- Antibiotics for sinusitis is better to entrust their choice of doctor
- For children
Antibiotics for sinusitis in children
Antimicrobial drugs are not always used for the treatment of sinusitis. Antimicrobial agents are not needed with mild sinusitis. In cases where the disease is more severe and prolonged, these medications will be needed. Antibiotics for sinusitis in children are used only on the advice of the doctor.
Amoxicillin - an antibiotic that violates the synthesis (formation) of the protein of the cell wall of many microorganisms and causes their death. The drug can be administered even to babies. It is used in the form of suspensions, granules for this antibiotic was mixed with water.
Femoksin soljutab - pills, which include Amoxicillin. It is also diluted in water to give a syrup or suspension.
If the bacteria secrete penicillinase (an enzyme that destroys penicillin), the amoxicillin will not help. In such a case will be effective medicines that contain the antibiotic in combination with clavulanic acid such as Augmentin and amoksiklav
Amoxiclav - an effective tool against infections
The presence of clavulanic acid prevents the destruction of amoxicillin enzymes of microorganisms. Also these drugs increases the spectrum of antibacterial activity.
Drugs in this group are more resistant to enzymes that produce microorganisms. For the treatment of sinusitis in children
Treatment of sinusitis in children - how to achieve recovery
most often used cefuroxime.
Antibiotic bactericidal effect, that is killing pathogens. It is part of the following drugs:
- Aksetin which comes in powder form. The last solution is prepared and injected it intravenously or intramuscularly;
- Zinatsef also is a powder which when diluted to obtain a solution for injection;
- Zinnat is available as tablets and granules for suspension, which can be used in children older than three months.
Such formulations destroy bacteria sensitive to them. Sprays and izofra Polydex - one of those funds, which contain antibacterial substances from this group.
Nasal Spray Polydex except aminoglycoside antibiotic neomycin also contains polymyxin B (antimicrobial), dexamethasone
Dexamethasone - one of the most effective glucocorticosteroids
(glyukokortikosteriodny hormone) and phenylephrine (a vasoconstrictor substance). Due to such a spray composition it possesses not only an antibacterial but also an anti-inflammatory effect. The drug is used in children older than two and a half years.
The composition includes spray izofra framycetin, it is detrimental affects many bacteria, because of which the upper respiratory tract inflammation occurs. This medication is administered to children over the age of one year.
Macrolides - one of the least toxic antibiotics, and they are well tolerated by patients. Therefore, these assets are recorded in the sinus children, for example, used erythromycin and sumamed
Sumamed antibiotics wisely
Erythromycin - a bacteriostatic antibiotic that is, it does not kill bacteria, but only prevents their reproduction. However, at high doses it acquires bactericidal properties.
It sumamed inhibit the reproduction and growth of many microorganisms. The drug in the form of suspensions prescribed to children aged six months to three years. The child is over that age can be given tablets and capsules.
Funds from this group (levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, sparfloxacin) are used in adults for the treatment of sinusitis in cases where the first course of antibiotic therapy no results. But children these drugs are contraindicated.
Fluoroquinolones have a negative impact on the growing connective tissue and cartilage. Therefore, patients with sinusitis who are under eighteen years old, they will not be appointed.
If a child is sick sinusitis, antibiotics are not always required. But there are times when these drugs are indispensable. The question of whether they are necessary in each case, the doctor decides. Also, only a doctor will be able to choose the most effective and safe drug.