How to improve short-term memory - Visualization of memories
May 5, 2012
Many people occasionally have problems with memory. The ability to memorize and recall the necessary information may be important for the learning process, and for the further conduct of social life. How to improve your memory is to not get in a quandary at a crucial moment? Why refer to the memory worked as a fine-tuned engine?
Associate all the necessary information to the absurd visual images. For example, it is necessary to capture an envelope while leaving his home. One can imagine this envelope in a huge size, with huge teeth, which chattering jaws throws at you as soon as you step out the door. When leaving the house of a giant image of the envelope pops up in the mind and will not let him leave. The absurd image, the greater the likelihood of remembering.
You can use the associative memory for the first letters of the name. For example, you can create an association for remembering names. For example, the Jura - whacky, Sasha - Sasha presented; Masha - like the girl from the cartoon "Masha and the Bear." Thus, it is easy to relate the names of people that you need to remember.
Using the first letters of words can be catchy phrase. For example, to remember the names of planets can form sentences like this: My mother always forbid me, The young Ranger, recognizable names of the planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto).
Using the first letters can be using acronyms to remember certain information. For example, the abbreviation "KGB" means the colors of the Russian flag from the bottom up (red, blue, white).
Under certain circumstances, you can remember the names of the participants of the events, repeating the name of the person at the time of submission. Looking at the man's face for a few seconds, you can repeat his name, or make the connection between his name and appearance. immediately looked at his badge after saying his name out loud.
For example, it is necessary to recall the name of the author of the book. you have recently read. You can try to call for help tactile properties of memory and recall. Feel how you were holding a book, imagine the cover, the surface - laminated or plain. Maybe. tactile feel will be useful and will be present in the memory of the book's title and author's name. This technique does not always work, but for many people can be a good help.
Alternatively, you can usually play games that involve memory. This will help maintain the activity of the brain and sharpen memory.
Meditation - how to make holiday fruitful
December 8, 2013
Because of the growing popularity of meditation in recent years, its various aspects are increasingly being studied. Of great interest are the study of the electrical activity of the brain at a time when meditation is held.
What happens to the brain during meditation
In the brain, there is always a certain level of electrical activity, no matter how busy we mental work, relax or sleep. The studies using electroencephalography (EEG) measures the frequency of electric waves and to determine exactly where they occurred. Electrodes were placed on the scalp of the subjects, after which they were asked for twenty minutes just relax with your eyes closed, or within the same time to meditate.
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in the frontal and central regions of the cerebral cortex was recorded especially large amount of theta waves. It is believed that such waves occur in relaxed attention directed to internal sensations. The presence of this type of brain activity is the main difference from meditation relaxation without the use of any special techniques.
Earlier studies showed that theta waves are signs of deep relaxation
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And most often occur in people who have long been engaged in meditation. Their source is presumed frontal cortex, which is associated with regulation of many mental processes. It is this area of the brain sends signals through which gradually comes physical relaxation.
Alpha waves during meditation was the most in the parietal region of the brain. The amount of alpha waves increases when relaxation occurs as a result of deliberate efforts of man. Such brain activity indicates that the person is relaxed, but his mind is awake. In this state, thoughts, images, memories emerge in the consciousness of themselves - a phenomenon very familiar to those who regularly meditates.
As in meditation, and during simple relaxation in the brain was observed only a very small amount of delta waves, the most characteristic of the sleep state
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. This once again confirms that meditation has a lot more to do with waking than sleeping. Beta waves, which are indicators of brain activity associated with the planning and achievement of objectives during meditation also recorded very little.
Types of Meditation
- The concentration at the site. All kinds of meditation are somehow related to the concentration, however, begin to meditate better with simple choices, such as concentrating on a candle flame on the plant, or at another site. You can also concentrate on your own breathing or melody. Take a comfortable position for meditation, breathing deeply and evenly, and focus on the selected object. Ideally, at the time of meditation, you have to forget about everything except the object, even temporarily freeze have thought in mind. In practice, to achieve this is far from everything and not immediately, but in any case, regular meditation greatly improves concentration.
- Meditation on the chakras is intended to improve the work of the chakras and cleansing. Take your usual meditation posture. Straighten your back, relax your shoulders and muscles of the body and face, breathing evenly. Close your eyes. Now you need to turn, how to visualize the chakras. First, Focus on the sacrum, where the lower chakra - muladhara. It is portrayed as a red lotus flower with four petals. Slide the note slightly higher - in the area below the navel, and imagine there is an orange lotus with six petals: it is the second chakra, Svadhisthana. Even slightly higher - in the solar plexus - visualize yellow lotus. He has ten petals - is Manipur, the third chakra. At the level of the heart, imagine anahata - heart chakra in the form of green lotus with twelve petals. In the thyroid gland
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you need to visualize the fifth Chakra - Vishuddha, blue lotus with sixteen petals. Move the center of attention is higher in the area just above the point between the eyebrows, and let the blue lotus with two petals - is Ajna, which is sometimes called the third eye. Finally, on top tysyachelistny imagine purple lotus - Sahasrara, the seventh chakra. For some time, continue to represent all seven chakras, and then close the mentally lotus petals, and complete meditation.
- Inner Smile
. Take a meditation posture and relax the muscles of the whole body
. Within minutes, breathe deeply, and imagine as with each breath your body is more relaxed
. Then slowly lift the corners of her mouth in an easy smile, focusing on the movement
. Keep your eyes closed, focus on internal sensations smile - what you feel when your lips are smiling? Explore this feeling, immerse yourself in it
. You'll know when you will be able to really recognize this inner smile
. When this happens, move the sense of inner smile eyes - do not open them, but allow yourself to feel that they too are smiling
. Then move this feeling on the cheekbones, cheeks, chin, throat - and so on, until each part of your body is filled with the inner smile
. If done correctly, you will feel the warmth spreads through the body and a feeling of complete rest
. This meditation should last for 20-30 minutes