- Alzheimer's disease - can be slowed down, it can not be cured
- Symptoms and treatment
Symptoms and treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Many have heard about the Alzheimer's disease (she suffered, for example, the US president Reagan), but not everyone understands what it is. With Alzheimer's disease are trying to fight a variety of ways, but to cure it is still not possible to anybody. It is heavy and largely incomprehensible disease is transmitted most often inherited.
What is Alzheimer's
Alzheimer's disease - a disease that begins in middle and old age and is characterized by gradually increasing deterioration of memory and other intellectual functions. The cause of Alzheimer's disease is the fact that in the brain develop disorders leading to increasing neuronal cell death and destruction of mental functions. Alzheimer's disease is early (up to 65 years) and late (after 65 years).
For the first time the disease was described by German psychiatrist A.Altsgeymerom in 1907. Causes of Alzheimer's disease is not completely established, there is evidence that it is a hereditary disease, but at the same time, there are cases that can not be attributed to heredity.
How does the disease
Alzheimer's disease develops slowly and quietly, and is characterized by the appearance of a gradual increase in memory disorders
Memory Disorders - aggravation as dangerous as the weakening
. At first appear impaired memory and attention in the form of forgetfulness and absentmindedness, worse than digest the new information, disturbed orientation in time and of the true sequence of certain events. Usually the patients themselves notice this phenomenon.
Sometimes the disease begins with a change in the nature: there is rudeness, selfishness, disregard for the interests of the family, indifference to everything. At the same character traits that were previously inherent to this person (eg, sensitivity, caring for children and grandchildren) are gradually erased.
One of the first signs of Alzheimer's disease is delirium, which can be expressed, for example, in the belief that no one likes being ignored, persecuted, etc. Such nonsense can cause a persistent lowering of mood or depression
Depression - a little more than a bad mood
With further development of the disease in humans may appear hallucinations, as he can see, hear or feel something really net.Nakonets, impaired orientation in time (do not remember what day, year), space (do not understand where there are) , the environment (can get lost in a familiar place). Patients do not recognize not only friends, but also the closest people.
At the same time there are violations of the right perception (agnosia), total or partial loss of speech or a lack of understanding (aphasia), impaired ability to perform usual activities, including the collapse of previously acquired skills (apraxia). Instead of the usual flow of meaningful speech appears poorly understood set of words, violated the skills of reading and writing.
Recent changes - a violation of orientation in the self, when the patient is difficult to understand who he is, how old he is, and so on. Patients forget how to dress, personal hygiene, use of household appliances. They gradually lose their ability to take care of themselves and live without assistance. The final stage - a deep general dementia. From motor acts are primitive reflexes - sucking, chewing, swallowing. Most of the time patients are in bed in a fetal position, uttering meaningless cries.
Basically, the diagnosis is based on examination of the psychiatrist. Changes characteristic of Alzheimer's disease are detected on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), elektoentsefalografii, as well as a number of biochemical studies.
Patients usually come to a psychiatrist at the height of the disease, as the initial stage of almost all considered as natural aging. At the moment, unfortunately, absolute freedom from Alzheimer's impossible. The existing treatments are only able for a time to slow down the process of its development. Such a treatment is most effective in the early stages. Prescribe drugs that will delay the development of the disease, to partially restore violations of the higher nervous activity, improve the processes of thinking, and in the later stages - to facilitate the care of such patients.
Thus, for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease used acetylcholinesterase inhibitors such as galanthamine, which increases the amount of acetylcholine (substances transmitting excitation from one cell to another, and processes involved in memory), thereby improving brain processes. This means that the dementia can be treated at any stage of: first, in order to slow the progression of symptoms and to maintain adequate quality of life, and in advanced disease - to reduce its progression.
It is necessary to attach the patients with Alzheimer's disease to some useful process, more active lifestyle, which can be an incentive for more intensive work of the brain and, therefore, will help to slow the progression of the disease.
Remember to hold the maximum development of Alzheimer's disease as early as possible you need to seek medical help.