In most cases, pregnancy can be considered perfectly fits normal. However, many pregnant women spasms of concern - they perceive as an ominous harbinger of seizures miscarriage. Fortunately, this is not so, and cramping do not mean that a woman has lost a chance to become a mother.
In fact, only seizures indicate that the muscles and the uterus is ready to expand later months of pregnancy. Cramps occur under the influence of ovarian hormones, almost immediately after attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterus. That embryo and causes cramps and vaginal discharge.
What causes cramps during pregnancy?
Seizures during pregnancy - are extremely common and completely normal. Seizures occur when the uterus begins to grow in size and stretch after the attachment of the embryo to the uterine wall. These cramps are so minor that most women do not even notice, feeling mild discomfort.
During pregnancy uterine size increase of 1000 times, which means that seizure and associated pain can be expected. Slight, but perceptible convulsions, similar to menstrual cramps are not a cause for concern in the early stages of pregnancy.
Also seizures during pregnancy may experience pain in the round ligament of the uterus. It seizures that occur during expansion of the uterus and an increase in its dimensions, it is necessary to support the weight of the uterus as the embryo growth. Many pregnant women complain of seizures of this type are at an early stage of pregnancy, more than that, they feel almost all expectant mothers.
If a woman bears more than one child, it may feel a sharp pang in the groin area, which is weakened when a woman stands or walks, and enhanced when she gets up. The intensity of pain in this case may be different each time.
Also during pregnancy or having convulsions strengthen the abdominal muscles. To prevent these seizures doctors recommend sports and strengthen the muscles in this area. It is also recommended that expectant mothers to walk more - it will not only help ease the cramps, but will be better prepared for childbirth. Sometimes seizures are accompanied by vaginal discharge
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. Typically, isolation minor and stops after two or three days. So if a woman saw a delay menstrual cramps and feels she should see a doctor or gynecologist to do a pregnancy test.
Cramps leg muscles
Pregnant women often have leg cramps that may be due to the vitamin deficiency in the body due to pregnancy and the development of varicose veins or vena cava syndrome bottom. According to doctors, the occurrence of leg cramps may contribute to fatigue (long stay on his feet) and edema.
Leg cramps - a very unpleasant phenomenon, which can be avoided through simple preventive measures, such as taking vitamins. Especially useful calcium supplements and consumption of low-fat foods rich in calcium. Pregnant women are not recommended for a long time to stand up and walk, and throw his legs. Starting from the second trimester, pregnant women are advised not to sleep on your back - it is desirable to sleep on your side with a pillow under the buttocks or crotch.
When cramps in the calf muscles of a pregnant woman feels a sharp pain. At the first sign of seizures should pull the sock with clenched fingers at yourself, and then massage the foot and a bit like to restore circulation. Remove seizures also helps rubbing feet warm moist towel.
Muscle fatigue - not the only reason for leg cramps. They can be caused by too high content of phosphorus and potassium and calcium deficiency in the body.
When should I see a doctor?
With the appearance of swelling or feeling of heaviness in the legs, women should seek medical advice. According to statistics, in rare cases (about one out of 2,000 pregnant women) developed venous thrombosis, which requires immediate medical attention.
Women should understand that seizures may occur in the second and in the third trimester as the uterus continues to grow, and a woman's body prepares for childbirth. If the intensity and frequency of seizures increases after the sixth week of pregnancy, and cramps are accompanied by strong allocation, you should immediately consult a doctor.
If acute seizures are concentrated on one side of the lower abdomen, it may indicate an ectopic pregnancy. Seizures may occur after a meal in the upper abdomen and spread to the right shoulder. This may be a sign of gallbladder disease, which is sometimes subject to pregnant women.
Thus, although the seizures and normal in early pregnancy, their intensity and frequency should be sufficient reason for seeking medical attention.
How to avoid cramps during pregnancy
To increase the calcium and potassium in the body, doctors recommend drinking before bedtime
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a glass of warm milk or eat a banana
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. Also useful are herbal and mineral supplements, but they should be taken only after consulting a doctor. Here are some practical tips to help avoid cramps during pregnancy:
- When sitting or lying down, wiggle your toes.
- Bedtime exercise the calf muscles for a few minutes.
- To stretch the muscles straighten your legs and slowly raise and lower the foot by turning it. At first it may be a pain, but gradually it will disappear. Also seizures can be eliminated by using a foot massage
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plastic bottle filled with warm water.
- Take a warm shower or apply a heating pad to the lower back.