Activated carbon - old, but indispensable - Gastritis

March 3, 2014

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 activated carbon and gastritis

Activated carbon and gastritis

Activated carbon is used in certain types of gastritis, but not at all. For example, chronic gastritis with decreased secretion of the activated charcoal is contraindicated, as it can further reduce the amount of gastric juice in the stomach.


What is gastritis and its species

Gastritis - the defeat of the gastric mucosa. Gastritis can be acute or chronic. In acute gastritis defeat carries primarily inflammatory in nature, while chronic - atrophic (with a decrease in the volume of the gastric mucosa) violation of the gastrointestinal tract, and whole organism.

Acute gastritis are due to errors in nutrition, infections, food poisoning, poisoning, alkalis and acids. At the same time inflammation may wear catarrhal (redness and swelling), corrosive (in violation of the integrity of the mucosa), fibrinous (with the formation of fibrinous films on the surface of the mucous membranes) and flegmanozny (involving all layers of the stomach wall).

Chronic gastritis are the result of delayed or incomplete treatment of acute gastritis Gastritis - several stomach disorders  Gastritis - several stomach disorders
   or malnutrition, eating large quantities of substances that irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach, eating cold food, some of the drugs. Chronic gastritis may occur with normal, high and low secretory function.


How to use activated charcoal in acute gastritis

Activated carbon - is an adsorbent (the drug precipitating on the surface thereof fine particles of various substances, including toxins), which is available in tablets, capsules and packets with the powder for oral administration.

For the treatment of acute gastritis, which proceeds with nausea Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system  Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system
   and vomiting, is best suited powder packets. In order to rid the stomach of poor quality, irritating or poisonous food, it should be cleaned. In this case, using activated charcoal. The boiled water at room temperature for lavage is added about 10 grams of activated carbon per liter of water. Stomach washed several times to clean water, thus using up to 30 g of activated charcoal.

Activated charcoal tablets of 0, 5, 0, 25 g karbolenom called, it is much less active than the drug in the powder, but can also be used for washing the stomach, but it is necessary to grind the tablets and pour into water for washing the stomach.

After vomiting in acute gastritis stopped, from the remnants of substandard food and poisons need to clean the intestines. Purify the intestine using an enema, using just water (activated charcoal can irritate the intestinal mucosa). Thereafter carbol may be used in tablets the rate of 1 - 2 g of (2 - 4 tablets carbol to 0, 5 g) 3 - 4 times a day for several days. To enhance the effect of removing toxic substances and taking pills pound and a half cups of water.


The use of activated carbon in chronic gastritis

Activated carbon is used mainly for chronic gastritis with high secretory activity. In this case, the activated carbon adsorbs and removes a part of the gastric content, which may irritate the gastric mucosa. But the disadvantage of this formulation is that it removes from the gastrointestinal tract and nutrients - hormones, enzymes, and vitamins. Therefore, long-term use of activated carbon is not necessary.

Do not use activated carbon in the ulcerative lesions and gastrointestinal bleeding - once in the bloodstream, it can cause a blockage (thrombosis) of the blood vessel. In some cases (very rare) is idiosyncrasy of this drug.

For the treatment of chronic gastritis with increased secretion of gastric juice is used on activated carbon 1 - 2 g of (2 - 4 tablets) 3 - 4 times per day. If the drug is used as part of a treatment, it is necessary to take into account that it can absorb and excrete other medicines, so it must be taken within two hours of their admission, or two hours before the reception.

It has activated carbon and side effects, which may adversely affect the course of chronic gastritis. This is constipation Constipation - Watch out for food  Constipation - Watch out for food
 , Diarrhea, staining of stool black. Do not bring your body a favor and resulting from the use of activated carbon deficiency of vitamins, hormones, enzymes, fats and proteins. It is also possible potassium deficiency which adversely affect the work of the heart muscle, calcium (it takes an active part in the work of all body cells) and glucose Glucose: The energy source  Glucose: The energy source
   - Develops its deficiency in the blood (hypoglycemia).

Activated carbon is an excellent adsorbent, which is usually prescribe short courses of treatment.

Ileus - the reasons may be different - Treatment

May 30, 2010

  • Ileus - the reasons may be different
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The choice of treatment of bowel obstruction depends on its type. The most common treatment of critically ill patients even begin to use conservative methods, and then, when the patient's condition improves, do the operation. But in certain types of severe obstruction is shown mainly conservative treatment.

 Treatment | bowel obstruction - the reasons may be different

How to start treatment of intestinal obstruction

First of all, conservative treatment is carried out with the purpose of removing pain, dehydration, intoxication and too strong peristalsis. ALWAYS drain bowel - cleansing and siphon enema with which in some types of bowel obstruction can achieve therapeutic effect - the elimination of obstruction. Work is also draining the stomach and duodenum using a special probe - from the upper gastrointestinal tract is removed all the content.

For suspected intussusception (the insertion of one of the intestine into another) is introduced into the intestine air that spreads intestine. Most often, this method of conservative treatment used in children. Colonoscopy can remove a foreign body or fecal stone when obstructive ileus.

For removal increased motor activity of the intestine prescribed antispasmodics, e.g., Nospanum No-spa - lowers the tone of smooth muscles  No-spa - lowers the tone of smooth muscles
 . For pain relief is conducted perirenal novocaine blockade. Pronounced symptoms of intoxication are reduced when administered intravenously special solutions.

If such a blockade does not work, it says that the obstruction is mechanical in nature and the patient required surgery. If conservative treatment helped, and intestinal obstruction was eliminated, the patient should be fully examined to determine the cause of the disease.

All of these conservative measures often result in relief of intestinal obstruction in most patients with obstructive (usually in the colon) and the adhesive form of the disease. If they do not help, then conservative treatment becomes part of the preoperative preparation. In deciding whether a patient needs surgery should be spent not more than three hours, or begin serious complications.

 Treatment | bowel obstruction - the reasons may be different

Surgical treatment of intestinal obstruction

The operation is performed under general anesthesia. The goal of surgery is to remove the cause of the intestinal obstruction. Often the surgeon proceed with the transaction, does not know what he will do. Only after opening of the abdominal cavity and clarify the form of intestinal obstruction it is determined with the tactics of surgical treatment.

When you roll the reversal is performed with bowel mesentery (ligament, which is suspended from the intestine in the abdominal cavity, there are blood vessels and nerves). If during the operation portion is detected necrosis (necrosis) of the intestinal wall, carried the deletion of this site.

When adhesive intestinal obstruction are cut spikes Adhesions - how to get rid of them?  Adhesions - how to get rid of them?
 Which squeezed and deformed intestines. If you find the focus of inflammation, which caused the development of adhesions, it is also removed. If the spikes are so pronounced that they can not be cut, superimposed anastomosis (connection) between the undamaged portions of the intestine.

When intussusception spend squeezing taken root portion of the intestine, not the drawing. If this fails or in the intestinal wall revealed areas of necrosis, the resection of the affected bowel.

If the cause of obstruction was the tumor (obstructive ileus), which developed in the lumen of the intestine, it is removed. Sometimes immediately performed radical surgery (ie complete surgery), if it is not possible, restore the intestinal patency, and treatment of tumors is carried out in stages.

During the operation remove the toxic contents of the intestine. This is usually done with the help of a probe that is moving through the intestine to the maximum distance. The abdomen was dried by removing therefrom effusion, and antibiotics are administered to it Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?  Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
 After which the wound was sutured.

 Treatment | bowel obstruction - the reasons may be different

Postoperative rehabilitation treatment

The objective of the postoperative treatment is the fullest possible release of the intestine, restoring its normal motor activity, anti-intoxication and dehydration, restoring normal blood flow in the abdominal cavity.

Permanent aspiration Aspiration: the main thing - do not get confused  Aspiration: the main thing - do not get confused
   (extraction using a special machine), the gastrointestinal contents for 2 - 3 days after the operation, and eliminates the toxicity contributes to the restoration of normal intestinal peristalsis. Work is also pain therapy.

During the first 5 - 6 days after the operation the patient is typically administered parenterally (bypassing intestine) power in the form of intravenous drip administration of nutrient solutions. Then he gradually moves to a normal diet.