Ovaries play an important role in women. They produce hormones that are responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics (appearance of body hair, growth of breast, uterine enlargement, etc.), the establishment of menstrual function and regulation of the menstrual cycle, the emergence and maintenance of sex drive, and, of course, with the maturation of female gametes , pregnancy and childbirth. But, unfortunately, the ovaries are often the target of various diseases, one of which is an ovarian cyst. Typically, the symptoms of ovarian cysts are non-specific in nature, and not to miss the disease in the early stages, you need to have regular gynecological examination.
What is an ovarian cyst?
Ovarian cyst is a benign ovarian tumors related to tumor processes. Grossly cyst looks like a round cavity filled with liquid or other secret. Cyst wall is usually thin, which is fraught with the emergence of various complications. Typically, ovarian cysts grow very slowly, but sometimes they observed a rapid and intense increase in size. Ovarian cysts rarely ozlokachestvlyayutsya, but the risk of cancer pathology is the place to be. The most common cysts arise from a variety of hormonal disorders and occurs in women of reproductive age. But ovarian cyst
Ovarian cysts - normal or dangerous?
It can appear in other age periods associated with hormonal changes in the body (puberty, menopause).
Symptoms of ovarian cysts
Ovarian cyst does not manifest itself, especially at small sizes. Often ovarian cysts detected during a medical checkup. But if its size is very small, your doctor may not detect the presence of abnormal formation. Reliable method of diagnosis is ultrasound.
A characteristic feature of an ovarian cyst is a violation of the menstrual cycle. Manifest violation of the cycle in different ways and are largely dependent on the nature of the origin of the cyst. So, for functional ovarian cysts experience a long delay menstruation or shortening of the menstrual cycle. Sometimes there are spotting
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
in the middle of the menstrual cycle (ovulation period). In some cases, develop secondary and primary amenorrhea
Primary amenorrhea - a consequence of the genetic damage
(absence of menstrual periods for more than six months) and oligomenorrhea
Oligomenorrhea - too short menstruation
. Menstruation can be abundant or scarce, there is pain during menstruation. Often ovarian cysts cause infertility. Endometrial cysts are characterized by spotting the eve of menstruation and after.
Increasing the size of the cyst is accompanied by a pulling or aching pain in the lower abdomen, a feeling of heaviness and bloating. The pain may be aggravated during sexual intercourse, exercise, heavy lifting or abrupt movements (tilts, turns, jumps). The fast-growing ovarian cyst accompanied by increased pain and an increase in the size of the stomach. Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites) indicative of malignancy cysts. When ascites stomach increased in size, droops (belly frog), and the punctuation is determined sonorous sound and gurgling.
Also, the presence of ovarian cysts may be accompanied by a constant low grade fever (37, 2-37, 4 degrees). The cyst is large disruption of adjacent organs. Due to the compression of the bladder and rectum becomes more frequent urination, diarrhea and constipation occur.
In addition, ovarian cyst operation violates appear lethargy and malaise.
Complications of ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts are often complicated. Especially dangerous in this regard, large cysts or mobile. Complications of ovarian cysts include:
- Torsion legs ovarian cysts
During torsion legs cyst it disturbed blood supply and innervation develops ovarian tissue necrosis. Characterized torsion legs cyst appearance of sudden sharp pain, fever, abdominal muscle tension.
- Suppuration of ovarian cysts
Suppuration ovarian cyst accompanied by the development of intoxication, fever, increased pain in the abdomen. At untimely treatment of developing peritonitis.
- Rupture of ovarian cysts and abdominal bleeding
Rupture of ovarian cysts is also accompanied by intense pain in the abdomen. The secret of the cyst, getting into the abdominal cavity, irritate internal organs. Intra-abdominal bleeding may be of varying intensity and accompanied by signs of hemorrhagic shock.