Symptoms of syphilis - it is important to recognize at an early stage

February 12, 2014

 Symptoms of syphilis
 Symptoms of syphilis is not so easy to recognize, syphilis - a disease that is often confused with symptoms of other skin diseases. This is how a specific course of syphilis (the presence of atypical and asymptomatic), and the reluctance of patients to access dermatovenereologists - some patients are beginning to be treated independently, which leads to the disappearance of the external symptoms, but not the most infections.


The first symptoms of syphilis

The first symptoms appear after an incubation period ends. As a rule, three to four weeks, but the incubation period can last from five days to six months. After that, on the skin or mucous membranes of the on-site implementation of Treponema pallidum appears small pink spot or pimple, which appears in the middle portion of necrosis and then produced a round ulcer with smooth edges and hard cartilaginous base. Bottom sores bright, bright red. Sores is called chancre, and has full painless.

Primary syphilis symptoms include an increase and located close to the chancre lymph nodes. They are dense, painless, not soldered to surrounding tissues, reaching the size of large beans and more. The most closely located to the chancre lymph node Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system  Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system
   It is usually the largest.

There is asymptomatic syphilis when syphilis can be confirmed only by the detection of antibodies in the blood of the patient to the agents of this infection. The antibodies in the blood can be detected immediately, but only after the end of the incubation period and the initial period of primary syphilis (the first 3-4 weeks of asymptomatic syphilis can not be detected using serological blood tests).


Further development of the symptoms of syphilis

Symptoms of syphilis can later change completely. Chancre in 6-7 weeks after the appearance of passes without a trace, without leaving a scar, even without treatment, indicating that the transition of primary syphilis in the secondary. Secondary syphilis is divided into fresh, hidden, and recurrent.

Most typically it takes a fresh secondary syphilis Syphilis - punishment of Venus  Syphilis - punishment of Venus
 . On the skin of the patient appears symmetric generalized rash of spots or papules pink, bluish or brownish color. Rash is a consequence of the appearance in the blood of a large number of pale treponem, more often it is blotchy (pustular) character, which indicates the severity of the disease. Much less rash appears as a bubble (herpetiformis), psoriasis or seborrheic rash. But this rash passes without a trace, without leaving a scar.

The latent period of syphilis is associated with the destruction of the bulk of infectious agents in the blood appeared antibodies. This period lasts a few weeks and replaced by recurrent secondary syphilis Secondary syphilis - can proceed unnoticed for several years  Secondary syphilis - can proceed unnoticed for several years
 In which the blood can detect a large number of infectious agents, the antibodies. Accordingly, when a large amount of blood pale treponem skin rash (paler than when fresh secondary syphilis) and the destruction of pathogens by antibodies - the rash goes away. Such undulating eruptions may be several.


Symptoms of syphilis in the final stages

The final stage of tertiary syphilis manifests as Bugorkova gummy and rashes on the skin and mucous membranes. Unlike previous stages this rash is a result not of the toxic effects on the body of pathogens, and increased sensitivity to them the body of the patient. Infectious agents in this period in the patient's blood is the minimum number. Therefore, tertiary syphilis Tertiary syphilis - the final stage of the disease  Tertiary syphilis - the final stage of the disease
   It considered almost contagious.

Unlike the chancre and secondary syphilis rash bumps and gumma leave behind scars. And as this affects not only the skin and mucous membranes, and internal organs gradually and irreversibly impairs their function. Same gummas appear in the brain and spinal cord, leading to various disorders of the central nervous system, including the complete destruction of the individual and dementia.


Is it possible to cure syphilis?

Getting rid of the infection is possible at any stage of the disease. If treatment is started in the initial stages of the disease, when there is no decrease in the function of various organs and systems, possibly a complete cure without any consequences, but only in the case where the right has been assigned appropriate treatment, followed by laboratory control of cure.

In the later stages, in spite of getting rid of the infection, the symptoms reduce function of affected organs and systems remain, but stops the progression of the disease.

Symptoms of syphilis should know in order to promptly seek medical care without waiting for complications of the disease.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Symptoms of syphilis

Genital herpes - can not be cured?

January 25, 2014

  • Genital herpes - can not be cured?
  • Manifestations
  • Treatment

 Genital herpes
 Sexual or genital herpes - a disease transmitted through sexual contact, which occurs in both men and women. The causative agent in most cases is genital herpes. An infected person can be contagious, even if he has no obvious signs of the disease. Typically, after a first episode of disease herpes virus remains dormant for many years.

At this time there is no cure, by which it would be possible to get rid of genital herpes, but there are means to alleviate his symptoms. Condoms are the only effective means of protection against genital herpes.

Currently in the world there are a large number of people infected with the herpes virus. There are several types of the virus strains that lead to the development of various clinical manifestations. Genital herpes is caused by a virus of the second type, which is sexual transmission. A person who is infected with a virus, is a source of infection to their sexual partners, particularly at a stage when genital lesions appear.


What determines the urgency of the problem Herpes

Risk of contamination susceptible men and women equally. The virus causes the development of genital herpes herpes genital infection, which is characterized by a large spread around the world. In recent years there has been a tendency to increase the frequency of diseases of reproductive sphere of mixed nature, when a viral infection is combined with other types of microorganisms. Herpes sexually transmitted, wherein it may occur in a latent form by "mask" other diseases. Only after the laboratory diagnosis is possible to establish the role of viruses as a causal factor.

Genital herpes is one of the leading places in the statistics of sexually transmitted diseases, so human sexual culture is of paramount importance in preventing a possible infection.

Recently, there is a tendency of growth of those forms of herpes infections that occur in an atypical form.

Genital herpes may show only meager local symptoms as redness or swelling of the mucous membranes. Very often, the herpes occurs in the form of long-term healing or recurrent cervical erosion, so to confirm the nature of the disease can be based on virological, cytological methods.

Given that asymptomatic forms of genital herpes are widely used, it is important to undergo regular screening, not only women but also men, especially when there are complaints. Diseases of genital herpes are sexually transmitted nature, so each sexual partner depends on it, what would be the likelihood of transmission. At the same time described the cases when the herpes on the genitals in children. The infection can be entered while bathing the child, if the mother has herpes lesions on the fingers of nature. This pathway must be considered when there is a need to treat vulvovaginitis in girls.


Features of clinical appearance of genital herpes

Conducted numerous clinical studies have confirmed the presence of the expressed polymorphism in the manifestation of a viral infection. The distinguishing feature is multiforme symptoms, thus it is necessary to consider the presence of the forms of the disease that have no typical clinical picture. In the literature, there are reports that some sexually transmitted diseases (eg, gonorrhea) can be a precipitating factor for activation of herpes, which is in an inactive state.

Symptoms of genital herpes generally have local manifestations in the genital area. The main complaints are the following:

  • burning sensation, discomfort
  • severe pruritus
  • redness, swelling of the mucous membranes
  • rash in the form of bubbles, followed by the formation of ulcers

Symptoms of genital herpes in the most vivid form can be seen in the first episode of clinical disease.

Symptoms appear after sexual contact with an infected partner to an average of 3-9 days. Some people may have fever, headache, malaise. Symptoms of intoxication of the body most often seen in women.

What is genital herpes, especially in the case of a typical embodiment of infection is known to most people. This situation leads to self-medication, when a person begins taking the medication without consulting with a specialist, based only on the presence of lesions on the genitals and other painful symptoms. Confirm the diagnosis can analysis on genital herpes, some symptoms of the disease can not be considered decisive in the process of diagnosis.



Most people infected with genital herpes, never even know, because they have no symptoms of the disease. Sometimes the symptoms can be so mild that patients do not notice them.

If there are symptoms of genital herpes, but first it is usually pain and burning sensation, which occur within several weeks after infection. A few days later, there are small reddish or white blisters. When they burst, they have for some time fester or bleed, and then covered with crust. After some time, they are not leaving any traces on the skin. In women, these blisters appear mainly in the vagina, on the external genitals, cervix and the anus or on the thighs. In men, the symptoms of genital herpes occur on the penis, scrotum, on the thighs and around the anus and, in some cases, inside the urethra.

So long as the symptoms of infection, a person may experience pain when urinating, and pain and hypersensitivity in the genital area. The first attack of genital herpes can be accompanied by symptoms such as headache and muscle pain, fever and inflammation of the lymph nodes in the groin area.

Triggers repeated relapses of genital herpes Herpes - a virus creeping  Herpes - a virus creeping
   can be stressful How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 , Fatigue, various diseases, surgery, menstruation.

If you have symptoms of genital herpes, see your doctor. It is necessary to rule out other diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, which may have similar symptoms.



Genital herpes may be caused by two types of herpes:

  • Herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple  Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
   the first type. It generally causes a so-called cold on the lips, but can spread to the genitals during oral sex.
  • Genital herpes. It is the most common causative agent of genital herpes. It is transmitted during sexual intercourse or genital contact.

Because herpes simplex virus dies quickly, appearing out of the body, one to catch them with an infected person toilet, towels and so on, is almost impossible. The most likely to be infected with genital herpes people who have many sexual partners. In addition, women infected with them a bit more often than men.



In genital herpes may include the following complications:

  • Other diseases, sexually transmitted diseases. Sores on the skin that occur during exacerbations of genital herpes, increases the probability of infection with various sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.
  • Infection of the newborn. If during labor in the mother observed the active phase of genital herpes, it can infect the child with the virus. This can lead to brain damage, blindness and death of the newborn.
  • Violation of the urinary system. Sometimes genital herpes causes an inflammation of the urethra, which is why for several days the patient can urinate Urinary bladder - structure and function  Urinary bladder - structure and function
   Only with a catheter.
  • Meningitis. In rare cases, genital herpes causes inflammation cerebrospinal fluid and membranes which surround the brain and spinal cord.
  • Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the rectum (proctitis). This complication of genital herpes most often occurs in men who have homosexual sex.