment.
The basis of the treatment of degenerative disc disease polysegmental is the creation of a muscular corset, firmly support the spine in all its departments. For this purpose special complexes of physical therapy - physical therapy, massages (manual, vacuum, spot, hardware).
Manual therapy is applied at all stages of treatment. An experienced chiropractor can relieve severe pain and prevent the emergence of a new attack.
Be sure to prescribed drugs that stimulate blood circulation (angioprotectors), metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
in the cartilage and protects it from destruction (chondroprotectors), vitamins, biostimulants (eg, aloe). Actively used physiotherapy, reflexology
Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies
, Spa treatment.
Polysegmental osteochondrosis requires long-term treatment, which should take active participation by the patient.