The deposition of salts - a disease of old men?

October 4, 2009

  • The deposition of salts - a disease of old men?
  • Kinds

 salt deposits
 The official medicine, there is no such term as "the accumulation of salts." But the people understand by this phrase completely different origin of the disease. When one of them in the soft tissues and joints really accumulate salt, while others occur overgrowth of bone tissue.

 The deposition of salts - a disease of old men?

True salt deposits - gout

Gout - a disease in which the body breaks down the exchange of uric acid in the tissues begin to lay its salts - urates. This disease can be primary and secondary. Primary gout occurs when there are genetic defects in the structure of enzymes that are responsible for the exchange of uric acid. Secondary gout develops in the presence of other diseases and conditions. These include:

  • Psoriasis;
  • Myelogenous leukemia;
  • Chronic renal failure;
  • Congenital heart defects, which are combined with a high content of red blood cells;
  • Haemoglobin - hereditary diseases in which changes the structure of hemoglobin;
  • Taking certain medications: diuretics, Riboxin.

Excessive consumption of animal food, alcohol (especially dry wines and beer) and a sedentary lifestyle also contribute to the development of gout.

As a result of the above causes in the blood uric acid, and then it begins to be deposited in tissues. This primarily occurs in the joint cavity, where they can accumulate micro-crystals of urate. These salt deposits provoke the development of inflammation. The second most important feature of gout - kidney disease.

In most cases the disease is in the form of seizures that begin suddenly and often at night. The metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe appeared sharp pain, the skin over it at first blush, then becomes livid tint, becomes hot and shiny. The body temperature rises to 39º C. A few days later symptoms of the disease completely disappear, but reappear after a while. Less commonly affects other joints of the foot and elbow, wrist and small joints of the hands. With other embodiments of the disease gout may show only slight pain and slight redness in the affected joint.

Over time, patients develop polyarthritis What is arthritis - when it hurts everywhere  What is arthritis - when it hurts everywhere
   - Multiple lesions of the joints, because of this, so it becomes difficult for people to move around. Also appearing tophi - yellowish nodules that contain urate. They are often located on the elbows, ears, fingers, in the area of ​​the nasal septum.

If gout is associated with increased production of uric acid in the body, for the treatment prescribed drugs that inhibit this process (allopurinol). In cases where the uric acid is poorly excreted by the kidneys, is used anturan. In the mixed type of the disease, these drugs are combined. Treatment of gout must be conducted under the supervision of the level of uric acid in the blood.

Dieting - a prerequisite for patients. Excluded from the diet of fatty meat and fish, soups of these, liver, meats, cauliflower, beans, chocolate, strong tea and coffee, alcohol. For better urate excretion from the body in the diet should include alkaline mineral waters and citrus. Meat and fish are sick only boiled and no more than twice a week.

 The deposition of salts - a disease of old men?


Calcification - is the deposition of calcium salts in soft tissues or organs in which they should not contain undissolved. There are two forms of this condition:

  • Metastatic calcification. It develops on the background of hypercalcemia (high blood calcium) and is accompanied by the deposition of calcium salts mainly in the internal organs and blood vessels. The very hypercalcemia associated with diseases of the parathyroid glands, thyroid gland The thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones  The thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones
 , Hypervitaminosis D. Also, it may be malignant tumors, chronic diseases of the bones and kidneys.
  • Metabolic calcification. It is a consequence of local violations of metabolic processes in the tissues. As a result, the calcium is deposited in the skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscles.

Calcium deposits are formations of different sizes (from a pea to a walnut) that are round or irregular in shape. These nodes are dense to the touch, painless and mobile. The skin over them retracted, bluish-reddish color, but no signs of inflammation. After some time, the nodes are softened, they are beginning to stand out from the white grains of lime.

Calcification of the skin is limited and common (universal). In the first case most often affects the hands, elbows, at least - the ears, lower limbs. When universal calcification nodes occur on any part of the body, but primarily around the major joints, buttocks and back.

Treatment of skin calcification is carried out surgically or by electrocoagulation. Patients are advised not to consume foods high in calcium and vitamin D.

 The deposition of salts - a disease of old men?

Osteoarthritis - a disease of overload

When people talk about the salt deposits in the joints, usually involve osteoarthritis. On radiographs of these patients at the joint surface are clearly visible growths in the form of spikes - osteophytes. But these changes do not have any relation to the deposition of salts in the body tissues.

When excess stress on the joints cartilage that covers the surface of the bone, injured and destroyed in the middle. Along the edges of the articular cartilage surface begins to grow, and then ossified. So formed osteophytes.

Osteoarthritis appears crunch in the joints during movement (crepitus) and pain with exercise. Most often affects the large joints of the lower extremities. Eventually the joints become deformed, mobility is restricted.

In the initial stages for the treatment of osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis - take care of the joints healthy longer  Osteoarthritis - take care of the joints healthy longer
   used NSAIDs. When periarthritis (inflammation of the tissues surrounding the joint) or synovitis (inflammation of the membrane that lines the joint cavity) prescribe local injections of corticosteroids - hormones that eliminate these processes. In cases where the disease is much running, held endoprosthesis Endoprosthesis - when the most durable fabric fail  Endoprosthesis - when the most durable fabric fail
 . This surgery, during which time the affected joint is replaced by an artificial one.

In order to cure these diseases it has been successful, be sure to consult your doctor. Only he will be able to find the cause of the processes and assign appropriate therapy.

Gout - the "disease of kings"

May 25, 2008

 Gout - accompanied by sharp pains disease caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints. The process of accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints causes the characteristic symptoms - swelling and redness at the site of joints, severe pain, stiffness of the joint.

In many cases, gout mainly affects the joints of the thumb (This explains the name of the disease, literally "trap for the feet", derived from the Greek «podos» - foot and «agra» - trap). Nevertheless, the accumulation of uric acid crystals can be observed in many other joints and tissues surrounding them. A buildup of uric acid crystals in the kidney leads to the development of kidney stones.

 Gout - the "disease of kings"

What is uric acid

Uric acid - a substance that is produced during the decay of purines, nitrogenous compounds are found not only in the tissues of the human body, but also in many foods. Normally, uric acid dissolves in blood and through the kidneys is excreted in the urine.

If in the body for some reason there is an excess of uric acid (e.g., kidney can not cope with the task of removing the acid from the body), the acid level in the blood - such a state is called hyperuricemia. The appearance may cause hyperuricemia and excess consumption of foods containing purines. Hyperuricemia by itself is not considered a dangerous disease, but under excessive formation of uric acid crystals in the hyperuricemia develop gout - a far more painful condition.

 Gout - the "disease of kings"

How is gout

Gradually developing gout goes through four stages:

  • Asymptomatic hyperuricemia. At this stage there is an increase levels of uric acid in the blood (hyperuricemia), which, however, is not accompanied by any symptoms distinct. Treatment at this stage is usually not required.
  • Acute gout (acute gouty arthritis). At this stage, hyperuricemia causes gout accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints, which leads to a sudden and acute gout - appearance of severe pain, swelling, hypersensitivity of the skin at the site of the damaged joint. Gouty attacks usually occur at night, provoke their appearance can be many factors - stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 , Alcohol, and other diseases. As a general rule, for three to ten days, the symptoms of gout disappear on their own, even without treatment, and the next attack may begin only after a few months or even years. Over time, however, gout attacks occur more often and become more prolonged.
  • Intercritical period. The period of time between attacks of gout. During this time, no symptoms of gout are not observed.
  • Chronic gout. The most difficult stage of gout develops gradually over a long period of time - for example, ten years. At this stage, the accumulation of salts The deposition of salts - a disease of old men?  The deposition of salts - a disease of old men?
   uric acid in the joints can cause permanent damage to them, and chronic hyperuricemia can simultaneously cause and urolithiasis Kidney stones - why women tolerate it harder?  Kidney stones - why women tolerate it harder?
 . Usually proper treatment to such a step does not develop gout.

 Gout - the "disease of kings"


Gout is often confused with other forms of arthritis because the symptoms - acute and episodic attacks of pain, numbness in the joints, swelling - can be similar. One of these types of arthritis - the so-called pseudogout, accompanied by almost similar symptoms: pain, redness and swelling of the skin at the site of joint. However, pseudogout symptoms are not caused by uric acid crystals Uric acid - a normal level?  Uric acid - a normal level?
 And calcium phosphate crystals. Accordingly, different methods and treatment of these diseases.

 Gout - the "disease of kings"

What causes gout

Factors that increase the risk of hyperuricemia and gout include:

  • Genetic predisposition. Cases of gout more often observed when in the immediate family of the sick and show symptoms of gout.
  • Gender and age. Gout most often affects men, women have the disease is less common. In addition, the disease is most commonly seen in middle and old age.
  • Body mass. Obesity increases the risk of developing hyperuricemia and gout.
  • Alcohol consumption. Excessive alcohol consumption disrupts the natural process of elimination of uric acid from the body, thereby increasing the risk of hyperuricemia and gout.
  • Ration. The use of too many foods containing purines may precipitate or aggravate gout in some cases.
  • Other health problems. Renal dysfunction - the inability of the kidneys to filter the products of decomposition - is considered one of the most common causes of gout in the elderly. Furthermore, cause an increase in the level of uric acid in the blood can be:
    1. High blood pressure
    2. Hypothyroidism
    3. Diseases that trigger too rapid cell renewal - psoriasis, anemia, certain types of cancer
  • Medications. Some medicines increase the risk of hyperuricemia and gout. Among them:
    1. Diuretics
    2. Medicaments containing salicylates (e.g. aspirin)
    3. Niacin (nicotinic acid)
    4. Cyclosporins (immunosuppressants)
    5. Antiparkinsonian drugs (eg levodopa, used to treat Parkinson's disease)

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