Microlites kidney: how to stop the formation of?

November 26, 2011

 Microlites kidney
 Microlite called very small stones (sand) that form the urinary tract. Microlites not require surgery but if they do not pay attention, they tend to merge, the growth and formation of high-grade kidney stones.

 Microlites kidney: how to stop the formation of?

Why in the kidneys are formed microlites

Microlites - is one of the manifestations of kidney stones, which are due to metabolic disorders Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
 . This metabolic schavelivoy acids, purine and calcium-phosphorus metabolism, resulting in the formation microlites consisting of oxalate, urate or phosphate. But mostly microliths have a mixed composition.

Developing kidney stones more often against a background of inflammation in the urinary system, as well as to the damage of the passage (passage) of urine for urinary tract. The last reason may be associated with congenital or acquired anatomical defects, tumors and obstruction of the urinary tract.

Contributing factors for the emergence of microliths in the kidneys can be inherited structural features of renal or metabolic, any chronic diseases of internal organs, endocrine system, prolonged dehydration, including those living in hot climates, hypovitaminosis, poor nutrition, constant use of hard water with a high content salt - that is, any factors that could affect the metabolism Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting  Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting

Microlites formed mostly in the kidneys, but then they can be excreted in the urine and into the ureters, the bladder Urinary bladder - structure and function  Urinary bladder - structure and function
   and the urethra.

 Microlites kidney: how to stop the formation of?

How to manifest themselves microlites kidney

Most often microlites does not manifest itself and is a random finding during ultrasound (US). The term "microliths" is also often heard in the ultrasound findings.

However, sometimes microlites make themselves felt, particularly if a sufficiently large grain size of several millimeters. This can cause the appearance of aching pain in the lumbar region, which can be aggravated by physical activity, or simply a change in body position. When the kidney into the ureter microlite falls, then there is pain in the abdomen Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?  Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
 Radiating to the groin. If you like the sand of the urinary tract, it is excreted in the urine. With the passage of sand along the urethra it can scratch the mucosa, causing pain and urinary frequency, urinary and blood may appear. But even if there is no blood in the urine, it may be cloudy due to the presence therein microlites.

Began to move along the ureter microlite size of a few millimeters can cause severe pain - renal colic.

 Microlites kidney: how to stop the formation of?

How to find microlites

Microlites often detected by chance on ultrasound. But if they found it necessary to spend more in-depth examination to determine what kind of disturbed metabolism and is there any kidney disease and urinary tract - this will help provide prompt appropriate treatment. To do this, carry out X-ray examination (to identify possible obstacles to the passage of urine and various abnormalities), examined blood and urine to detect inflammation, conduct blood chemistry to identify metabolic disturbances, do cystoscopy (the study of the bladder mucosa). According to a survey urologist puts a definitive diagnosis.

 Microlites kidney: how to stop the formation of?

How to treat kidney microlites

It all depends on what will be the final diagnosis. If the cause of education in microlites metabolic disorders, the diet will help, if any inflammatory process in the kidneys, it being treated.

Microlites do not require surgical treatment, at this stage it is possible to manage conservative treatment. But if the cause of microliths was some obstacle to the urine, it is quite possible that it can be removed surgically.

First of all, the patient is recommended to excessive drinking. Need to drink water, you can use a little brackish mineral water, but no more than three glasses a day, compotes, mousses, fruit juice, herbal teas.

The diet will depend on whether any of the salts consist microlits. If they consist mainly of oxalate, it is necessary to exclude products containing oxalic acid and citric acid (lettuce, spinach, sorrel, beans, wild rose, currants, citrus fruits). Detection urate menu requires the exclusion of foods containing purines - cocoa, coffee, chocolate, cookies, meat. When dietary phosphate microlites restrict calcium - dairy products, potatoes, eggs, eliminate food and medicines, urine alkalizing (lemon, alkali).

Usually this is enough to stop or at least slow down the formation of kidney stones.

Galina Romanenko

Treatment of cystitis after vaginitis - a complication occurs frequently

September 26, 2012

 after treatment of cystitis vaginitis
 Infectious-inflammatory diseases of the genital organs often leads to the fact that the infection moves to the lower urinary tract. And since the urethra in women is short and relatively wide, the disease most often develops in the bladder.


Why after vaginitis may develop cystitis

Colpitis - an inflammation of the vaginal wall which may be caused by a variety of infectious agents. Often the disease is caused by Escherichia coli, falling from the bowel into the vagina or staphylococci - they usually get from the blood or lymph of chronic foci of infection. Often the cause is colpitis genital infections (gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, etc.).

Normally, the vagina of healthy women are naturally present microorganisms (mainly lactobacilli) that produce lactic acid creates an acidic environment uncomfortable for pathogenic organisms.

If a woman suffered a sexual infection and was treated with antibiotics, this environment is disturbed and pathogenic microflora (usually gardnerelly), which is always present in the vagina starts to actively proliferate. So there is bacterial vaginosis - vaginal bacteria overgrowth Dysbacteriosis vagina - how to fight?  Dysbacteriosis vagina - how to fight?
 In which inflammation of the vagina yet, and potential infectious agents already have enough of them. By reducing immunity (e.g., when supercooling) they penetrate the mucosa of the vagina and cause disease.

This ever-present in the vagina infection can get into the opening of the urethra, and it will move to the bladder. But again, this is only possible with a decrease in immunity, since the bladder mucosa oblazali pronounced protective properties and most fall into the bladder infectious agents are not able to overcome the protective barriers and penetrate the mucosa, causing inflammation.

And as colpites almost always contribute to decreased immunity, could easily start and cystitis, which rapidly becomes chronic, as it supports bacterial vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis - sex is not recommended  Bacterial vaginosis - sex is not recommended


Basic principles of treatment of acute cystitis after vaginitis

First of all, must be treated the woman is not alone, and intended gynecologist. Before prescribing treatment to a smear taken from the vagina and the urethra (urethritis) in the bacterial flora and its sensitivity to antibacterial agents. The analysis is assigned to antibacterial treatment of cystitis Treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization  Treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization
 . Today there are many medications completely suppress the vital activity of infectious agents causing cystitis.

Acute cystitis is usually very well to treatment. Most often, in order to suppress the infection today prescribe a single dose of an antibiotic Monural. Simultaneous treatment of gynecological diseases and foci of infection usually leads to getting rid of cystitis.

Local treatment of acute cystitis is not carried out.

But the problem is that the vagina continues to be present in a large number of pathogenic microflora, therefore able to constantly re-infection. To this did not happen, it is necessary to treat bacterial vaginosis, restoring its normal microflora. It's a long process, but without him it is impossible to cure cystitis, it goes into a chronic relapsing form.


Basic principles of treatment of chronic recurrent cystitis after vaginitis

If often recurrent cystitis sure to check the state of immunity. It is better if it is done by a specialist - a doctor-immunologist. Immune reconstitution according to the analysis (usually done by a blood test - immunogram) - is a complex task that is why chronic recurrent cystitis constantly worked so hard to treat.

Antibiotic therapy of chronic cystitis is more complex than acute cystitis. It is not always applied and, if applicable, only the results of tests on the sensitivity of pathogens to antibiotics. Active antibacterial therapy is appointed locally in the form of instillation (injection of drugs into the bladder through the urethra) antiseptic solutions. Widely used various types of physical therapy. And, of course, constantly being Vaginal. All together, it gradually leads to the improvement of women, and minimize the number of relapses of chronic cystitis.

If a woman has started a sharp colpitis, it must carefully observe good personal hygiene to ensure that the infection is not passed in the lower urinary tract. If cystitis Cystitis: urgently take action  Cystitis: urgently take action
   after vaginitis yet started, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Galina Romanenko

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