The menstrual cycle of a woman who had a baby, as a rule, changes in the postnatal period. This is due to many reasons. Women often say that after giving birth month became abundant and longer. This sign indicates the presence of a pathology and a woman necessarily must tell your doctor about menstrual changes. Often heavy periods after childbirth are the reason for hospitalization, and even scraping the uterine cavity
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. Therefore, any deviation from the normal parameters of the menstrual cycle should be an alarming sign for the young mother.
Restoration of the menstrual cycle after birth
On the restoration of the menstrual cycle primarily affects breastfeeding. If a woman does not breastfeed the baby, the first menstruation appear within six to eight weeks after birth. This is due to the fact that the body has to come to the hormonal "prenatal" balance, rejuvenate, and blood loss during childbirth. In addition, in the first six to eight weeks post-partum period, the uterus has the form of an open wound (the location of the placenta), and takes some time for her healing and the growth of the functional layer. If a woman prefers breastfeeding, menstruation restored after cessation of lactation is associated with reduced levels of the hormone prolactin, which inhibits the production of sexual hormones. Reduction of feeding, introduction of complementary foods
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supplementary feeding and also contribute to earlier onset of menstruation (again, decreasing the synthesis of prolactin).
The normal menstrual period after birth
The normal menstrual period after birth lasted no more than seven days, moderate or more abundant than before delivery. In the postpartum period in women menstrual cycle can both lengthen and shorten. Menses dark red or brownish and have an unpleasant odor.
Factors affecting the occurrence of heavy menstrual period after birth
On the volume of menstrual flow after birth is influenced by many factors. These include:
- inadequate and poor nutrition during pregnancy;
- nedoobsledovanie pregnant woman, and therefore undiagnosed pathology;
- untreated chronic diseases during the gestation of the child;
- the presence of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy;
- violation of a pregnant woman of work and rest;
- trauma-during pregnancy;
- heavy labor (especially bleeding in childbirth manual examination of the uterus).
Heavy menstruation after childbirth
The normal menstrual period postpartum women are associated with some physiological changes of the uterus and cervix. Cervical canal after delivery becomes shorter and wider, and menses as a consequence become more abundant. Furthermore, the uterus after childbirth and, respectively, and its cavity increases in size, ie, increased the volume of the endometrium, which also leads to a more intense menses.
One of the reasons that lead to heavy menstrual periods after birth, are the remnants of placenta (placenta). This woman complained of bright red spotting
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, Often accompanied by an unpleasant odor due to the decomposition of the remaining portion of the placenta. In addition, women are concerned about cramping in the lower abdomen
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Who give in the waist. Against the background of the remnants of the placenta in the uterus may join secondary infection and the development of endometritis with all its consequences (fever, general weakness, and malaise, loss of appetite).
Often the cause of heavy menstrual period after birth is intrauterine contraception. IUD causes increased uterine contractions, promotes production of prostaglandins, resulting in menstruation become painful and heavy.
Caesarean section also refers to one of the causes of heavy menstrual period. As we know, none of intrauterine intervention does not pass in vain for the body, and the seam on the uterus after the operation violates its contractility and is the cause of endometriosis.