Thick placenta - there is a danger to the child?

April 28, 2011

 thick placenta
 All pregnant women are aware of the role played by the placenta to the fetus. Pathology of the formation and maturation of the placenta can lead to irreversible consequences of pregnancy and child development. Thick placenta - it is rather the national definition of the evidence of her premature ripening. The reasons that lead to the formation of a thick placenta, set, and its thickness is set in the US.



The placenta (in Latin - tortilla) is a temporary body that develops along with the fruit of the germ cells. Development of the placenta ends around 16 weeks of pregnancy, after which it begins to synthesize the hormones of pregnancy. Normally, the placenta is located on the front or rear wall of the uterus. Its functions include:

  • implementing the gas exchange (oxygen from the maternal blood enters the body of the fetus, and in the reverse direction removes carbon dioxide);
  • delivery of nutrients to the fetus and the removal of its metabolites;
  • immune function (antibody penetration Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity  Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity
   mother to the fetus);
  • secretion of hormones.


Medical options placenta

During pregnancy, the placenta goes through four stages of development, which is the degree of maturity and determined by the US:

  • zero maturity (formation) - homogeneous structure of the placenta, normally up to 30 weeks;
  • The first maturity (growth) - in the tissues of some placental appear echogenic inclusions, from 27 to 34 per week;
  • the second degree of maturity (maturity) - chorionic structure is more undulating, there are multiple echogenic inclusions, normally 34 to 39 per week;
  • third degree of maturity (aging) - placenta becomes lobed, multiple calcifications are present, normal after 37 weeks.

The thickness of the placenta by ultrasound must comply with gestational age in weeks. In the case of the thickening and the emergence of the third degree of maturity suggests premature ripening and aging of the placenta.


Causes of thick placenta

Reasons leading to thickening of the placenta, are distinct. It can be both viral (influenza, SARS) and infectious diseases (syphilis, toxoplasmosis). Also, in the formation of a thick placenta play a role: Rh-conflict pregnancy, diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
   mother, severe anemia, the threat of termination of pregnancy, multiple pregnancy, low or excess body weight, preeclampsia and others.


The dangerous thick placenta?

About premature aging of placenta say when the third degree of maturity is present up to 37 weeks. Due to the thickening of the placenta and the appearance of calcifications in her, she can not fully carry out its functions. Accordingly, the fetus does not receive oxygen and nutrients, which can lead to chronic hypoxia and intrauterine development. Because of the expressed edema Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause  Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
   the placenta is reduced and its hormonal function that appears threatening miscarriage or premature birth. In severe cases of premature maturation of the placenta can be fetal death and premature detachment of the placenta.

In case of thick placenta doctor prescribes an additional examination, which includes:

  • cardiotocography (fetal heart rate determination), held once every two weeks;
  • Ultrasound of the fetus;
  • Hormonal investigation;
  • Doppler (the study of blood flow in the mother-placenta-fetus).


Treatment thick placenta

Treatment of premature maturation of the placenta depends on the cause of aging. In mild cases, specific treatment is required, it is limited to the watchful eyes of the state of the placenta and fetus. If thick placenta was the result of an infection, anti-inflammatory therapy is carried out if there was a thickening of the placenta due to Rhesus conflict - the treatment of this condition. Premature aging of the placenta due to the development of anemia requires antianemic therapy.

In addition, a set of measures aimed at the treatment of hypoxia and intrauterine fetal malnutrition: aktovegin Aktovegin - without fear of negative consequences  Aktovegin - without fear of negative consequences
 , Antiplatelet agents (Courant, aspirin), vitamin therapy.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • placenta

Cramps in early pregnancy: unpleasant, but it will

November 25, 2010

 cramps early gestation
 In most cases, pregnancy can be considered perfectly fits normal. However, many pregnant women spasms of concern - they perceive as an ominous harbinger of seizures miscarriage. Fortunately, this is not so, and cramping do not mean that a woman has lost a chance to become a mother.

In fact, only seizures indicate that the muscles and the uterus is ready to expand later months of pregnancy. Cramps occur under the influence of ovarian hormones, almost immediately after attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterus. That embryo and causes cramps and vaginal discharge.

 Cramps in early pregnancy: unpleasant, but it will

What causes cramps during pregnancy?

Seizures during pregnancy - are extremely common and completely normal. Seizures occur when the uterus begins to grow in size and stretch after the attachment of the embryo to the uterine wall. These cramps are so minor that most women do not even notice, feeling mild discomfort.

During pregnancy uterine size increase of 1000 times, which means that seizure and associated pain can be expected. Slight, but perceptible convulsions, similar to menstrual cramps are not a cause for concern in the early stages of pregnancy.

Also seizures during pregnancy may experience pain in the round ligament of the uterus. It seizures that occur during expansion of the uterus and an increase in its dimensions, it is necessary to support the weight of the uterus as the embryo growth. Many pregnant women complain of seizures of this type are at an early stage of pregnancy, more than that, they feel almost all expectant mothers.

If a woman bears more than one child, it may feel a sharp pang in the groin area, which is weakened when a woman stands or walks, and enhanced when she gets up. The intensity of pain in this case may be different each time.

Also during pregnancy or having convulsions strengthen the abdominal muscles. To prevent these seizures doctors recommend sports and strengthen the muscles in this area. It is also recommended that expectant mothers to walk more - it will not only help ease the cramps, but will be better prepared for childbirth. Sometimes seizures are accompanied by vaginal discharge Vaginal discharge: normal or disease?  Vaginal discharge: normal or disease?
 . Typically, isolation minor and stops after two or three days. So if a woman saw a delay menstrual cramps and feels she should see a doctor or gynecologist to do a pregnancy test.

 Cramps in early pregnancy: unpleasant, but it will

Cramps leg muscles

Pregnant women often have leg cramps that may be due to the vitamin deficiency in the body due to pregnancy and the development of varicose veins or vena cava syndrome bottom. According to doctors, the occurrence of leg cramps may contribute to fatigue (long stay on his feet) and edema.

Leg cramps - a very unpleasant phenomenon, which can be avoided through simple preventive measures, such as taking vitamins. Especially useful calcium supplements and consumption of low-fat foods rich in calcium. Pregnant women are not recommended for a long time to stand up and walk, and throw his legs. Starting from the second trimester, pregnant women are advised not to sleep on your back - it is desirable to sleep on your side with a pillow under the buttocks or crotch.

When cramps in the calf muscles of a pregnant woman feels a sharp pain. At the first sign of seizures should pull the sock with clenched fingers at yourself, and then massage the foot and a bit like to restore circulation. Remove seizures also helps rubbing feet warm moist towel.

Muscle fatigue - not the only reason for leg cramps. They can be caused by too high content of phosphorus and potassium and calcium deficiency in the body.

 Cramps in early pregnancy: unpleasant, but it will

When should I see a doctor?

With the appearance of swelling or feeling of heaviness in the legs, women should seek medical advice. According to statistics, in rare cases (about one out of 2,000 pregnant women) developed venous thrombosis, which requires immediate medical attention.

Women should understand that seizures may occur in the second and in the third trimester as the uterus continues to grow, and a woman's body prepares for childbirth. If the intensity and frequency of seizures increases after the sixth week of pregnancy, and cramps are accompanied by strong allocation, you should immediately consult a doctor.

If acute seizures are concentrated on one side of the lower abdomen, it may indicate an ectopic pregnancy. Seizures may occur after a meal in the upper abdomen and spread to the right shoulder. This may be a sign of gallbladder disease, which is sometimes subject to pregnant women.

Thus, although the seizures and normal in early pregnancy, their intensity and frequency should be sufficient reason for seeking medical attention.

 Cramps in early pregnancy: unpleasant, but it will

How to avoid cramps during pregnancy

To increase the calcium and potassium in the body, doctors recommend drinking before bedtime Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
   a glass of warm milk or eat a banana Bananas: the benefits and harms health  Bananas: the benefits and harms health
 . Also useful are herbal and mineral supplements, but they should be taken only after consulting a doctor. Here are some practical tips to help avoid cramps during pregnancy:

  • When sitting or lying down, wiggle your toes.
  • Bedtime exercise the calf muscles for a few minutes.
  • To stretch the muscles straighten your legs and slowly raise and lower the foot by turning it. At first it may be a pain, but gradually it will disappear. Also seizures can be eliminated by using a foot massage Foot massage: relaxation and health improvement  Foot massage: relaxation and health improvement
   plastic bottle filled with warm water.
  • Take a warm shower or apply a heating pad to the lower back.

Article Tags:
  • convulsions