- Hemorrhoids after delivery: the main thing - prevention
- What are hemorrhoids and how it appears
What are hemorrhoids and how it appears
Hemorrhoids - a disease resulting from the overflow of blood veins in the anus. These advanced, with a thick wound in coils veins called hemorrhoids.
Causes of hemorrhoids increased intra-abdominal pressure that lasted for a few months of pregnancy and during the birth has increased dramatically pushing. The blood vessels of the rectum swell from congestion, increase in volume and on the wall of the rectum there is a protrusion or hemorrhoid.
Contribute to the formation of hemorrhoids sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy irregular meals, congenital defects in the structure of veins, taking certain drugs (eg, oral contraceptives), frequent use of laxatives and enemas, alcohol abuse, obesity, weight lifting (pregnancy - is the severity).
Hemorrhoids can be either internal or external. External hemorrhoids can be seen and probe, internal as externally noticeable, as are formed within the wall of the rectum. Internal hemorrhoids are more dangerous because it can cause severe bleeding, anemia, the effects of which will be
Anemia - when you do not have enough blood
(anemia), which is especially desirable for a pregnant woman.
Adrift distinguish between acute and chronic hemorrhoids
Signs of acute hemorrhoids postpartum period
In the initial stage in acute hemorrhoids
Acute Hemorrhoids - office workers at risk
itching and burning in the anus, which is enhanced by a bowel movement and then slowly decrease - this could cause a long delay in the chair in the postpartum period. Gradually hemorrhoids increase in size, around the zone there is inflammation with redness and swelling. Sphincters (terminals) of the rectum compressed defecation becomes sharply painful, the pain is almost stopped and after a bowel movement, increasing walking and sitting. Gradually the swelling extends to the entire area of the anus, spasm of the sphincter is enhanced, it is joined by a reflexive spasm of the sphincter of the bladder
Urinary bladder - structure and function
Complications of acute hemorrhoids - necrosis (necrosis) of tissue site for squeezing their surrounding tissues swollen, bleeding and inflammation of the tissues surrounding the rectum (abscess)
Symptoms of chronic hemorrhoids occurring after childbirth
There is a chronic hemorrhoids gradually, sometimes after defecation appear itching and burning in the anus, as well as a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bowel. The pain disappears, then reappears, and so can continue for a long time. Then the woman begins to notice that after a bowel movement appeared slight spotting
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
, The volume of which increases with time. In pregnant women, hemorrhoids often does not manifest, remember him often after birth, when he gives the aggravation and bleeding. The fact that the passage of the baby's head through the pelvis are pressed tissues (including veins) mother located in this area, which leads to a drastic violation of the venous outflow and all the ensuing complications.
Hemorrhoids are increasing in size and begin to fall from the rectum. First, they only occur during a bowel movement at this stage they reduce a self. Then, the nodes fall under gravity and reduce a rise only by hand. Finally, there comes a time when the nodes have not reduce a. Such sites may occur necrosis, which in turn will cause severe bleeding. The skin around the anus become inflamed due to constant discharge.
Hemorrhoids has characteristic features which are identified in the course of medical examination. In addition to visual inspection is carried out as digital examination of the rectum, which allows you to identify the hemorrhoids and determine the extent of their defeat. In some cases, carried out a study of the rectal mucosa using a special device (sigmoidoscopy).
The treatment of hemorrhoids
To treat hemorrhoids during pregnancy is necessary, as it can give bleeding complications and inflammatory diseases, which certainly does not affect the course of pregnancy and childbirth.
Proctologist, above all, respect the right to recommend a diet with plenty of roughage - this will prevent constipation and reduce the symptoms of the disease, advise to walk more and do the exercises of physiotherapy.
To remove the inflammation, spasms and pain appointed special candles and ointments.
Prevention should start in advance when symptoms of hemorrhoids yet. To do this, lead sedentary lives, are especially useful for pregnant women walking. Every day you need to do a set of special gymnastic exercises to strengthen the pelvic muscles, and in any case not to wear garter dress.