Allergic sinusitis - a manifestation of the organism's response
March 21, 2013
- Allergic sinusitis - a manifestation of the organism's response
In response to receipt of a specific allergen in the body develops a response which is clinically manifested by the fact that the patient develops an allergic sinusitis. It is typical for this disease paroxysmal and availability of seasonal dependence, the peak incidence occurs mainly in spring and autumn seasons.
How is the development of the disease
Most often affects both the sinuses, is a two-way process. Development of the disease is preceded by allergic rhinitis
Rhinitis: a runny nose - is quite serious
Which further leads to sinusitis. Changes in the mucous membrane of respiratory tract due to the fact that the body receives a certain allergen. As an allergen can act animal dander, house dust, pollen, or certain plants. This form of sinusitis affects people prone to allergic diseases, which have increased sensitivity to the allergen.
Sinusitis allergic nature may occur in acute and chronic forms. If the process is acute, it will develop the clinical picture:
- copious mucus from the nose
- pain in the eye sockets, cheekbones. Worried headache, and the clinical symptom is related to one of the most frequently encountered
- nasal congestion
The chronic form of allergic sinusitis is characterized by the clinical picture. In the first place are the complaints of a persistent cough, which is paroxysmal in nature and are concerned mainly at night. If we carefully collect the history, it becomes clear that such patients often undergo multiple treatments for chronic airway disease (the most common diagnosis is chronic bronchitis), and the treatment is not effective. The reason is not the effectiveness of such treatment is diagnosis, which has been installed incorrectly patient. Chronic sinusitis is also accompanied by a constant nasal congestion, headaches.
As a complication of allergic sinusitis, you should consider the development of polyps in the nose
Polyps in the nose: to remove or not - that is the question
. This progress can be so severe that the polyps will be determined by the naked eye from the nasal passage. In the initial stages of development of polyps varies voice becomes nasal. Hard to nasal breathing, impaired olfactory function. Such education can be removed by surgery, conservative treatments do not provide a therapeutic effect to reverse the development of polyps do not cause.
How to restore the disturbed nasal breathing
Since all of the clinical manifestations of allergic sinusitis associated with exposure to allergens, it is necessary to avoid contact of the patient with them. If a person has a tendency to allergic reactions, it should be encouraged him to undergo a full examination and to identify the allergen that can cause abnormal reaction of the body. With the medical purpose is assigned to several courses of nonspecific or specific desensitization. For drugs for non-specific desensitization include antihistamine drugs, calcium supplements and other means. If the purpose of treatment or vaccine appointed small doses of allergens, we are talking about specific effects.
Great importance is attached to strengthening the immune response at the local level. For this type of therapy can be recommended several recipes of traditional medicine. Well it helps restore the ciliated epithelium of the respiratory tract, the local immunity of the juice from the plant:
- aloe juice
- Kalanchoe juice
- Juice of celandine
It should be instilled into each nostril for a few drops of fresh juice of one of these plants. Can herbal decoction to wash the nasal passages to improve the impact resistance of mucosal infection, anti-inflammatory purposes. It should prepare for this decoction of calendula, chamomile, sage
Sage - cvyaschennaya grass
drug, cornflower blue. Broth washed successively nasal passages and instilled fresh juice plants. As a result of local treatment removes the allergen with the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and pathogens that can cause progression of the inflammatory process.
The problem of allergic sinusitis is the close relationship with the state of immunity, so the priority measures should be aimed at its strengthening and stimulation
. Currently developed modern immunomodulators, and anti-allergic drugs last third generation
. To have an idea, for a unit of the immune system should work purposefully, it is recommended before starting therapy not only be screened in order to identify pathogenic allergen and pass immunogram
. This knowledge will allow directly appoint those immune drugs that will normalize only a violation of the system unit without affecting the other links
. Separately should be paid to nutrition, compliance with certain recommendations for lifestyle
. All patients at risk of development of allergic diseases, should organize allergenic food that is to be excluded from the diet all those foods that can maintain a state of allergy
. Marinades, smoked foods and spices in large quantities of drinks with preservatives, dyes should be completely excluded
. Power must be complete and balanced content of ingredients (proteins, fats and carbohydrates)
. In the case of allergic sinusitis nature should be carried out as tempering procedures, actively exercise
Myths about exercise: do not believe
, Sports. Physical activity to fully determine the health status.
Chronic sinusitis - the effect on health
March 21, 2013
- Chronic sinusitis - the effect on health
If we talk about the importance of the problem of chronic infectious processes, according to statistics 50% of chronic sinusitis takes among all inflammatory diseases of the sinuses. Chronic process differs prolonged course with periods of exacerbation and inflammation subsided. Often develop complications that are associated with the fact that the infection spreads and causes inflammatory changes in adjacent organs (mainly this eye complications and meninges).
Which leads to the long-term course of the disease
The primary cause of chronic sinusitis is the effect of pathogenic microflora. Pathogens can act fungi, viruses, but the main role is played by bacterial flora. Often there is a mix or mixed infection is detected the association of several types of microorganisms. If acute sinusitis
Acute sinusitis - occurs as the inflammatory process
acquired during prolonged, repeated over a short period of time frequently (several times for two months), the ciliary epithelium is a change in its activity, it can not fully carry out their functions to remove microorganisms from the respiratory tract. Develop favorable conditions for the growth of pathogens. There is increased proliferation of anaerobic flora, which is the cause of purulent inflammation in the sinuses. Very often the bacterial flora acts in association with mycobacteria. It supports inflammation of the fluid, which accumulates in the sinus cavity, as it contains endotoxins produced by bacteria. Promotes the growth of bacteria and bay, they are long pus and this serves as a breeding ground for the growth of microorganisms.
Please be aware that chronic sinusitis may develop on the background of existing anatomical defects (they may be congenital or acquired). If the patient has an inflammatory process is supported by a defect of the nasal septum (deviated septum), the recovery can be achieved only by a single, a surgical correction of the defect. Another cause of chronic sinusitis is considered odontogenic reason, when the source of the disease are diseases of the mouth. If you examine the mouth of a patient with sinusitis
Sinusitis - when a puncture is required
It is possible to identify the deep caries lesions of teeth
Deep caries: the consequences of irresponsibility
, Signs of periodontal disease and other pathological changes, which is the source of infection in the sinus cavity of the nose.
There are a number of predisposing factors, the presence of which the risk of inflammation is increased many times over. These include the following:
- climatic conditions. The aggravation of the disease occurs mainly during the cold winter months
- adverse conditions in manufacturing
- frequent colds
- beriberi, a childhood rickets
- allergic predisposition. It is proved that chronic sinusitis is more common in those people who have allergy phenomenon that a child suffering diathesis
What matters is the overall disposition of the body and its susceptibility to the effects of infection. If the human body is weakened, its resistance is lowered, it creates conditions for the development of microbial flora and it bioaccumulates successfully develops in the respiratory tract.
The development of clinical sinusitis
As the disease has a chronic course, it takes a period of time being and acute infection. In remission occurs feeling better, especially in the warmer months in the summer. Symptoms subside, there is the disappearance of clinical symptoms of sinusitis and man it seems that happened a long-awaited recovery. But with the onset of cold weather, when the body's resistance is reduced, symptoms again, the picture of acute sinusitis.
A typical complaint of chronic sinusitis is a painful syndrome
. The pain may be localized in the projection of the nasal sinuses, often with one hand
. During an exacerbation there is irradiation of the pain in the temporal region, and to the eye sockets
. The most pronounced pain syndrome was observed in acute inflammation
. Also, increased pain occurs if you change the position of the head, tilt or shake her head when coughing or sneezing
. The clinical picture of chronic sinusitis present common symptoms, the occurrence of which is related to the fact that the infectious process lasts a long time
. Develop common intoxication symptoms, characterized by fatigue, weakness, loss of activity
. Often there is a mental fatigue that adversely affects the ability to work on the process of educating a child at school
. During an exacerbation of the disease develop neurological symptoms, as the process of inflammation can develop in the nerve
. One of the most frequent complications is neuritis
Neuritis - nerve damage
trigeminal nerve, which is characterized by the presence of severe pain syndrome. The aggravation of neurological symptoms observed mainly for colds, so for patients with chronic sinusitis is important in winter try to avoid prolonged exposure to the cold.
If you have chronic sinusitis, it should be regarded as the source of infection in the body. It can cause complications in other organs, so must always be disinfected. This is especially true of women, who are preparing for pregnancy. Before planning pregnancy should consult a specialist for examination. In case of revealing the source of infection is necessary to take a course of treatment to avoid prescribing during pregnancy.