Cervical warts - possibly precancerous condition

April 20, 2013

 Cervical warts
 Condyloma Cervical always causes suspicion among gynecologists, as can malinizirovatsya - degenerate into a malignant tumor. Especially prone to this rebirth. Flat warts, which have been identified recently.

 Cervical warts - possibly precancerous condition

The causes of genital warts, and flat in the area of ​​the cervix

Genital warts are flat and are caused by a viral infection - different types of human papillomavirus (HPV). The types of HPV that cause genital warts are considered to be less dangerous than the types that cause warts are flat. Especially dangerous are types 16 and 18 HPV - they most often cause cervical cancer. Quite often the same women can meet both types of warts.

 Cervical warts - possibly precancerous condition

Genital warts in the cervix

Genital warts may be located on the surface of the cervix. At the same time the cervix is ​​not the typical location of genital warts. Nevertheless, some genital warts can be located anywhere on the mucosa (epithelium) of the cervix. Genital warts have a thin base (foot), through which the fabric of her warts are feeding vessels. Color genital warts grayish-pink, sometimes it does not differ in color from the surrounding tissue.

If the vulva is no longer warts, a few small warts on the surface of the cervix may not manifest itself in any way, and a woman may not know about the disease - it can be identified only during gynecological examination. If the warts on the cervix enough, they can permanently injure during sexual intercourse. This leads to bleeding Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology  Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
   from the vagina, as well as discomfort. In this case, the warts can penetrate tissue bacterial infection, that lead to the development of inflammatory processes.

Genital warts in cervix may degenerate into malignant tumor, but it is not encountered as often.

 Cervical warts - possibly precancerous condition

Flat warts in the cervix

Flat warts in the cervix - it's much more dangerous disease than genital warts. Flat warts are often located in this area and in most cases are considered to be a precancerous condition. Externally flat condylomas kidneys do not differ from the surrounding tissue in color and do not protrude above the surface. Such notice warts during the inspection is not always possible. However, sometimes you can see the show through the epithelium of cervical warts rounded shape.

Flat warts and their role in the development of cervical cancer have been identified recently. Currently, the process of rebirth flat warts to cancer is not yet fully understood. It is found that the flat condyloma located inside the mucous membrane of the cervix and is not growing outward and inward, causing damage to the basal epithelial cells of the cervix. This is a very dangerous condition called dysplasia Dysplasia - what is it?  Dysplasia - what is it?

Sometimes flat warts occur without the development of dysplasia, but more often it is still present and the task of the physician is to identify the degree of dysplasia. For this purpose, a suspected flat warts woman necessarily colposcopy Colposcopy - how to prepare it properly?  Colposcopy - how to prepare it properly?
   - Doctor examines the epithelium of the cervix using a colposcope to increase several times.

Colposcopy is not only a good look at the surface of the cervix, but also aiming to take on histological examination of a piece of fabric flat warts Flat warts - the most dangerous form  Flat warts - the most dangerous form
   with adjacent portions of the mucous membrane.

Histological study of biopsy material taken dysplasia can not be found, it found minimal or significant symptoms, as well as cells that are typical for a malignant tumor.

All types of cervical dysplasia are treated as outpatients in a women's clinic, if during the survey were found cancer cells, the woman sent for treatment in the Oncology Center, as it requires a complex treatment of the techniques developed specifically for cancer.

 Cervical warts - possibly precancerous condition

Prevention of cervical cancer

After it was finally found that certain types of HPV can cause cervical cancer, started working on a vaccine for the prevention of this infection. Currently, such a vaccine has been developed and introduced into clinical practice: it lead to girls. The effectiveness of this prevention can be established only with time.

Cervical warts - it is always dangerous. In order to prevent the transformation of warts to cancer, every woman at least twice a year should be shown to the gynecologist.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • warts

Bleeding after menstruation - a signal of impending danger to health

April 10, 2012

 bleeding after menstruation
 One of the most common problem that women are turning to a gynecologist, is bleeding from the genital tract. As a rule, after a monthly uterine bleeding. The frequency of bleeding is 30% of all gynecological diseases. Bleeding after menstruation occurs at any age and it is dangerous not only for health, but for the life of the woman. Heavy bleeding from the genital tract are a sign of gynecological pathology and require immediate medical attention and thorough examination. Often, women with bleeding struggling to cope on their own, which only exacerbates the situation. Only a gynecologist can determine the cause of bleeding and hold the appropriate treatment.


Bleeding after menstruation

Bleeding after menstruation called intermenstrual bleeding, which occurs on the tenth to the sixteenth day of the menstrual cycle The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases  The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
   and it continues for more than seventy-two hours. Cause intermenstrual bleeding may be either organic pathology and hormonal disorders:

  • tumors of the uterus and ovaries;
  • endometriosis;
  • inflammatory diseases of the genital organs;
  • pathology of the cervix;
  • thyroid disease;
  • acceptance or cancellation of oral contraceptives;
  • stress;
  • intrauterine device;
  • gynecological procedures (curettage, cauterization of cervical erosion);
  • hormonal ovarian function (changes in hormonal levels).

Bleeding that arise as a result of increasing or decreasing levels of estrogen (hormonal ovarian function), called dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding are divided into:

  • juvenile bleeding;
  • bleeding of reproductive age;
  • bleeding in premenopausal women.


Juvenile bleeding

Juvenile bleeding - is acyclic uterine bleeding that occur in adolescent girls. Causes of juvenile bleeding can be chronic and acute gynecological diseases, poor diet, lack of vitamins, psychological trauma and overload.

The clinical picture is characterized by long, more than seven days, profuse, debilitating bleeding patient. Typically, such bleedings occur after a delay and a half month to six months, but may occur within fourteen to sixteen days after menses. The most common juvenile bleeding begin within a half to two years after the first menstrual period, against the background of irregular menstrual cycle. Juvenile bleeding causing anemia due to blood loss, which is accompanied by weakness, dizziness, perversion of taste and smell.

Treatment of bleeding in adolescence involves two phases: hemostasis and prevention of recurrence. Hemostasis (cessation of bleeding) by means of hormonal preparations. In severe cases it is shown scraping Scraping - heavy and unsafe procedure  Scraping - heavy and unsafe procedure
   the uterine cavity. In parallel, the treatment of anemia, infusion therapy, vitamins appointed.


Bleeding in the reproductive age

Bleeding in the reproductive age also occur after a delay of a month and a half to six months, or for ten to sixteen days after menstruation. The causes of such bleeding can be anovulation Anovulation - the cause of infertility?  Anovulation - the cause of infertility?
 , Abortion, endocrine pathology, stress, infections, intoxication, taking certain medications.

The clinical picture is determined by the duration and degree of blood loss as a result of which there is a weakness, headaches, fatigue, fall in blood pressure, heart palpitations.

Treatment of bleeding in the reproductive age begins with a mandatory scraping the uterine cavity Curettage - how dangerous it is?  Curettage - how dangerous it is?
 . According to the results of histological examination of scrapings of the endometrium is assigned to hormone therapy.


Bleeding premenopausal

Bleeding occur in premenopausal age of forty-five to fifty years. The cause of bleeding is premenopausal hormonal fluctuations, due to age-related changes in the function of the ovaries. Treatment of dysfunctional bleeding premenopausal includes separate diagnostic scraping the cervix and uterus. Hormonal hemostasis is not carried out. In some cases, surgery is indicated (endometrial cancer, submucosal uterine fibroids, adenomyosis).

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • bleeding
  • menstrual cycle