Hygroma - a cystic neoplasm, which is the filled thick, viscous, colorless, jellylike fluid cavity. Depending on the size and other factors, hygroma may be hard or soft. Hygroma on the leg may appear as one large and several small.
Hygroma is most common among women, and 70% of cases develop in people aged 20 to 40 years.
Most often hygroma appear on the hands. Hygroma of the knee and other varieties hygroma legs are much rarer. In addition, there hygroma brain
Hygroma brain - a dangerous accumulation of fluid
, Neck, and so on.
Reasons hygroma on the leg
So far, experts are divided over why some people formed hygroma. Some scientists suggest that this is due to the injuries that result in damaged joints, and there are small cysts that gradually transformed into larger tumors. There is also a theory that some people are defects in the articular capsule, which over time can lead to hygroma on foot.
Types hygroma on the leg
Hygroma ankle - it's pretty rare variety hygroma. It grows slowly and initially represent a small lump no larger than a pea, which the patient does not feel and can be detected only by chance. Over time, this can significantly increase hygroma; In some cases, tumors reached a diameter of ten centimeters;
Hygroma the knee is very common, and reaching a sufficiently large size, can cause significant discomfort when walking and sports. There is also hygroma popliteal fossa, which is formed on the rear side of the knee joint;
Hygroma foot can occur on any part of the foot, including - on the soles or toes.
Symptoms hygroma on the leg
Hygroma on the leg looks like a bulge under the skin more or less large. Most often they are soft, immobile, and not more than 1-3 cm in diameter. Most hygromas on the legs cause mild or moderate, at least - a lot of pain that may be present permanently or appear from time to time during exercise. However, approximately 35% hygroma remain small, almost invisible and do not cause any symptoms.
Other symptoms depend on where it is located hygroma. For example, not even the biggest hygroma on the toe can cause severe discomfort when walking and even when wearing very comfortable shoes.
Thigh hygroma often causes pain when performing certain physical exercises, particularly squats. Large, prominent hygroma on the feet can cause not only physical but also psychological discomfort - because these patients may feel embarrassed to wear short skirts or swimsuits, feel extremely awkward when dealing with the opposite sex, and so on.
Often the doctor is enough to talk with the patient and carry out palpation to diagnose hygroma on foot. However, in order to rule out other disorders, including - malignant tumors, requires additional procedures, for example:
- Aspiration of synovial cysts, or hygroma. Using a syringe doctor takes a sample for laboratory analysis of fluid from the cyst cavity;
- Magnetic resonance imaging - a highly effective procedure for diagnosing hygroma, which is the only drawback is its high cost.
How to treat hygroma on the leg
Since hygroma are not malignant, and usually do not cause damage to the health and quality of life of the patient, in many cases, doctors prefer to observe their growth. Cases when the hygroma with time disappear by themselves. However, because the doctor can not know exactly when this will happen, and will happen whether in general, is sometimes better to remove hygroma.
Treating hygroma of the foot may be required even if the cyst is small, because it often interferes with normal walking and cope with daily activities. Often removal of these tumors carried puncture hygroma - it is pierced, the contents removed, and then injected with steroids. This somewhat reduces the likelihood of re-education hygroma, though, and does not guarantee the result. This procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
Treating hygroma of the knee joint may be necessary not only because it prevents the patient to function normally, but because it is not the best way affects its appearance. Talk to your doctor if hygroma
Hygroma when liquid in unnecessary places
you do not interfere, but you still want to remove it.
Surgical treatment of hygroma
Treating hygroma - possible methods
on foot appointed only in cases when other methods do not give the expected result. Usually hygroma was removed under local anesthesia, and the patient is sent home after a few hours after surgery. Full recovery after treatment takes from two to eight weeks - the exact date depends on the size of the remote hygroma, and the method used to remove it.
Within a few days after surgery, patients may feel pain and stiffness in the operated area; moreover, the feet may appear edema. However, doctors usually recommend as soon as possible to begin to walk and perform simple physical exercises
Myths about exercise: do not believe
- It helps tissues heal faster, and to restore the full functionality of the joints, which formed hygroma.
After aspiration hygroma appears again at 6-8 in ten patients after surgery - from 1-4 out of ten. The probability of recurrence after open surgery is higher than after laparoscopy.