Gastritis - several stomach disorders

January 28, 2007

  • Gastritis - several stomach disorders
  • Signs and symptoms

 The term "gastritis" refers to a group of diseases that are characterized by inflammation of the lining of the stomach wall. Often the cause of the inflammation are the same bacteria, because of which in most cases is formed a stomach ulcer.



The main symptoms of gastritis are:

  • Acute or burning pain in the upper abdomen; pain may become stronger or weaker postprandial
  • Sickness
  • Vomiting

Sometimes gastritis symptoms.

In most cases, the symptoms of gastritis are fast, and the next time will not soon appear. In this case, go to the doctor is not required. However, if the symptoms occur on a regular basis, at least for a week, you should consult a doctor. Be sure to tell him how you operate non-prescription painkillers.



Usually gastritis develops when loose or damaged protective membrane of the stomach. Normally, the mucosa of the stomach wall protects against acids, which contribute to the digestion of food. If it is weakened, gastric juice may damage the inner lining of the stomach and cause inflammation. Some diseases increase the risk of gastritis.

Gastritis can be acute - it develops quickly and lasts a short time, or chronic - a gastritis develops gradually and can last for months.


Risk factors

  • Bacterial infection

The bacteria Helicobacter pylori gastritis may cause, very often - chronic. Some experts believe that this bacterium is infected half the world's population, but most of the people until the end of life are just carriers of this bacterium without experiencing any symptoms and may not even be aware that they are infected. Some people Helicobacter pylori destroys protecting gastric mucosa, causing a change in the internal walls of the stomach. It is not known why some infected with Helicobacter pylori develop peptic ulcer or gastritis, and others - no. Some experts believe that a predisposition to this disorder can be congenital; moreover, its effect can have bad habits, stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
   and other lifestyle factors.

  • Regular use of pain medications

Common Painkillers as aspirin, ibuprofen Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug  Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug
   and naproxen, can cause both acute and chronic gastritis. Their frequent use and / or receiving high doses reduces the amount of substance required to keep the protective lining of the stomach. If the patient takes painkillers from time to time, the likelihood of stomach problems rather small.

  • Advanced age

Older people have higher chances of developing gastritis, because with age gastric mucosa becomes thinner, in addition, they are more common autoimmune disorders and infections caused by Helicobacter pylori.

  • Alcohol abuse

Alcohol irritates the stomach and destroys the wall, and thus, the stomach becomes more vulnerable to the action of the digestive juices. Alcohol abuse is the most common cause acute gastritis.

Severe damage caused by trauma, burns or surgery can cause acute gastritis.

  • Bile reflux

Bile, a substance that helps the body process fat produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. As necessary, it is thrown out and special ducts into the small intestine. Normally annular muscle - sphincter or pyloric valve does not fall into the bile from the small intestine into the stomach. However, if the operation of the valve is broken or has been surgically removed, the bile can get into the stomach - is a violation called bile reflux. It often leads to symptoms of gastritis.

Despite the variety of disorders accompanying gastritis, signs and symptoms of this disease are very similar: a sharp burning pain in the upper abdomen, periodic bloating, belching Belching: why it happens and that means  Belching: why it happens and that means
 , Nausea or vomiting.

In some cases, gastritis can go to the ulcer and increase the risk of cancer of the stomach Stomach cancer: genetics and lifestyle  Stomach cancer: genetics and lifestyle
 . However, in most cases, gastritis does not present any particular risk to the health and is easily treatable.

Geptral - use of the drug for liver diseases

December 2, 2012

 Heptral use
 At the heart of geptrala is a substance that is always present in the human body, actively influences the metabolic processes in the liver cells and promotes the excretion of toxic bile acid cells. Geptral also protects liver cells from the damaging effects of bile acids.

 Geptral - use of the drug for liver diseases

What intrahepatic cholestasis

Intrahepatic cholestasis - a condition in which there is an infringement of bile flow from the liver cells (hepatocytes). Bile thus accumulate in hepatocytes and does not reach the bile ducts, is not received (or it receives significantly less) in the duodenum. Such a condition can occur in violation of the synthesis of bile and its excretion from hepatocytes (intralobulyarny cholestasis), disorders developing in intrahepatic ducts (ekstralobulyarny cholestasis) or a combination of these disorders.

The formation and excretion of bile promote excretion of toxic substances is formed as a result of metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
   in the body, and received it from the outside. Bile is also actively involved in the process of digestion and absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Bile activates the pancreas Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know  Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know
 And motor activity of the gallbladder and intestines.

Bile is produced by entering the hepatocyte from the blood of its components (bile acids, cholesterol, bilirubin Bilirubin - a great tool for the diagnosis  Bilirubin - a great tool for the diagnosis
   et al.), the metabolic processes in the cell, resulting in secretion of bile and bile via specific transport systems in the bile duct using special proteins carrying transport function.

Intrahepatic cholestasis may develop on the background of viral, toxic (including alcohol), medicaments and other lesions of the liver. It is also possible development of intrahepatic cholestasis in cardiovascular disease, as well as metabolic disorders in the body, for example during pregnancy. Intrahepatic cholestasis can be one of the signs of chronic liver disease (chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis of different origin, metabolic disorders, liver tumors), or a separate process (eg, drug cholestasis, cholestasis of pregnancy).

Intralobulyarny cholestasis often asymptomatic and is manifested only by a change in laboratory parameters, and ekstralobulyarny has characteristic symptoms as caused by the flow of bile in the blood (jaundice, itchy skin), decrease in its revenues in the intestines (digestive disorders) and toxic effects of bile acids in the liver cells (destruction of hepatocytes and formation of cirrhosis of the liver).

 Geptral - use of the drug for liver diseases

Application geptrala for the treatment of intrahepatic cholestasis

In the treatment of trying to identify and eliminate the root cause of the disease, to restore the broken mechanisms of formation and excretion of bile and arrest the symptoms of the disease.

However, when alcohol and drug cholestasis elimination of toxic effects on the liver is not always eliminate the violations. Therefore, it is focusing on elimination of violations of the mechanisms of bile formation and biliary excretion. For this purpose most often used geptral.

Active ingredient is ademetionine geptrala - a natural substance that is present in the cells of the human body. Ademethionine restores the permeability of cell membranes increases the energy capacity of hepatocytes, resulting in improved receipt constituting bile from blood, their intracellular transport and secretion into bile flow. In hepatocytes geptlal stimulates the synthesis of glutathione, taurine and sulfate, which protects hepatocytes from the toxic effects of any substance.

Especially effective Heptral Geptral - protection and support to the liver and not only  Geptral - protection and support to the liver and not only
   when intralobulyarnom cholestasis of any origin, in which there is rarely severe symptoms and the disease is detected only by laboratory testing.

Geptral in this case initially administered by intramuscular or intravenous injection for two weeks and then transferred to a maintenance therapy in the form of tablet-taking orally for two months. Injections and oral treatment is usually carried out in the morning, as Heptral has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system.

Geptral intralobulyarnogo contributes to the resolution of cholestasis, as well as providing full beneficial effects on liver cells (hepatoprotective effect), including reducing a negative effect on hepatocytes insufficient supply of oxygen and their degradation under the influence of alcohol.

Thus geptral is a versatile tool in the treatment of liver diseases.

Galina Romanenko

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  • Heptral