When breast-feeding woman is almost always runs the risk of becoming pregnant. And since the birth of another child in this case it is almost always undesirable, is the only way out - an abortion, which in this period of a woman's life can be an extremely negative impact on her health. So today, a lot of attention paid to the nursing mothers of contraception, including emergency.
In some cases, you may need emergency contraception
Today, many women already know that there is even the possibility of getting pregnant while breastfeeding, when there is no menstruation. Menstruation at this time absent, since ovulation is suppressed pituitary hormone prolactin - that he "reigns" in women during breastfeeding. But other pituitary hormones are on the alert as soon as a break between breastfeeding becomes large (over four hours), they immediately begin to stand out in the blood and stimulate oocyte maturation and ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
Therefore, if during breastfeeding had unprotected sexual contact, it is better to err and to conduct emergency contraception. Today, there are drugs that allow you to do this for a long time without interrupting breastfeeding. These drugs are eskapel and postinor, they contain only progestogen - synthetic versions of the female hormone progesterone. This hormone does not inhibit lactation and has expressed no negative impact on the child. But he stands out from human milk, so when taking hormone pills for emergency contraception baby is not recommended to breast-feed during the day.
Emergency contraception during breastfeeding using eskapel and Postinor
In preparations for the emergency contraceptive Postinor and eskapel active substance is levonorgestrel - a synthetic analogue of progesterone. One tablet eskapel it contains 1, 5 mg, and Postinor - 750 mg, that is half the size. Both drugs are known to produce pharmaceutical company Gedeon Richter (Hungary).
The mechanism of action of these drugs is based on the fact that a large amount of progestogen suppresses the secretion of female hormones estrogen and does not allow the egg to mature. Immature egg can not get out of the ovary (ovulation is suppressed), and, therefore, participate in the process of fertilization after unprotected intercourse.
In addition, eskapel and postinor
Postinor - used very carefully!
cause changes in the lining of the uterus, which prevent its introduction into a fertilized egg.
How to carry out emergency contraception using eskapel and Postinor
Prevention should be done as soon as possible after unprotected sex, not later than 72 hours - in taking tablets at a later date contraceptive efficacy is reduced. The formulations may be applied on any day of the menstrual cycle
The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
Postinor: receiving a first one tablet, and after 12 hours (the gap allowed between receipt of tablets to 16 hours) second. If within three hours after the first or the second tablet vomited, it is necessary to take another tablet.
Eskapel: take one tablet, and if within three hours there was vomiting, receiving repeated.
After the emergency contraceptive Postinor or using eskapel until the next menstrual period, or within a month if the menstruation has not yet begun for the prevention of unwanted pregnancies need to use barrier methods (condom, diaphragm). Repeated reception eskapel or Postinor during one menstrual cycle is not desirable, as it increases the risk of bleeding.
If a woman is breastfeeding, after taking Postinor eskapel or breastfeeding should be interrupted for a day.
Side effects eskapel and Postinor and contraindications for their use
Both drugs have the same side effects and contraindications for use.
Side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, abdominal pain, bleeding and vaginal bleeding unrelated to the menstrual cycle, the delay of the next menstrual period, but no more than a week (if more - you want to exclude pregnancy). All of these side effects do not require discontinuation of therapy.
But if there were allergic reactions such as urticaria, angioedema, rash, itching, medicines should not be used longer.
Admission eskapel and Postinor is contraindicated in:
- in severe liver diseases in violation of its functions;
- adolescents up to 16 years;
- if you become pregnant (but harm to the fetus when it has not been revealed);
- intolerance simple carbohydrates (lactose, glucose, galactose) - tablets eskapel postinor and they are present as auxiliaries;
- if you are hypersensitive components eskapel and Postinor.
Precautions eskpel postinor and must be applied at any diseases of the liver or biliary tract, ulcerative lesions bowel and while feeding the baby
Breastfeeding - a personal choice