- Impetigo - the scourge of kindergartens
What is impetigo and why it occurs
Impetigo - a skin disease caused by streptococci and staphylococci. A major role in the occurrence of impetigo belongs minor injuries, soak the skin and ingress of pathogens. Impetigo can be a primary or secondary, i.e. complication of any other skin disease, such as scabies
Scabies - when overwhelmed by ticks
Eczema - is difficult to treat
. There are strep impetigo, staphylococcal and mixed.
Strep impetigo begins with the formation of towering little prone to the growth of elements such as bubbles (conflict), ranging in size from 2-10 mm and over. Eruptions dispersed or crowded groups, surrounded by a narrow rim of reddened skin. Content conflict first transparent, then it becomes cloudy and shrinking in light yellow crust disappears in 5-7 days, after which the spots are devoid of pigmentation.
The varieties of strep impetigo is easy zoster
Ringworm - not only infectious disease
person or dry pyoderma - pockets melkoplastinchatogo peeling with a slight reddening of the skin.
Another type of strep impetigo - streptococcal perleches, which are more common in children. They begin with the appearance of a bubble in the corner of the mouth with a thin flabby tire in its place quickly formed slit-like erosion, after the removal of which is detected by the wet red easily bleeding surface with a crack down the middle. After one to two hours Zayed again crusts. The process may be accompanied by a little soreness in the mouth opening. The process is often extended to the oral mucosa. Sometimes impetigo it occurs in isolation in the mouth, where in place quickly opened conflicts formed painful erosion covers purulent coating.
A variety of cystic impetigo is a felon and a surface in which the conflict arises in the nail shaft arched around the nail on the site barbs trauma (for example, during a manicure), a needle prick, and so on. When injury of this conflict is revealed and formed weeping erosion in a large number of streptococci in the discharge.
Staphylococcal impetigo (folliculitis)
Folliculitis - is inflammation of the hair follicle caused by staphylococci. Folliculitis can be superficial or deep. Superficial folliculitis is characterized by the formation of multiple small (1-2 mm, the individual may reach 5 mm) pustules, pierced in the center of hair and surrounded by a narrow pink border. On the day of their contents 3-4 dries, yellow crusts appear, after the falling away of which, the skin is left traces.
With deep follicles on the skin formed painful nodules red value is 5 mm or more in diameter, with occasionally abscess middle. A few days later the knot dissolves or abscesses, and then opened. After healing of the nodule is often ribbed.
Mixed (streptostafilokokkovoe) impetigo
With the combination of streptococcal and staphylococcal infection develops mixed (vulgar) impetigo, where the contents of the conflict is purulent and peel - massive. When removing the crusts exposed wet eroded surface. Located vulgar impetigo usually on the face and other exposed skin. For disease-prone children, adolescents and young women. Without treatment, a number of former eruptions or in remote areas of the skin there are new phlyctenas, the process often takes a common character. It has the value of the transfer of infection to new areas through the hands and clothes.
Complications of impetigo
Most often, the disease ends without consequences, but there may be complications. One of the most unpleasant complications are complications of the kidneys (nephritis) and heart (miokrdity).
Staphylococcal impetigo may be complicated by widespread purulent processes - abscesses and phlegmon.
Treatment of Impetigo
Treatment of impetigo is usually carried out in the clinic. The patient or mother (if a child is sick) explain that the affected and surrounding skin should not be washed with water, they should be cleaned twice a day disinfectants (such as salicylic or camphor alcohol). Separate phlyctenas treated zelenkoj opened and then applied antibiotic ointment
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
(e.g., erythromycin). Such treatment is carried out 3-4 times a day for 7-10 days, without imposing on the skin dressing. After treatment for 1-2 weeks, rub the affected area with alcohol. In severe infections in young children are assigned antibiotics (oral or intramuscular).
To avoid the disease, it is necessary to observe the rules of personal hygiene, sick children should not be led to a kindergarten.