Impetigo - the scourge of kindergartens - Types

May 31, 2009

  • Impetigo - the scourge of kindergartens
  • Kinds

What is impetigo and why it occurs

Impetigo - a skin disease caused by streptococci and staphylococci. A major role in the occurrence of impetigo belongs minor injuries, soak the skin and ingress of pathogens. Impetigo can be a primary or secondary, i.e. complication of any other skin disease, such as scabies Scabies - when overwhelmed by ticks  Scabies - when overwhelmed by ticks
   or eczema Eczema - is difficult to treat  Eczema - is difficult to treat
 . There are strep impetigo, staphylococcal and mixed.

 Forms | Impetigo - the scourge of kindergartens

Strep impetigo

Strep impetigo begins with the formation of towering little prone to the growth of elements such as bubbles (conflict), ranging in size from 2-10 mm and over. Eruptions dispersed or crowded groups, surrounded by a narrow rim of reddened skin. Content conflict first transparent, then it becomes cloudy and shrinking in light yellow crust disappears in 5-7 days, after which the spots are devoid of pigmentation.

The varieties of strep impetigo is easy zoster Ringworm - not only infectious disease  Ringworm - not only infectious disease
   person or dry pyoderma - pockets melkoplastinchatogo peeling with a slight reddening of the skin.

Another type of strep impetigo - streptococcal perleches, which are more common in children. They begin with the appearance of a bubble in the corner of the mouth with a thin flabby tire in its place quickly formed slit-like erosion, after the removal of which is detected by the wet red easily bleeding surface with a crack down the middle. After one to two hours Zayed again crusts. The process may be accompanied by a little soreness in the mouth opening. The process is often extended to the oral mucosa. Sometimes impetigo it occurs in isolation in the mouth, where in place quickly opened conflicts formed painful erosion covers purulent coating.

A variety of cystic impetigo is a felon and a surface in which the conflict arises in the nail shaft arched around the nail on the site barbs trauma (for example, during a manicure), a needle prick, and so on. When injury of this conflict is revealed and formed weeping erosion in a large number of streptococci in the discharge.

 Forms | Impetigo - the scourge of kindergartens

Staphylococcal impetigo (folliculitis)

Folliculitis - is inflammation of the hair follicle caused by staphylococci. Folliculitis can be superficial or deep. Superficial folliculitis is characterized by the formation of multiple small (1-2 mm, the individual may reach 5 mm) pustules, pierced in the center of hair and surrounded by a narrow pink border. On the day of their contents 3-4 dries, yellow crusts appear, after the falling away of which, the skin is left traces.

With deep follicles on the skin formed painful nodules red value is 5 mm or more in diameter, with occasionally abscess middle. A few days later the knot dissolves or abscesses, and then opened. After healing of the nodule is often ribbed.

 Forms | Impetigo - the scourge of kindergartens

Mixed (streptostafilokokkovoe) impetigo

With the combination of streptococcal and staphylococcal infection develops mixed (vulgar) impetigo, where the contents of the conflict is purulent and peel - massive. When removing the crusts exposed wet eroded surface. Located vulgar impetigo usually on the face and other exposed skin. For disease-prone children, adolescents and young women. Without treatment, a number of former eruptions or in remote areas of the skin there are new phlyctenas, the process often takes a common character. It has the value of the transfer of infection to new areas through the hands and clothes.

 Forms | Impetigo - the scourge of kindergartens

Complications of impetigo

Most often, the disease ends without consequences, but there may be complications. One of the most unpleasant complications are complications of the kidneys (nephritis) and heart (miokrdity).

Staphylococcal impetigo may be complicated by widespread purulent processes - abscesses and phlegmon.

 Forms | Impetigo - the scourge of kindergartens

Treatment of Impetigo

Treatment of impetigo is usually carried out in the clinic. The patient or mother (if a child is sick) explain that the affected and surrounding skin should not be washed with water, they should be cleaned twice a day disinfectants (such as salicylic or camphor alcohol). Separate phlyctenas treated zelenkoj opened and then applied antibiotic ointment Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?  Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
   (e.g., erythromycin). Such treatment is carried out 3-4 times a day for 7-10 days, without imposing on the skin dressing. After treatment for 1-2 weeks, rub the affected area with alcohol. In severe infections in young children are assigned antibiotics (oral or intramuscular).

To avoid the disease, it is necessary to observe the rules of personal hygiene, sick children should not be led to a kindergarten.

  Galina Romanenko

How to get rid of acne on the chest and back: subtlety and cunning - Treatment

December 23 2010

  • How to get rid of acne on the chest and the back: the subtleties and tricks
  • Treatment

Types of acne on the body

The most common form of acne on the chest and back acne vulgaris called. This type of acne is most common in teenagers, but occurs in adults. Acne vulgaris is accompanied by the formation of various kinds of rashes pryschevoy - closed comedones or blackheads. In this form of the disease look like small papules inflamed pink seal, but in some cases can turn into large, pus-filled blisters, after which the scars.


The causes of acne on the chest and back

In most cases, the appearance of acne on the chest and the back is due to other health problems - for example, elevated levels of the hormone androgen in the body, which affects the size of the sebaceous glands. As a result of androgen excess sebaceous glands produce excessive secretion.

In addition, in some cases, regular bouts of acne heredity explains that some people are genetically predisposed to the appearance of acne on his back and chest. Also, the appearance of acne can affect a variety of serious diseases - including diabetes, ovarian tumors, polycystic ovarian syndrome Polycystic ovaries - watch their menstruation  Polycystic ovaries - watch their menstruation
 Hyperplasia Hyperplasia - do not be afraid  Hyperplasia - do not be afraid

Skin irritation worsens the skin condition acne and makes it difficult to treat. To avoid irritation, it is necessary to wear clothes made of "breathable" fabrics - for example, natural cotton, and regularly change clothes with the appearance of perspiration.


Treatment of Acne

To cure acne on the body is much more difficult than on the face, because the affected area is usually much more. However, with the correct treatment regimen of acne on the chest and the back can be removed without consequences.

  • In simple cases of acne on the body of one of the most effective methods of treatment is the treatment of the affected area 10% solution of alpha-hydroxy acid, after thorough cleansing.
  • In severe cases of Acne Treatment Body recommended treat the skin after thorough cleansing 2, 5% benzyl peroxide solution and a 10% solution of alpha-hydroxy acid. If regular treatment does not work, it is recommended for the treatment of acne drug Accutane special.
  • In the treatment of acne Acne Treatment - squeeze is not recommended  Acne Treatment - squeeze is not recommended
   you must regularly remove dead skin cells with a mild exfoliating scrub every day and take a shower with warm water.
  • Instead of the usual soaps you need to use a special shower gel with balanced pH, as in acne skin pH greater rate than usual and ordinary soap can aggravate inflammation.
  • When acne is not recommended to wear tight clothing or a heavy backpack - you must wear clothing made of natural "breathable" fabrics such as cotton, to stimulate the evaporation of sweat.
  • To speed up the healing process, it is best to use a cleaning cosmetics specifically for skin prone to acne - it will effectively clean the pores.
  • To accelerate the healing process of acne allows regular weekly reception of a hot bath with Epsom salts or dried chamomile.
  • On damaged skin is better not to apply the cream or other "heavy" makeup.
  • When acne on the back or chest, you should regularly change the bed linen, especially pillowcases.
  • To speed up the process of acne treatment recommended physical activities that stimulate microcirculation, and normalize the endocrine system. After strenuous exercise should immediately take a shower to remove sweat.
  • If necessary, be for a long time recommended for outdoor use sunscreen Sunscreen is not just for the beach  Sunscreen is not just for the beach
   or lotion and wash his return home.
  • When acne is by no means impossible to use a moisturizing makeup oil-based - such products clog pores, exacerbating the inflammatory process. The best option - a moisturizing cosmetics, which consists of plant oils (such as jojoba oil, hazelnut oil, borage oil) and linoleic acid.
  • Certain creams containing natural oils help to regulate the secretion of the sebaceous glands, stimulating the healing process of acne on the chest, back and shoulders.
  • Since the appearance of acne on the chest or back pain may be caused by certain health problems, it is best to consult a dermatologist, who will determine the cause of the disease.

Article Tags:
  • acne