Mydocalm - drug which relieves spasm of skeletal muscle, which in turn reduces the pain in the area. Today, he has found the widest application, for example, in the treatment of degenerative disc disease, which is often accompanied by a protective reflex spasm of muscles.
Midokalma action by blocking of nerve impulses from the muscles to the central nervous system (in this case, to the spinal cord) on sensitive nerves and of the spinal cord to the muscles along the motor nerves. As is known, nerve impulses are transmitted through nerve fibers with special active substances (neurotransmitters) in the synapses - junctions sprouting of nerve cells. The drug blocks the release of neurotransmitters in the synapse by reducing the amount of calcium ions.
Mechanism of action
Mydocalm apply in the event that there is some local muscle spasm. This happens when certain organic central nervous system disorders, such as spastic paralysis.
Spastic paralysis or center - a movement disorder caused by damage to the brain during fetal development, as well as during or immediately after birth. Such a patient's muscles tense and dense to the touch. If passive movements (unless you move, for example, a doctor) feel clear resistance that find it difficult to sometimes overcome by hand usually refer to the body and bent at the elbow joint (wrist and fingers are also in a state of flexion), the leg to straighten the hip and knee joints, foot is bent, turned into the sole, as if removed. This situation creates a peculiar gait legs: the trace bad leg as a compass for the floor in order not to hurt his toe.
Mydocalm relieves muscle spasm concerned, thus increasing the range of motion in the limbs, and significantly improve the gait.
Apply Mydocalmum well as the persistent increase tone and spasms of skeletal muscles against various diseases of the musculoskeletal system. For example, osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis - learn how to properly distribute the weight
as a result of degenerative (metabolic) changes in the spine are violated spinal nerves extending from the spinal cord. This is accompanied by severe pain, which in turn induce a protective muscle spasm in the area of pain. Muscle spasms even worse off - a vicious circle: to protect muscle pain and thereby strengthen it. The basic method of treatment in this case is a combination of analgesic drugs (usually non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, such as Voltaren) and drugs, muscle spasms (e.g. midokalma).
It is used in the preparation of the complex of rehabilitation therapy after various operations in the musculoskeletal system. It may be surgery for orthopedic diseases (such as Perthes' disease
Perthes disease - if you suddenly limped
- Of avascular necrosis of the femoral head) or after various injuries. In this case, the removal of the protective muscle spasm promotes faster recovery.
Mydocalm for the treatment of vascular diseases
Finally, Mydocalmum widely used in the treatment of various vascular diseases related to their persistent spasm caused by a violation of the innervation. These diseases primarily relates obleteriruyuschy occlusive disease, which occurs when persistent spasm of blood vessels, which eventually leads to their full zapustevaniyu. The lack of blood supply causes tissue necrosis (eg, gangrene of the lower limbs). The same situation occurs in diabetes
Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
When persistent spasm of the blood vessels leads to necrosis (gangrene) stop. In such cases, it will also help Mydocalmum: spasmolysis improve blood circulation and prevent their extinction.
Mydocalm non-toxic drug, so it has very few contraindications.
This persistent relaxation of muscles (myasthenia gravis), children under one year and idiosyncrasy. In all other cases Mydocalmum may apply. Too stringent restrictions are not even in pregnant women and nursing mothers. In this case, the decision to use Mydocalm doctor may decide independently to assess whether a state is threatening a woman herself and the unborn child and outweigh any benefit from the appointment of Mydocalm threatening complications from its use.
Like any effective drug Mydocalmum has side effects, but they are few. It nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, headache, muscle weakness, decreased blood pressure
Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
and various kinds of allergic reactions.
Mydocalm - a quality modern medicines used to treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system and circulatory system.