Botox is known to all as a drug used to prevent wrinkles. Did you know that he is able to eliminate excessive sweating? In addition to anti-aging is another drug that has a number of useful features that make it desirable not only in cosmetics, but also in medicine.
The toxin produced by the bacterium
Botox - botulinum toxin is, which is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It is responsible for the development of botulism - a rare disease, but it is very dangerous, leading to respiratory failure. A protein which is secreted by the bacterium, is able to block the activity of muscle cells. The toxin inhibits nerve impulses, prevents the reduction of muscle cells and leads to paralysis of the muscles.
Since the eighties, Botox became known primarily as a drug used for aesthetic purposes for the local paralysis of the facial muscles, due to which there are wrinkles. Botox helps to avoid surgical vmeshatelstva and injected into the muscle without prior anesthesia, but after a few months, he naturally eliminated from the body, and the muscle recovers its activity. That is, the effect of Botox is reversible. In most cases botulinum toxin is used in conjunction with hyaluronic acid: Botox paralyzes the muscle, and hyaluronic acid fills in existing wrinkles, leveling the skin.
To get the spread and popularity that has botox these days, it took many years and eight registration certificates for use in the therapeutic effect, lasting several months.
Multiple sclerosis and disorders of the spinal cord
In the field of neurology has found the use of Botox for the treatment of patients with multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury and paralysis. The main side effect of these disorders is urinary incontinence. This is due to the effects on detrusor - the main muscle of the bladder. There it hyperstimulation, constant pressure on the bladder and monitor containment impossible. Also increases the load on the kidneys and there is a risk of diseases such as renal stones
Kidney failure - when treatment is vital
and even skin irritation (scabs, erythema).
To reduce the pressure on the detrusor, you need to take anticholinergics. They show the effectiveness of, but can not say that they are 100% guarantee the absence of incontinence. Many patients when taking such medications complain of side effects such as dry mouth, blurred vision.
When medications are ineffective
Medicines opposing Botox do not always show the effectiveness, so in rare cases it is recommended to undergo surgery to increase bladder capacity
Urinary bladder - structure and function
. This operation is irreversible and difficult, so few patients at her hesitant.
The third option of treatment - treatment to Botox. Botulinum toxin helps to reduce the pressure on the detrusor and avoid frequent urge to urinate. Studies have shown that the effect of Botox lasts an average of nine months after the introduction and after the end of the injection can be repeated without harm to health and to reduce the effectiveness of the drug.
Strabismus, cramps and excessive sweating
Botulinum toxin can be used for ophthalmic solutions of problems, such as, for example, strabismus
Strabismus - how to find the cause?
or recent paralysis of the eye muscles. In addition it can be used in the case of spasmodic torticollis
Torticollis - can pass itself
In case of violation of cerebral circulation Botox is able to participate in the spasticity of the upper limb of the nerve cells, helping to relax the muscles.
Another ability of this drug - the cessation of hyperhidrosis. Sweating, which is resistant to local treatments successfully eliminated local injections of Botox in the armpit.
Currently, other abilities botulinum toxin actively studied with a view to later use in medical and aesthetic purposes. Do Botox is undoubtedly a great future, as it has already proved its effectiveness in many areas, and in addition, its compelling quality is a long-term positive effect and reversibility.