- Food poisoning: how to avoid becoming a victim of its own stomach
- Myths and Facts
- Home Treatment
- Folk remedies
- First aid
First aid for food poisoning
Food poisoning - this phenomenon is especially characteristic of the summer. Going on vacation in the southern region, you should always be alert to the possibility that somewhere meet substandard products. And here we must not get lost in time and be able to provide first aid to the victim.
First aid food poisoning
Food poisoning in the summer often occurs in the form of food poisoning - poisoning caused by the colonization of different products. Toxic effects have themselves microorganisms and their toxins. The body, in order to get rid of poor-quality food, starts processes vomiting and diarrhea.
It is necessary to remember that until vomit have leftover food, stop vomiting by various antiemetics impossible. On the contrary, it is necessary to help the body as soon as possible to get rid of ingested by gastric lavage and enema. The sooner these procedures will be carried out, the faster will be the symptoms of poisoning.
Flush can stomach with 2% sodium carbonate solution, 0, 1% (slightly pink) solution of potassium permanganate or just boiled water, adding thereto 10 Tablets mashed charcoal
Activated carbon - old but indispensable
per liter of water. A liter of the solution (it should not be warm - this solution will be absorbed in the stomach) to drink quickly large gulps, and then click on the root of the tongue and cause vomiting. Irrigate the stomach to a few times to clean water.
After washing the stomach to do a cleansing enema, using just water. Enema also need to do a few times.
Then you need to start slowly replenish lost fluids. Sometimes irritable stomach it takes more than one teaspoon of liquid. In this case, the dose can be given to the affected every 3 - 5 minutes. Once the nausea will pass, liquid dose can be gradually increased. You can drink only boiled water, mineral water without gas. But it is better if it is a special saline solution, for example, rehydron. Regidron sold in powder form, which is dissolved in boiling water in accordance with the instructions printed on the bag, and as the drinking water. In this case, it compensate for the lack, both liquid and mineral salts, which is very important. If not at hand rehydron
Regidron - will help restore the water-salt balance
It is possible to drink lightly salted water (0, 9% solution, which is called physiological). Per liter of saline can add some glucose tablets
Glucose: The energy source
- It will give additional energy cells, especially those who need it most - the cells of the liver and the brain.
If nausea, vomiting and diarrhea do not stop, and the victim is unable to hold the liquid, then he can become dehydrated or exsicosis - a serious condition that causes complications in the internal organs. Exsicosis evident thirst, dry skin and mucous membranes, sharp-featured face. In this case, do not hesitate - you should immediately seek medical help.
First aid for poisoning
Emergency doctor always starts first aid with gastric lavage, because if nausea and vomiting continue to bother the patient, it means that an independent gastric lavage was insufficient. Gastric lavage Policy Pay in this case by means of a gastric probe.
After thorough washing of the stomach nausea and vomiting can be stopped with the help of special drugs (eg Cerucalum). Independently administered tserukal
Reglan: help against nausea
It not recommended, as should be the belief that the stomach is empty.
If the patient expressed dehydration, it is transported to the hospital, where the water-salt balance reduced with salt solutions, which are administered intravenously. How long such a patient in the hospital is usually not delayed - day - two - not more.
If any signs of food poisoning should immediately call an ambulance
In some cases, food poisoning without medical assistance is necessary. Medical care must be addressed if:
- patient once had a high temperature, began uncontrollable vomiting, impaired consciousness;
- patient convulsions;
- despite washing the stomach and intestines, the patient continues to lose fluid from vomiting and loose stool;
- there are signs exsicosis - dry skin and mucous membranes, pointed facial features;
- poisoned the child - the child's body reacts violently to various poisons and the treatment for it is better to seek medical help.
Food poisoning require emergency care. On how quickly this assistance will be provided depends, sometimes, life and future health of the victim.