- Allergic rhinitis - what flows from the nose?
- Causes and Treatment
Where does the allergy
An allergy occurs when the malfunction of the body's defenses and immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
. Immunity must defend our body against any external influences (including those from bacteria, viruses, protein foreign particles, etc.). In response to the introduction of such particles (antigens) in the body produces antibodies that bind to a specific antigen and excreted. In violation of the immunity the body begins to produce antibodies in excess, which is in itself cause harm to the organism causing allergic diseases.
Allergies can be congenital or acquired. Congenital form of allergy is called atopy. Atopy begins with the first months of life, and flows in a variety of cutaneous manifestations of up to two years. Then, it can go into another form, such as allergic rhinitis or asthma. Atopy may be with respect to many types of allergens: food, dust, food, medicines, bacterial, viral, and so on.
Acquired allergy usually begins with the fact that people frequent colds, or have a permanent source of infection in the body. Gradually pathogens (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and others.) Produced a large number of antibodies over time they begin to be developed not only an infection, but also to other allergens (eg house dust).
What is allergic rhinitis and its causes
Rhinitis or runny nose - an inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Allergic rhinitis can occur if inhaled allergens inhaled types: home and book dust, pollen or any other allergen enters the body through the nasal mucosa. Allergen which causes rhinitis, can enter the body and through the gastro-intestinal tract or through the skin.
Frequent development of allergic process is explained in the nasal cavity physiological conditions that contribute to extended contact with the tissues of allergen, the high permeability of the mucosa, sustained blood flow in the area and delay therein particles of different substances.
In response to the introduction of the allergen responsible an allergic reaction of the body as a rapid swelling
Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
nasal mucosa, repeated sneezing, itching, heavy liquid discharge and obstructed nasal breathing. For allergic rhinitis is characterized by cyclic course with exacerbations in the form of attacks. In the long allergic rhinitis nasal mucosa is edematous and the interictal period, and in the nasal passages consistently found an increased amount of mucus.
Often a purely allergic reactions associated infection (infectious agents are always present in the mucosa of the nasal cavity and "waiting in the wings"). This nasal discharge becoming purulent.
Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis is based on the typical symptoms, examination otolaryngologist, rhinoscopy (examination of the nasal mucosa using a special tool), characteristic changes in the blood count (a large number of white blood cells, eosinophils, which are "responsible" for the allergic disposition of the body) and special skin tests using a variety of allergens, which are held allergist-immunologist.
Treating Allergic rhinitis is divided into general and local. General treatment in turn divided into specific and non-specific. Specific treatment - this is the cessation of contact with the allergen and specific immunotherapy (subcutaneous injection of allergen extracts in gradually increasing doses), which removes the allergic disposition of the body in relation to a particular allergen.
Non-specific treatment - is prevention of exacerbations of rhinitis with drugs that reduce the allergic disposition of the body (for example, Tavegilum, suprastin, klarititna and so on), restorative treatment, physiotherapy (such as electrophoresis with calcium chloride and hydrocortisone), physiotherapy, reflexology
Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies
, Therapy and spa treatment.
Locally used in acute vasoconstrictor drops that relieve swelling and nasal congestion. In this case, it is important to remember that such drops can be used no more than three or four days in a row, as the body gets used to their action, and blood vessels dilated for a long time remain stable - the swelling is very difficult to remove later. Therefore, in allergic rhinitis
Rhinitis: a runny nose - is quite serious
such drops may be used only in emergencies.
Moreover, locally conducted intranasal novocaine blockade, cauterization of the mucous membrane in various ways, the impact on her cold. Sometimes they resort to surgical removal of overgrown areas turbinate.
Remember, if not promptly treated allergic rhinitis, allergy may take new shapes and occur, for example, a bronchial asthma.