Feeding habits of children with diabetes mellitus - a few tips to parents

August 15, 2011

 particularly child nutrition in diabetes
 The child is totally dependent on the adults who surround him. Is no exception and compliance with the rules of nutrition in diabetes - only from their parents depends what and how much the child uses, which means that his health. The child is difficult to explain, why can not these or other products, so it is easy to develop from an early age the habit of eating only permitted in diabetes products.

 Feeding habits of children with diabetes mellitus - a few tips to parents

General recommendations

Houses should be permitted only for the baby foods that should eat, and adults. Such food will benefit the whole family. Otherwise diet child will not be met, due to the fact that the children are always imitate adults, including in food.

It is impossible to discuss with the child what he can eat, and that - no. This will cause a feeling of inferiority had better speak of a rich selection of products and a variety of food. If a child asks a prohibited product, it is necessary to say the least, that the family was not accepted to use, since it is used instead of better.

When a child begins to understand, in detail, you can tell him about family feeding habits and explain why they were formed. This should be done gently, so as not to frighten the child and develop an inferiority complex The inferiority complex - do not revel worthlessness  The inferiority complex - do not revel worthlessness

 Feeding habits of children with diabetes mellitus - a few tips to parents

Feeding habits of children up to one year

A child with diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
 It should be as long as possible on breastfeeding, since it provides uniform food intake during the day. If the force majeure event breastfeeding is not possible, he fed a special mixture with a reduced sugar content. It has the value of strict adherence to time slots receiving the mixture.

Lures are administered in accordance with the power of a healthy child, but start with the vegetable foods Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?  Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?
 And the last to offer starchy lures in the form of cereals.

If the child is breast-fed, it may apply the so-called pedagogical complementary foods when the child is allowed to take pieces of food from the plate mother. In this case, it is necessary to make sure that there have always been appropriate for the child's food, such as boiled vegetables.

 Feeding habits of children with diabetes mellitus - a few tips to parents

Feeding habits of children older than one year

Mother of a child older than one year is recommended to start a food diary in which to celebrate the caloric content of food and to specify the list of products. Gradually, her mother and without diary Learn to identify how many and what kind of food you can give a child. Use the following formula for calculating the required daily caloric intake: 1000+ 100 * g (where g - the child's age in years), with excess weight calorie reduced by 10%, and in low - increased by 15%.

Food should consist of 50% of carbohydrates, 20% from protein and 30% from fat.

Carbohydrates are selected slow, low-glycemic, digestible sugars excluded. As a sweetener Sweeteners: the benefits and harms of artificial sweeteners  Sweeteners: the benefits and harms of artificial sweeteners
   Aspartame may be used alone, no more than three tablets per day.

Fats should consist of 50% of the lungs of animals, and 50% - of the plant.

Normally, we use the following scheme of distribution of food during the day: 25% - the first breakfast, 10% - lunch, 25% - lunch, 10% - afternoon tea, 25% - dinner and 5% - the second dinner.

Children are sure to pamper food, coming up with delicious dishes and beautiful products that are allowed, such as dried fruit can be cooked a delicious dessert, just soak them in a blender chopped and formed into molds for ice in the form of candy. Post a "sweetie" slightly dry in the microwave or oven, and please their children.

Svetlana Shimkovich

Article Tags:
  • nutrition in diabetes

How to store breast milk: regulations

December 22, 2012

  • How to store breast milk: regulations
  • Containers
  • Defrost

 how to store breast milk
 Breast milk - the precious product for both mother and child. For the mother is another way to take care of the child and to get close to him once more, and the child is - the perfect food. Therefore, contact with milk should be cautious. The same properties that protect the child, protect milk at a time until it is on the shelf of the refrigerator, but - only for a limited time, and if you follow the necessary storage conditions.

 How to store breast milk: regulations

Store breast milk in several ways:

  • At room temperature (above 25 C) - 6 hours;
  • In the container, where the volume of milk can impose ice - up to 24 hours;
  • In the refrigerator at a temperature of -4 to -6 C - up to five days;
  • In the freezing chamber at the temperature of -6 to -17 C - to two weeks; at -18 ° C and below - to six months.

The issue of storage of breast milk becomes relevant if the mother returns to work or is forced for some time to leave without the child. In such cases, of course, better use of expressed breast milk, infant formula instead.

Choice of storage of breast milk depends on how soon you intend to use it. If you plan to do this for a couple days, store the milk in the refrigerator, not the freezer, since at low temperature in milk are destroyed some substances that help the children's body fight infections. However, frozen breast milk is still better child nutrition.

 How to store breast milk: regulations

Terms of storage

Regardless of whether you will store breast milk in the refrigerator or in the freezer, follow these guidelines:

  • Use sterile containers. Optimally suited plastic bottles or special bags for breast milk. You can use glass bottles, but there is always the danger that they will crack or shatter.
  • Celebrate in the capacity of a time when we express milk and use the first that "older".
  • Device for pumping milk should always be clean. Wash it in hot soapy water and rinse in plenty of water.
  • Wash your hands before you start pumping. These measures will reduce the likelihood that the milk will begin to breed bacteria, and therefore increase its shelf life.
  • Just expressed milk may be added to that already stored in the refrigerator. However, remember that you can keep it only as long as the expire of the first portion of milk.
  • If the milk is in the refrigerator for a while, it starts to flake. This is normal - just shake it, and use as normal.
  • If you want to freeze milk, do it as soon as possible after pumping. Leave a little space containers, since the volume of frozen liquids increases. Plastic bags for breast milk because it may tear, but usually notice it, but when they begin to melt the contents.
  • Fresh breast milk can be added to the frozen if the last stand in the freezer for at least four hours. The volume of fresh milk thus should be less than the volume of frozen.
  • Frozen milk should be thawed in the refrigerator. There it may be stored for another 24 hours. Thawed breast milk can not be re-frozen.
  • Do not defrost or warm up breast milk in a microwave oven. If you need to defrost it as soon as possible, use the first cool and then warm water. Dry milk container before opening it.

 How to store breast milk: regulations

Freezer or fridge? How quickly deteriorates human milk

When frozen human milk loses some of the immune properties, so if possible it should be stored in the refrigerator. Below you will find a table that indicates how long you can store breast milk in the freezer, in the refrigerator and at room temperature. If you often have to express milk for storage, it makes sense to print it and hang on the refrigerator door.

Each container of milk write the date and time, when you decant, so you can first use the milk, which is stored the longest, and you do not have to throw away a valuable product.

 How to store breast milk: regulations

A safe and convenient storage of milk

For safe storage of breast milk:

  • Packages with breast milk to put in a large enough container for them before putting them in the refrigerator or freezer. This will provide additional protection and desired handling of containers.
  • Even if you use packages from stable bottom, it is better to put on the bottom of the container flat - so you get a thin piece of ice, which melts faster. The main thing - do not forget how to close the bags.
  • For the convenience and safety of solid container with milk can also be put in a large container before putting them in the freezer or in the refrigerator.
  • Store milk in the freezer unless it is really necessary - for example, if you need a long time to leave. In other cases, you should store it in the refrigerator - there it retains almost all its useful properties.
  • Thawed milk may be stored in a refrigerator for only 24 hours.