- The deposition of salts - a disease of old men?
The official medicine, there is no such term as "the accumulation of salts." But the people understand by this phrase completely different origin of the disease. When one of them in the soft tissues and joints really accumulate salt, while others occur overgrowth of bone tissue.
True salt deposits - gout
Gout - a disease in which the body breaks down the exchange of uric acid in the tissues begin to lay its salts - urates. This disease can be primary and secondary. Primary gout occurs when there are genetic defects in the structure of enzymes that are responsible for the exchange of uric acid. Secondary gout develops in the presence of other diseases and conditions. These include:
- Myelogenous leukemia;
- Chronic renal failure;
- Congenital heart defects, which are combined with a high content of red blood cells;
- Haemoglobin - hereditary diseases in which changes the structure of hemoglobin;
- Taking certain medications: diuretics, Riboxin.
Excessive consumption of animal food, alcohol (especially dry wines and beer) and a sedentary lifestyle also contribute to the development of gout.
As a result of the above causes in the blood uric acid, and then it begins to be deposited in tissues. This primarily occurs in the joint cavity, where they can accumulate micro-crystals of urate. These salt deposits provoke the development of inflammation. The second most important feature of gout - kidney disease.
In most cases the disease is in the form of seizures that begin suddenly and often at night. The metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe appeared sharp pain, the skin over it at first blush, then becomes livid tint, becomes hot and shiny. The body temperature rises to 39º C. A few days later symptoms of the disease completely disappear, but reappear after a while. Less commonly affects other joints of the foot and elbow, wrist and small joints of the hands. With other embodiments of the disease gout may show only slight pain and slight redness in the affected joint.
Over time, patients develop polyarthritis
What is arthritis - when it hurts everywhere
- Multiple lesions of the joints, because of this, so it becomes difficult for people to move around. Also appearing tophi - yellowish nodules that contain urate. They are often located on the elbows, ears, fingers, in the area of the nasal septum.
If gout is associated with increased production of uric acid in the body, for the treatment prescribed drugs that inhibit this process (allopurinol). In cases where the uric acid is poorly excreted by the kidneys, is used anturan. In the mixed type of the disease, these drugs are combined. Treatment of gout must be conducted under the supervision of the level of uric acid in the blood.
Dieting - a prerequisite for patients. Excluded from the diet of fatty meat and fish, soups of these, liver, meats, cauliflower, beans, chocolate, strong tea and coffee, alcohol. For better urate excretion from the body in the diet should include alkaline mineral waters and citrus. Meat and fish are sick only boiled and no more than twice a week.
Calcification - is the deposition of calcium salts in soft tissues or organs in which they should not contain undissolved. There are two forms of this condition:
- Metastatic calcification. It develops on the background of hypercalcemia (high blood calcium) and is accompanied by the deposition of calcium salts mainly in the internal organs and blood vessels. The very hypercalcemia associated with diseases of the parathyroid glands, thyroid gland
The thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones
, Hypervitaminosis D. Also, it may be malignant tumors, chronic diseases of the bones and kidneys.
- Metabolic calcification. It is a consequence of local violations of metabolic processes in the tissues. As a result, the calcium is deposited in the skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscles.
Calcium deposits are formations of different sizes (from a pea to a walnut) that are round or irregular in shape. These nodes are dense to the touch, painless and mobile. The skin over them retracted, bluish-reddish color, but no signs of inflammation. After some time, the nodes are softened, they are beginning to stand out from the white grains of lime.
Calcification of the skin is limited and common (universal). In the first case most often affects the hands, elbows, at least - the ears, lower limbs. When universal calcification nodes occur on any part of the body, but primarily around the major joints, buttocks and back.
Treatment of skin calcification is carried out surgically or by electrocoagulation. Patients are advised not to consume foods high in calcium and vitamin D.
Osteoarthritis - a disease of overload
When people talk about the salt deposits in the joints, usually involve osteoarthritis. On radiographs of these patients at the joint surface are clearly visible growths in the form of spikes - osteophytes. But these changes do not have any relation to the deposition of salts in the body tissues.
When excess stress on the joints cartilage that covers the surface of the bone, injured and destroyed in the middle. Along the edges of the articular cartilage surface begins to grow, and then ossified. So formed osteophytes.
Osteoarthritis appears crunch in the joints during movement (crepitus) and pain with exercise. Most often affects the large joints of the lower extremities. Eventually the joints become deformed, mobility is restricted.
In the initial stages for the treatment of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis - take care of the joints healthy longer
used NSAIDs. When periarthritis (inflammation of the tissues surrounding the joint) or synovitis (inflammation of the membrane that lines the joint cavity) prescribe local injections of corticosteroids - hormones that eliminate these processes. In cases where the disease is much running, held endoprosthesis
Endoprosthesis - when the most durable fabric fail
. This surgery, during which time the affected joint is replaced by an artificial one.
In order to cure these diseases it has been successful, be sure to consult your doctor. Only he will be able to find the cause of the processes and assign appropriate therapy.