Keloid scar can not be confused with anything. The appearance of his character: red, brilliant and constantly increasing. He brings a lot of trouble for both patients and doctors, and the latest is not always to blame for his appearance.
What is a keloid scar
We know that the scar (or scars) appear on the skin after the violation of its integrity. It is a connective tissue that grows instead of skin replaces the resulting defect. The process of forming scar called scar maturation. By the end of maturing (which lasts a few months), the scar becomes pale and not very noticeable on the skin. And over the years he did it almost drained.
But in some cases, especially after burns, normal maturation of the scar is broken, it is long preserved blood vessels and appear atypical chemical composition and structure of collagen fibers that is formed tumor proliferation of connective tissue, called a keloid.
The reasons for the formation of keloid to date not well understood, but it is believed that the main cause of keloid scar in place is usually genetic, inherited features of connective tissue. These features are "forced" connective tissue cells actively proliferate in response to any injury, including a very small. These people often find a variety of hormonal changes, metabolic disorders
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
, Chronic infections (such as tuberculosis), chronic non-specific foci of infection (eg, chronic gynecological infectious and inflammatory diseases, chronic tonsillitis).
Keloid scar can be true and false.
True keloid scar
True keloid appears without any reason. Often it occurs in men at the front surface of the chest in the form of a small tumor-bright pink shiny formation. Sometimes on the surface of the keloid visible streaks of blood vessels (telangiectasia). At the touch of this formation is a dense, elastic and completely painless. Keloid begins to grow rapidly, more in length, its height (elevation above the surface of the skin) is typically about 5-10 mm. From the side surfaces of the scar often depart branches, making a scar-like claws of cancer. But the general state of human keloid scar is not reflected, representing only a cosmetic defect.
False keloid scar
False keloid scar may appear on the skin after an injury (such as a gunshot or knife wounds, burns, and even just a scratch). It can occur in the place of usual scar after pustular skin diseases
Pustular skin diseases - it is difficult to get rid of hard to live
, Venous ulcers.
If there is a keloid scar on the place of usual, the growth of its first imperceptible. There is a feeling that scar just inflamed, but in fact no pain or any other sensation in this area often does not happen. Gradually the rumen grows by connective tissue, it becomes bright (pink, red or bluish) and brilliant, towering above the skin. Then gradually scar fades and becomes normal color of scar tissue.
False keloid can have other forms, for example, in the form of point proliferation of connective tissue at the site of acne
Acne: facial trouble
Arising in the hormonal surges of adolescence on the chest, back and face.
Diagnosis and treatment of keloids
Keloid scar (both true and false) have a very distinctive look, however, they must be distinguished from ordinary too overgrown (hypertrophic) scars, and skin cancers. Sometimes it is taken for further diagnosis piece of scar tissue for histological examination.
Keloid scar typically not removed, as this may lead to further widening. Conservative treatment is to improve the metabolism. For this purpose, patients are administered vitaminoterapiyu (A, E, C, B group), macro- and trace elements (particularly iron preparations). For the connective tissue resorption topically administered enzymes (lidazu, chymotrypsin) or by injection in the form of electrophoresis.
Assist physiotherapy: electrophoresis with potassium iodide, ultrasound with glucocorticoid hormones. In some cases, help to mud
Mud - a pleasant and useful procedure
, Thermotherapy (ozokerite).
If after surgery you had a keloid scar, do not rush to blame the surgeon to operate you will most likely cause of keloids are the individual characteristics of your own body.